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Representing naval manhood in the British Empire, 1870–1918
Author: Mary A. Conley

The later nineteenth century was a time of regulation and codification, which was part of the Victorian search for reliability and respectability. This book examines the intersection between empire, navy, and manhood in British society from 1870 to 1918. It sheds light upon social and cultural constructions of working-class rather than elite masculinities by focusing on portrayals of non-commissioned naval men, the 'lower deck', rather than naval officers. Through an analysis of sources that include courts-martial cases, sailors' own writings, and the HMS Pinafore, the book charts new depictions of naval manhood during the Age of Empire. It was a period of radical transformation of the navy, intensification of imperial competition, democratisation of British society, and advent of mass culture. The book argues that popular representations of naval men increasingly reflected and informed imperial masculine ideals in Victorian and Edwardian Britain. It explains how imperial challenges, technological changes and domestic pressures transformed the navy and naval service from the wake of the Crimean War to the First World War. How female-run naval philanthropic organisations domesticated the reputation of naval men by refashioning the imagery of the drunken debauched sailor through temperance and evangelical campaigns is explained. The naval temperance movement was not singular in revealing the clear class dimensions in the portrayal of naval manhood. The book unveils how the British Bluejacket as both patriotic defender and dutiful husband and father stood in sharp contrast to the stereotypic image of the brave but bawdy tar of the Georgian navy.

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The native volunteer movement, 1885–86
Mrinalini Sinha

, constituted a challenge to both the racial and class dimensions of the strategies of colonial rule. Indeed, in so far as the politics of colonial masculinity rearticulated simultaneously the racial and class dimensions of martial traditions, it ultimately recuperated the challenge to colonial rule represented by the native volunteer movement. The history of an intersecting racial and class dimension

in Colonial masculinity
Social mobility, heroism and naval manhood
Mary A. Conley

The naval temperance movement was not singular in revealing the clear class dimensions in the portrayal of naval manhood. A significant component in constructing gendered identities in their lived and hegemonic forms, class influenced most distinctly the complexion of gender and manliness in Victorian Britain and empire. 1 Analysing the class implications of representing

in From Jack Tar to Union Jack
Author: Luke de Noronha

Deporting Black Britons provides an ethnographic account of deportation from the UK to Jamaica. It traces the painful stories of four men who were deported after receiving criminal convictions in the UK. For each of the men, all of whom had moved to the UK as children, deportation was lived as exile – from parents, partners, children and friends – and the book offers portraits of survival and hardship in both the UK and Jamaica. Based on over four years of research, Deporting Black Britons describes the human consequences of deportation, while situating deportation stories within the broader context of policy, ideology, law and violence. It examines the relationship between racism, criminalisation and immigration control in contemporary Britain, suggesting new ways of thinking about race, borders and citizenship in these anti-immigrant times. Ultimately, the book argues that these stories of exile and banishment should orient us in the struggle against violent immigration controls, in the UK and elsewhere.

Declan Long

sectarian attachments to territory, but the terms on which new definitions of community and new articulations of citizenship might be founded are being rapidly set through the imposition of consumerist models of identity drawn-​up in multi-​national corporate contexts. (In some ways, we can argue that the class dimensions of this ‘troubled society’, too-​often underplayed, are becoming visible in new and unexpected ways.) Today, artists have often been among those who have sought to create spaces of alternative questioning with regard to the conditions of subjectivity and

in Ghost-haunted land
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Penny Summerfield and Corinna Peniston-Bird

gender difference while questioning the Home Guard’s role in the war effort. The location of Home Guards in the all-male venue of the pub reinforced the message. The class dimensions of those depictions should not be overlooked: they contributed to the construction of the Home Guard as a ‘people’s army’, though without the radical implications of that term. John Tosh has observed, for an earlier period, that the middle-class conceptualisation of men of the lower classes as skivers who got drunk, abused their wives and assaulted each other served to confirm middle 274

in Contesting home defence
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Neville Kirk

-class males, especially in Britain, there has been far less published interest in the gendered, racialised, non-urban and cross-class dimensions and limitations of that appeal. Similarly, while Labour’s progressive nationalism has figured prominently in parts of the relevant British literature concerned with politics in the 1940s, especially in relation to the 1945 election, and in the Australian literature for the same decade and the Whitlam government, 1972–75, nevertheless, it has been generally either underplayed or

in Labour and the politics of Empire
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John M. Mackenzie

new romantic treatment of the Indian Empire, and the famous outburst of jingoism of 1878. 23 Patriotism became the ‘key component of the ideological apparatus of the imperialist state’. It also became a vital counterweight to class consciousness, ‘a half-accepted false consciousness’ for the working classes. A very considerable debate has indeed raged around the class dimensions of the late

in Propaganda and Empire
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Liam Stanley

irony to these trends and lifestyle changes: this romanticisation of austerity is only available to people with sufficient resources to choose them, those who are probably some way away from experiencing the rise of food insecurity or facing the brunt of spending cuts. These class dimensions were made clear enough by a contribution to a 2009 BBC Radio 4 documentary on thrift, whereby this new trend means: almost being embarrassed of over consumption. Sitting at a dinner party and people apologising

in Britain alone
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Manliness and the home
Joanne Begiato

works popularised in engravings.72 Nineteenth-century rustic genre paintings took viewers beyond the cottage door into its interior, depicting happy families celebrating the recent arrival of the father. Historians of art and print have explored their numerous meanings. As Christiana Payne demonstrates, they appealed to their urban middle-class audiences’ fear of social unrest and nostalgia for an imagined rural past, in which the lower classes were happy, deferential, pious, and unthreatening.73 Brian Maidment considers the class dimensions of the returning artisan

in Manliness in Britain, 1760–1900