usage The focus upon both the market and civil society as strategies for democratization has been a reaction to the abysmal and disheartening performance of state-led development throughout the 1960s and 1970s. And as the ‘sociological counterpart of the market in the economic sphere and to democracy in the political sphere’, suggests White, ‘[civil society] is a valuable
Bacon 05 3/2/06 10:29 AM Page 102 5 Civil society According to Aleksandr Gurov, a current member and former chairman, the Duma Committee for Security ‘considers the concept of national security in the widest sense. In today’s Russia we have to go beyond protecting only the state’s interests … We think that the state can only flourish and be strong if every citizen is protected from crime, and sometimes from those in power themselves. Only then can a developed civil society exist. The security of the individual and of society is the basis for a state
This chapter explores how civil society organisations (CSOs) working to end statelessness use norm-based advocacy strategies to effect political and social change in relation to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Global Action Plan to End Statelessness (‘Action Plan’). The focus here is on CSOs, which include local
"This book examines the intersection between national and international counter-terrorism policies and civil society in numerous national and regional contexts. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 (9/11) against the United States led to new waves of scholarship on the proliferation of terrorism and efforts to combat international terrorist groups, organizations, and networks. Civil society organizsations have been accused of serving as ideological grounds for the recruitment of potential terrorists and a channel for terrorist financing. Consequently, states around the world established new ranges of counter-terrorism measures that target the operations of cCivil society organizsations exclusively.
Security practices by states have become a common trend and have assisted in the establishment of a “‘best practices”’ among non-liberal democratic or authoritarian states, and are deeply entrenched in their security infrastructures. In developing or newly democratized states (those still deemed democratically weak or fragile), these exceptional securities measures are used as a cover for repressing opposition groups considered by these states as threats to their national security and political power apparatuses.
This book serves as a critical discussion accounting for the experiences of civil society in the enforcement of global security measures by governments in the America’s, Africa, Asia-Pacific, Central Asia, Europe (Western, Central, and Eastern), and the Middle East.
7 The neoliberalisation of civil society: community-based organisations, contractor NGOs and class relations It has been argued in this book (see Chapter 3) that the proliferation of civil society organisations (CSOs) in India since the 1990s represents a neoliberalisation of civil society. This is a general argument in that it relates the proliferation of CSOs to broader neoliberal policy that has sought to ‘thicken’ civil society while reducing the role of the state, and a more specific argument about its impacts on class relations in particular places
6 The illusions and disillusions of civil society: the case of the Group for Social Dialogue Based on a series of interviews with the founding members of the Group for Social Dialogue—the first civil society organization in post-revolutionary Romania—clippings from the group’s magazine entitled 22—one of the most popular political magazines in the months immediately following the revolution—as well as a rich secondary literature on the larger concept of civil society, as viewed and interpreted by a number of leading Central and Eastern European writers and
legislation and practices in accordance with US-led GWoT (Saraiva et al., 2012 ). The growing restrictions imposed to global-wide financial flows have directly impacted civil society organizations operating in high-risk areas of the country. In Brazil, subsequent changes in assistance programs and public security policies culminated in funds being diverted from poverty
THIS CHAPTER EXPANDS further on the construct of the ‘defending democracy’ by inquiring into the ‘pro-democratic civil society’ and its role in the context of the ‘defending democracy’ model. The following pages will underscore the significance of the actions of this non-state actor in the ‘defending democracy’s’ transition from the ‘militant’ to the ‘immunised’ model. The fundamental argument here submits that, as a result of its isolation from the State, ‘civil society’ in Israel probably plays a threefold role in safeguarding Israeli
so much as the participatory extent of civil government. 28 Second, ‘private’ described not merely abstention or exclusion from public office but the very opposite of ‘civil society’. Smith explained that: if one man had as some of the old Romans had (if it be true that is written) v. thousand or x. thousand bondmen whom he ruled well, though they dwelled all in one city, or were distributed into diverse villages, yet that were no commonwealth: for the bondman hath no communion with his master, the wealth of the Lord is only sought for, not the profit of the
3 Labour, state and civil society in rural India The fieldwork-based chapters of this book explore three co-constitutive aspects of class relations in rural India: those in and around sites of production, and their mediation by both the state and different types of civil society organisations (CSOs). The purpose of this chapter is to set the scene for what follows by drawing out key trends and debates from the broader India literature. It proceeds in four parts. The first uses government datasets to flesh out a number of points that have already been made in