This book is the first English translation of one of the most significant chronicles of the middle ages. Written in Bamberg at the end of the eleventh century, Frutolf of Michelsberg's Chronicle offers a lively and vivid account of the great struggle between the German emperors and the papacy known today as the Investiture Contest. Frutolf's Chronicle has numerous continuations written in the first quarter of the twelfth century. Together with that, Frutolf's Chronicle offers an engaging and accessible snapshot of how medieval people reacted to a conflict that led to civil war in Germany and Italy, and fundamentally altered the relationship of church and state in Western society.
Bishop Bruno of Augsburg, 1006–29. For
contemporary accounts of Bruno’s quarrels with his brother see
Thietmar, Chronicle 5.32, 5.38, 6.2–3, pp. 257, 263,
277–8; trans. Warner (2001) , pp. 226, 230, 238–9.
Sulpicius Severus, Vita
HERE BEGINS THE PROLOGUE TO THE
How happy that state, attests
Cicero, which is ruled by the wise or whose rulers strive for wisdom,
without which, it is plain, courage degenerates into mere
foolhardiness. 1 We, therefore, ought more zealously to render thanks to
God than other peoples, since the storms that hitherto shook us have
various chroniclers from the beginning of the world and supplied with
our own pen the deeds of our times, hoping – albeit not without
danger to our own reputation – that the wish of your command be
satisfied. Consequently, to remedy boredom this work is divided into
five books. The first finishes with the founding of the city of Rome,
the second with the birth of Christ, the third with the emperorship of
bishop] of Chur from Burgundy, 350 as well as
even noble laymen from the side of the king. Among other things they
received the command that should it be possible, that they should secure
the presence of the lord pope from across the Alps.
Frutolf, Chronicle 1096, above, pp.
Also recorded in other sources: Anselm of
Gembloux, Chronicle 1117, p. 376 (a continuation of the
chronicle of Sigebert of Gembloux); Actuarium Laudunense
1118, p. 445 (which gives the date as 9 January 1118).
St Lambert (d. c . 701).
This book covers one of the most controversial and shocking episodes in medieval English history, the 'tyranny' and deposition of Richard II and the usurpation of the throne by his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, who became King Henry IV. Richard's deposition was arguably the most portentous event in the political history of late medieval England. The book represents all the principal contemporary chronicles from the violently partisan Thomas Walsingham, chronicler of St Alban's Abbey, who saw Richard as a tyrant and murderer, to the indignant Dieulacres chronicler, who claimed that the 'innocent king' was tricked into surrender by his perjured barons. Of the three most substantial contemporary chronicles which cover the earlier part of Richard's reign, two cease before 1397: namely the Westminster Chronicle, which ends in 1394, and the Chronicon Henrici Knighton, which peters out in 1395. Fortunately, the third, the Chronica Maiora of Thomas Walsingham, continues through the revolution of 1399 and well beyond, right up to 1420. The Lancastrian, French and Cistercian chronicles are the principal narrative accounts of the years 1397-1400, though they are not the only ones. The book focuses on the course of the Bolingbroke-Mowbray dispute, or his description of the early events of the 'Epiphany Rising'.
Part II: Chronicles
Introduction to Part II
A large proportion of evidence for heresy in the
eleventh and twelfth centuries comes from chronicles, 1 but by the thirteenth century they do not loom quite so large in comparison to
other genres (most obviously inquisitorial evidence). Nonetheless, and particularly for the
earlier part of the thirteenth century, they provide evidence of events which are otherwise
not visible to us. This is particularly the case with the prosecution of heresy in northern
France, which has
This book provides the first English translation of the Chronicle of the city of
Genoa by the thirteenth-century Dominican Jacopo da Varagine (also known as
Jacobus de Voragine). While Jacopo is better known for his monumental
compilation of saints’ lives, the Golden legend, his lesser known Chronicle of
Genoa exemplifies the important medieval genre of the civic chronicle. The work
mixes scholarly research about the city’s origins with narrative accounts based
on Genoese archival sources, more didactic and moral reflections on the proper
conduct of public and private life, and personal accounts of Jacopo’s own
experience as archbishop of Genoa from 1292 until his death in 1298. Divided
into twelve parts, the work covers the history of Genoa from its ancient origins
up to Jacopo’s own day. Jacopo’s first-hand accounts of events in which he
himself participated—such as the great civic reconciliation of 1295, over which
he himself presided—provide a valuable contrast to the more scholarly and
didactic sections of the work. Together they form an integrated, coherent
approach to urban history, which illustrates some of the most important styles
of historiography in the Middle Ages.
dissatisfaction in the kingdom. ‘At this time both the foremost
men and the lesser men of the kingdom began more and more to murmur
against the emperor and complained that he had long since departed from
his original conduct of justice,’ wrote the Swabian chronicler
Herman of Reichenau in response to Henry III’s deposition of Duke
Conrad of Bavaria in 1053, while Otloh of St Emmeram in his Book of