An archaeology of Elizabethan Ireland

This book examines life in the leading province of Elizabeth I's nascent empire. It shows how an Ireland of colonising English farmers and displaced Irish ‘savages’ were ruled by an imported Protestant elite from their fortified manors and medieval castles. The book displays how a generation of English ‘adventurers’ including such influential intellectual and political figures as Spenser and Ralegh, tried to create a new kind of England, one that gave full opportunity to their Renaissance tastes and ambitions. Based on decades of research, it details how archaeology had revealed the traces of a short-lived, but significant, culture that has, until now, been eclipsed in ideological conflicts between Tudor queens, Hapsburg hegemony and native Irish traditions.

We are informed that at Kilcolman, the seat of this Seignory, there was a fair stone house built by Edmund Spencer [sic], which was utterly destroyed in the late wars; that the same, being re-edified, was lately consumed by fire. Since which time a convenient English house is built in the place thereof. Survey of the Plantation of Munster, 1622 1 The Elizabethan court poet Edmund Spenser, author of The Faerie Queene and colonial officer in County Cork, resided at Kilcolman Castle from

in Castles and Colonists

Alas all the Castles I have, are built with ayre, thou know’st. Ben Jonson, 1605 1 Ben Jonson’s comedy Eastward Ho reveals how the early seventeenth century still valued castles as important social possessions. The claim by an impecunious Sir Petronell to have a castle and estate, more than his title, attracted the social-climbing daughter of the rich goldsmith Touchstone. For purely military purposes, castles had become obsolete with successful French siege artillery in Normandy and

in Castles and Colonists

4 The oratory of Barbara Castle David S. Moon Introduction: ‘battling’ Barbara Reporting on Tony Blair’s speech to the 1999 Confederation of British Industry (CBI) conference, Guardian sketch writer Simon Hoggart (1999) gave a typically snarky description of the speechifying of the then prime minister, or as he called him, ‘our very own Big Brother’: The Big Brother smiles a lot in a self deprecating kind of way. He uses ‘um’ and ‘well’ as a rhetorical device, to convince us he’s not reading out a prepared text, but needs to pause to work out exactly what he

in Labour orators from Bevan to Miliband
Sir Walter Scott and the Hudson River School of Painting

This essay examines the influence of Sir Walter Scott‘s historical romances on the artists of the Hudson River School of American landscape painting. Scotts writings inspired paintings of medieval castles, fictional and actual, as well as scenery related to Scott‘s life and literary works. Many American artists visited these sites first-hand and painted or sketched them, providing a visual record of the tourist experience of Great Britain.That so many American artists engaged in painting castles suggests the paradoxical nature of American culture in the nineteenth century, when commentators clamored for a uniquely American culture, even while American authors and artists copied or borrowed from European culture. Castles function as perhaps the ultimate European signifier in otherwise generalized landscapes. This essay argues that those American artists who included castles in the landscape gave American culture a modicum of legitimacy in an era of rising American nationalism.

Gothic Studies

M1206 MAGUIRE TEXT.qxp:Andy Q7 17/3/08 08:50 Page 51 2 Dublin Castle in crisis, 1918–21 Introduction        created new pressures on the civil service in Britain. The government, alarmed at the rise in numbers of civil servants created by wartime demands on the State, was determined to reduce its size and cost. The civil servants focused on organising to resist the Treasury’s attempt to reassert control of numbers and pay. An arbitration system, the Whitley Councils, that acted as a powerful incentive to organisation, was no sooner

in The civil service and the revolution in Ireland, 1912–38

one History of the Parsons family1 and Birr Castle The Earl and Countess of Rosse History of the Parsons family and Birr Castle T he family of William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, had been in Ireland some three and a half centuries by the time the great telescope was built. There is no doubt that William thought of himself first and foremost as an Irishman. His father, Sir Laurence Parsons, had been a member of Grattan’s Parliament at the end of the previous century and was an orator and patriot; it was said of him that he was the only honest member of the

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
Dutch travellers’ accounts of proto-museums visited en route, 1683–1855

Dutch travellers’ accounts of proto-museums 5 A foreign appreciation of English country houses and castles: Dutch travellers’ accounts of proto-museums visited en route, 1683–1855 Hanneke Ronnes and Renske Koster Leisure trips to England were popular with Dutch men and women from at least the late seventeenth century onwards. The route from the Netherlands to England was familiar given the proximity, the cultural, scientific and financial exchange between the two countries, and the shared history on account of the joint stadholder and king, William III. In this

in Travel and the British country house
The tower house complex and rural settlement

The ‘revisionist’ approach to castles, starting in the 1970s, has sought to place them within their managed environment. In this way, features such as formal gardens have been identified, and the symbolism of deer parks in particular, but dovecotes, rabbit warrens and artificial fishponds have also been discussed. The relationship of the castle to that other local landscape feature, the dependent settlement, has similarly been of interest (Creighton and Barry, 2012 ; Murphy and O’Conor, 2006 ). Arguably, this tradition of an integrated

in The Irish tower house

fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, and some were built as late as the seventeenth century, but none has been ascribed to the Plantation per se. 8 Tower-houses with strong Elizabethan associations, though of medieval origin, are Blarney Castle, famous for the Queen’s remark about its lord; Barryscourt, burned by its owner rather than permit the English to occupy it; and Kilcolman Castle, where Edmund Spenser composed The Faerie Queene (see Figure 5.3 ). Because plantation grants of manors confiscated from the Desmond lordship often coincided with castelancies, it

in Castles and Colonists