In Psychoanalysis and the family, Richard Bates reveals the striking range and extent of the influence of Françoise Dolto (1908–88) – child psychoanalyst and France’s leading authority on parenting and family dynamics from the 1970s onwards. Against the backdrop of rapid economic, social and cultural change, Dolto emerged as a new, reassuring, national presence. Seen as a national treasure, her views proved influential on a wide range of issues linked to psychology, parenting, education, gender, sexuality, bioethics and children’s culture and rights. Dolto claimed the mantle of a progressive, innovative expert who swept away outdated concepts – but Bates demonstrates that her ideas in fact had deep roots in right-wing, anti-feminist currents. Dolto used her media platforms and the cultural authority of psychoanalysis to ensure that her psychoanalytic vision affected the whole French nation and was implanted in a variety of institutional settings. Bates shows how her vision had lasting repercussions, in areas ranging from the treatment of autism to the organisation of children’s centres. In demonstrating Dolto’s importance, this highly original, thoroughly researched book makes an essential contribution to historical understanding of twentieth-century French society. It forces a reassessment of the place of psychoanalysis in French social history, showing that its true significance lay well beyond the academic seminar or the consulting room.
1968–69 (of which transcripts were published under the title S.O.S.
Psychanalyste! ), it situates Dolto in the context of the history of French radio,
with particular reference to other broadcasters who used radio to create a sense of intimacy and community around discussions of personal-yet-public issues. The
chapter goes on to examine Dolto’s interventions on homosexuality and education,
situating these with regard to contemporary political debates.
The final section analyses the Maison Verte children’scentres
extended after the war.
Another wartime experiment that involved the treatment of emotional disturbance, although not arising as a result of wartime conditions, was Brambling
House, a special day school in Chesterfield, Derbyshire. Initiated by the
Board of Education in 1936, and opened in July 1939, the school was the first
to accommodate physically defective, delicate and emotionally disturbed
Case study: Brambling House
Brambling House was set in extensive grounds, and was designed to accommodate both an open-air school and a children’scentre (essentially
, crèches, children’scentres and youth clubs to clinics, medical centres and hospital wings. 3 Roads in Paris and other cities bear her
name. In the 2008 film Entre les murs ( The Class ), Laurent Cantet and
François Bégaudeau’s critical examination of the
French republican education system, the fictional school is named ‘Collège
Françoise Dolto’: chosen in part because the name was one of the most
archetypal, unremarkable names possible for a French school at that time. 4 More than thirty years after her death, her
Development and Childcare Partnership, the Clayton Children’sCentre, NDC/
SRB, and the Local Education Authority (LEA) MAES.
The SRF detailed three priorities: raising attainment and school improvement,
promoting inclusion, and community and lifelong learning (NEM, 2000: 22).
These aligned with the three issues the EAZ would address: improving teaching
and learning, social exclusion, and the promotion of excellence and community
support for teaching and learning (Roberts, 2010: 36). NDC/Beacons aimed to
promote projects which would complement those of the EAZ
introduce interventionist measures that benefited many women. These included better maternity leave, the first ever (unpaid) paternity leave, support for childcare and parenting (particularly through Sure Start Children’sCentres), the national minimum wage, stronger anti-discrimination legislation and new laws on domestic violence. By the time it won the 2005 election, the Labour Party had reversed the traditional gender gap in voting behaviour (which had seen women more likely than men to vote Conservative, and less likely to vote Labour); this trend was particularly
Peter John, Sarah Cotterill, Alice Moseley, Liz Richardson, Graham Smith, Gerry Stoker, and Corinne Wales
similar letters, asking for a pledge, and in addition told households that ‘A list of everyone who donates a book will be displayed locally.’
Control group. We sent two similar letters, without the pledge or the offer of publicity.
Residents were asked to take donated books to one of six book collection points, three in each area, during Children’s Book Week, 27 February–6 March 2010. We chose a variety of different drop-off points, in various locations, including two libraries, a primary school, a children’s
Challenges and opportunities for museums, cultural engagement and lifelong learning at the University of Glasgow
for individual researchers. In 2009–10, a total of 381 volunteers contributed
42,269 hours of service in Glasgow Museums (Kelvin Hall, 2011: 4).
Glasgow Museums’ outreach service, based at the Open Museum, has been parti
cularly creative in extending its ‘arena for learning’ to ‘care homes, community
centres, children’scentres, hospitals, libraries and prisons’ and using its c ollections
‘through collaborative projects, loans kits, travelling exhibitions, community
museums’ (Lane, 2011). The Gardener’s Ark, a 2010–11 collaborative project with
. More concretely, she shaped French society by creating or
participating in institutions that gave psychoanalysts and psychoanalytically informed
educators access to large numbers of young children. This reached its height with the Maison
Verte children’scentres ( Chapter 6 ), which leveraged the fame
of Dolto’s 1970s radio broadcasts to obtain public funding and spread across the
country. This chapter focuses on an earlier set of institutions, the École des Parents
(EdP – The School for Parents) and the Centres
such, the community forum played a valuable role.
There was also evidence of the community forum’s role in participatory
budgeting. It approved an application for £4,200 for three metal benches to
be placed outside Tilbury health clinic. A local children’scentre was
awarded a grant of £500 towards the cost of a sensory garden. Though the
figures involved are relatively small they do reflect some ownership by local
people of the budgetary and policy process and as a consequence they help
strengthen social capital (Thurrock, 2009).
Leicestershire County Council has a