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The visualisation of environmental issues by the far right in India
Mukul Sharma

environmental communication of the Organiser , representing Hindutva, and how does it construct ideal Indian subjects, in relation to ‘others’, mother earth and the fatherland? How do Hindu nationalists visualise the role of science, technology, climate change and renewable energy in representing a great awakening of the motherland? And what are the specific characteristics of the far-right environmental politics in India, which are different from the West? In responding to these questions, this chapter offers an analysis of 250 issues (roughly fifty each

in Visualising far-right environments
Common problem, varying strategies

Multinational corporations are not merely the problem in environmental concerns, but could also be part of the solution. The oil industry and climate change provide the clearest example of how the two are linked; what is less well known is how the industry is responding to these concerns. This book presents a detailed study of the climate strategies of ExxonMobil, Shell and Statoil. Using an analytical approach, the chapters explain variations at three decision-making levels: within the companies themselves, in the national home-bases of the companies and at an international level. The analysis generates policy-relevant knowledge about whether and how corporate resistance to a viable climate policy can be overcome. The analytical approach developed by this book is also applicable to other areas of environmental degradation where multinational corporations play a central role.

Coherence, leadership and the ‘greening’ of development
Simon Lightfoot

12 Climate change and the Africa–EU Strategy: coherence, leadership and the ‘greening’ of development Simon Lightfoot At a 2007 African Union (AU) Summit, Uganda’s president, Yoweri Museveni, declared climate change an ‘act of aggression by the rich world against the poor one – and demanded compensation’ (The Economist, 2007). As a continent, Africa is extremely vulnerable to climate change in its major economic sectors, with the vulnerability being ‘exacerbated’ by the development challenges faced on the continent (Boko et al., 2007; Stern, 2006). As the

in The European Union in Africa
Celeste Hicks

’s climate ambition which took place from 2018–19, in part inspired by the commitments which it had entered into under the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement on climate change Climate change, or global warming as it was first called, is a global problem. No one country can deal with it alone. Humans have known about the dangers of releasing large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere for a long time. Scientists first began to study the carbon cycle in the late nineteenth century. Their work began the

in Expansion rebellion
Andrea J. Nightingale

time and space consolidate and allow for an analysis of political, material, policy, and cultural change simultaneously (Tzaninis et al., 2021 ). In this chapter, I take up the idea that material relations are co-emergent with social political dynamics and use this framing to look at risks from climate change, and also how to create new openings for deliberative politics around

in Turning up the heat
Kate Wilkinson Cross
Pefi Kingi

not just discussion of ambition. Action must be taken in our region, and internationally, to support clean, healthy, and productive oceans, the sustainable management, use and conservation of marine resources, growth in the blue economy and address the impacts of climate change on ocean health. Kainaki

in Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship
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This book explains the direct link between the structure of the corporation and its limitless capacity for ecological destruction. It argues that we need to find the most effective means of ending the corporation’s death grip over us. The corporation is a problem, not merely because it devours natural resources, pollutes and accelerates the carbon economy. As this book argues, the constitutional structure of the corporation eradicates the possibility that we can put the protection of the planet before profit. A fight to get rid of the corporations that have brought us to this point may seem an impossible task at the moment, but it is necessary for our survival. It is hardly radical to suggest that if something is killing us, we should over-power it and make it stop. We need to kill the corporation before it kills us.

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An epistemography of climate change

This book is a detailed exploration of the working practices of a community of scientists whose work was questioned in public, and of the making of scientific knowledge about climate change in Scotland. For four years, the author joined these scientists in their sampling expeditions into the Caledonian forests, observed their efforts in the laboratory to produce data from wood samples, and followed their discussions of a graph showing the fluctuations of the Scottish temperature over the past millennium in conferences, workshops and peer-review journals. This epistemography of climate change is of broad social and academic relevance – both for its contextualised treatment of a key contemporary science, and for its original formulation of a methodology for investigating and writing about expertise.

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Urban political ecology for a climate emergency

Urban political ecology (UPE) has been conceptually influential and empirically robust, however the field has mainly focused on the way cities are metabolically linked and networked with resource flows and ecological processes. Currently, in the face of climate change challenges, scholars working on UPE are taking the field in new directions: from expanding the field of enquiry to include more than human actors, to shifting the geographical focus to overlooked peripheries, the Global South or the suburbs. Although cities are framed by the New Urban Agenda, adopted by the UN Habitat 2016, as central actors, the very ontological status of cities is also questioned, with important implications for UPE. We argue that in order to answer these emerging questions we need renewed, qualified, conceptually robust and empirically substantiated research that does not come from already privileged vintage points or geographical locations. This book launches an inquiry into a UPE better informed by situated knowledges; an embodied UPE, that puts equal attention to the role of more than -human ontologies and processes of capital accumulation. The book aims to extend UPE analysis to new places and perspectives. As discussions regarding the environment are now dominated by policy makers, planners and politicians, it is more crucial than ever, we argue to maintain a critical engagement with mainstream policy and academic debates.

How we avoid insight from others

Why do people and groups ignore, deny and resist knowledge about society’s many problems? In a world of ‘alternative facts’, ‘fake news’, and ‘fact resistance’ that some believe could be remedied by ‘factfulness’ or ‘enlightenment’, the question has never been more pressing. Following years of ideologically polarised debates on this topic, the book seeks to further advance our understanding of the phenomenon of knowledge resistance by integrating insights from the social, economic, and evolutionary sciences. In current debates and studies, several vital factors are downplayed: that all people and institutions – even science – occasionally resist knowledge while calling their resistance ‘scepticism’, that knowledge resistance is not always irrational, that facts don’t equal truth, and that knowledge claims continuously need to be re-evaluated. Ignoring such key factors undermines the chances of reducing problematic knowledge resistance. Examples used in the book include controversies over climate change, the roots of violence, gender roles, religion, child-rearing, vaccination, genetically modified food, and artificial intelligence. In addition to accessible discussion of the scholarly literature and media sources, in-depth interviews with other renowned human scientists in the UK about their perspectives on knowledge resistance contribute to understanding this intriguing phenomenon. Moreover, the author shares his personal experiences of cultural clashes between different knowledge claims. The book is written for the educated public, students, and scholars interested in how people and groups handle knowledge controversies, and how such disputes can be resolved in the service of better managing the urgent social, environmental, and health-related problems of today.