Civilwars in Georgia: corruption
Pavel K. Baev
incredibly rich and uniquely complicated case for the
analysis of modern civilwars. It is a newly independent state that appeared
with the collapse of the USSR, but it also has a long history of statehood. It
is a relatively small state, but it occupies a key geopolitical crossroads which has
acquired strategic importance with the new development of hydrocarbon
resources in the Caspian area. Its population is small and declining but the ethnic
A wartime tale of spying gone wrong opens up our
history of espionage activities in the CivilWars of the 1640s. In November 1642 the keeper
of ‘Mary-bone Parke’ was one Cary, who was later described as a prime
‘malignant’. Even so, the Royalist Cary was chosen by the Royalist camp to go
out towards Kingston in order to spy out the land and to collect secret intelligence for a
prospective military raid by Prince Rupert. In order to undertake his secret mission, Cary
decided to go in disguise. He dressed
For women writers, the decades of the English Civil War were of special importance. This book presents a complex and rewarding poetic culture that is both uniquely women-centred and integrally connected to the male canonical poetry. It brings together extensive selections of poetry by the five most prolific and prominent women poets of the English Civil War: Anne Bradstreet, Hester Pulter, Margaret Cavendish, Katherine Philips, and Lucy Hutchinson. All these five women were attracting new and concerted attention as poets by seventeenth-century women. Bradstreet's poems first appeared in The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America, and the later volume of Several Poemsincluded revised texts of those poems and several new ones. Each version of the poems spoke more directly on the context of the English Civil War. Pulter's poems construe Broadfield as a place of unwelcome isolation: she describes herself as 'shut up in a country grange', 'tied to one habitation', and 'buried, thus, alive'. Philips's poetry was first printed in 1664, her state-political poems, on members of the royal family and events of the Civil War, Interregnum, and Restoration, suggest Philips as a poet writing on matters of political significance. Cavendish's two major editions of Poems and Fancies in 1653 and 1664 each have strongly competing claims both to textual authority and to the more resonant political moment. Across poetry and prose, print and manuscript, Hutchinson's writing bears the marks of her fervent hostility to corrupt rulers and her remarkably broad education, adventurous reading habits, and energetic intellect.
from the revolutionary years with a stable notion of what Irish
democracy was or should be.
This observation sits uneasily aside most of the literature
on the coming of democracy in the Free State, in which there is often an
assumption that some combination of the Treaty, the
constitution, and the end of the civilwar consolidated Irish democracy.
The Free State is touted as one of the few states
Battlefields, burials and the English CivilWars
Battlefields, burials and the
he idea that ‘military care’ extends beyond death to the treatment of the
war dead is not new, though the forms it has taken have varied over time.
Roger Boyle’s 1677 military treatise advised a victorious general to look after
the wounded and prisoners, and see ‘his Dead honourably buried’. Similar
ideas can be found in a number of sixteenth-century military manuals, and
can be traced back at least as far as the Graeco-Roman world.1
The English CivilWar (1642-6)
The increasing involvement of the public in both politics and
warfare since the Reformation partly reflected and partly caused
the growth of propaganda. In England in the 1640s it exploded
into full scale civilwar, or the Great Rebellion as it was known.
Professor Kamen again:
The situation had to be faced: revolutionary propaganda was more than
an exercise in persuasion; it frequently reflected genuine popular attitudes,
it was committed not to the support of established parties but to the
questioning of all authority
Democratic and Republican Party candidates, Barack Obama and John McCain, both listed For Whom the Bell Tolls among their favourite novels, their literary tastes highlighting the enduring appeal of Ernest Hemingway’s Spanish CivilWar epic, at least in the US. (Keller, 2008 ) The novel was first published in 1940, and Paramount Pictures released a cinema adaptation in 1943. An analysis of the film and its transition from page to screen forms the main part of this chapter. 1 As background to this analysis, and in order to highlight the changing nature of US cinematic
with generating manpower were far
from over. Recent historiography has emphasised the fluidity and
contingency of CivilWar allegiance, with one historian suggesting that
it ‘might be better to think in terms of the responses to
particular mobilisations rather than a fixed allegiance to one of two
Allegiance was something that needed to be constantly maintained and
This article considers how the reburial and commemoration of the human remains of the
Republican defeated during the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) is affected by the social,
scientific and political context in which the exhumations occur. Focusing on a particular
case in the southwestern region of Extremadura, it considers how civil society groups
administer reburial acts when a positive identification through DNA typing cannot be
attained. In so doing, the article examines how disparate desires and memories come
together in collective reburial of partially individuated human remains.
The advent of the CivilWar in 1642 saw all restrictions lifted from the printing presses and a wealth of popular political material appeared as the variety of factions that started to develop – Presbyterians, Levellers, Diggers, Royalists, Anabaptists, Quakers, Muggletonians and so on – published their own works free from the fear of censorship.
Central control had disappeared over publishing and, consequently, from the political world. If opposition to the king was more or less united in