How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be
Benjamin J. Spatz
Alex de Waal
not rise to the minimum number of people required by IPC analysis.
A notable exception is Madagascar, which is currently experiencing acute food
insecurity driven by the climatecrisis.
This is how conflict is labelled by most contemporary humanitarian
information/analysis systems, for example the Integrated Food Security Phase
Cormac McCarthy: a complexity theory of literature examines McCarthy’s works as a case study demonstrating how literary texts can make chaotic and complex systems imaginable. This book offers the first sustained analysis of McCarthy’s literary engagement with complex systems, from food webs to evolutionary economics. Focusing on McCarthy’s depiction of the role of economics and art on global inequality and eco-disaster, it argues that McCarthy’s works offer a case study in the role of literature in challenging us to imagine the consequences of our world’s unmaking, and to recognize what creativity and ethos is needed to make it again in the ‘very maelstrom of its undoing.’
Sheep have been closely associated with humans for at least 10,000 years, but despite their ubiquity and association with agro-pastoral cultural landscapes, they are poorly represented in both poetry and in critical readings of pastoral texts. This book addresses that omission by applying concepts from the still emerging field of animal studies to an ecologically focused reading of poetry referencing sheep. The distinction between wild and domesticated species is called into question, with particular attention to Tim Ingold’s ideas about how hunters and pastoralists differ in the relations they have with animals. Pastoral literature is compared with what pastoralism means in agriculture and how it can produce landscapes with a high nature value. Poetry from the upland sheep-farming areas of western Britain is read from the viewpoint of the animal turn. The sheep-breeding practices of Dorset and Devon are explored through the poetry of Ted Hughes and Kay Syrad. Sheep and sheep keeping have been heavily involved in emigration of people, sheep and agricultural practice to the settler colonies, so readings of a small selection of poems from the USA and New Zealand are included to open the important topic of postcolonial reading of sheep poetry. The final chapter opens the question of whether sheep and poets have a future as the crisis deepens. The book makes a contribution to the literature of animal studies and ends with the question of whether the ethical case for a vegan lifestyle and low emissions means that the whole species is destined for extinction.
Today, in many countries what is viewed as ‘credible’ economic knowledge stems from academic economics. The discipline of academic economics is based in universities across the world that employ economists who produce research that is published in academic journals and educate students who then go into government, businesses, and think tanks. Through the book’s authors’ and contributors’ experiences of economics education, and as part of the international student movement Rethinking Economics, it argues that academic economics in its current state does not provide people with the knowledge that we need to build thriving economies that allows everyone to flourish wherever they are from in the world, and whatever their racialised identity, gender or socioeconomic background. The consequences of this inadequate education links to modern economies being a root cause of systemic racism and sexism, socioeconomic inequality, and the ecological crisis. When economies are rooted in a set of principles that values whiteness, maleness and wealth, we should not be surprised by the inequalities that show up. Structural inequalities need systemic change, change that infiltrates through every level of the system, otherwise we risk reproducing and deepening them. This book makes the case that in order to reclaim economics it is necessary to diversify, decolonise and democratise how economics is taught and practised, and by whom. It calls on everyone to do what we can to reclaim economics for racial justice, gender equality and future generations.
rapid climate change forces us to
rethink the story we tell ourselves. 5 How
will we find our way out of this climatecrisis? This question brings us to the second reason
that focusing solely on a narrowly numerical climate target, however necessary, may not
Mike Hulme suggests that these targets overlook the fact that we humans need
stories about the past and the future that we can believe in. That future can’t be
grasped by an abstract numerical target like 350 ppm (or carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
follow his example – let alone that they’d want to.
Millions of people are sincerely looking for solutions to the climatecrisis, but it’s hard to imagine we will find an easy way. At sea, I may not have
found the solution. Being out there, with fourteen fellow sailors, I started realising just
how large and utterly complex the issue is. Sailing for such a long time, exposed to the
elements and moving but at the whim of the winds reminded me of our individual
insignificance, our smallness. Our powerlessness in the face of the
ice. Even fewer studies critically evaluate the way individuals and groups deploy ice as an object and icon, which is usually in rather one-dimensional ways that sound the climate alarm and lament lost ice without tackling root drivers of the climatecrisis or addressing how the making of glacier icons can itself alter the politics and control of icy spaces, as some have noted (e.g. Bravo, 2009, 2017 ; Bjørst, 2010 ; Kaijser, 2013 ; Sörlin, 2015 ; Carey et al ., 2016 ; Dodds, 2021 ). Examining glacier-saving discussions and discourse through the ice
Travel and talk in the age of pandemics and extinction
) serve to remind us – through their mad flights of fantasy – that hitchhiking provides an empathic litmus test of the cooperative reality of a region, a country, a globe. Perhaps it was instructive that one of the books in Ruairí's backpack was Man's search for meaning, by Holocaust survivor Viktor Frankl, whose belief in the power of recovery through trying to make sense of even the direst of human circumstances has nurtured many back from despair.
It would not be a bad book to be reading now, in a pandemic and climatecrisis, a reminder perhaps
or responsibility (although I will discuss the connected
issues of liability and impunity in more detail in chapters 1 and 3), but just in a practical sense. Dealing with
the fallout of industrial production and consumption
means taking the role that the major producers and
consumers play in all of this seriously. The central role
played by the corporation is of crucial importance to
the dynamics of the climatecrisis and the ecocide that
the planet faces. Yet we persist in allowing all of the
substances and industrial processes that are threatening the
Almost everything you consume, from your weekly supermarket trip to the presents you order online, arrives by cargo ship. Shipping is the engine of the world economy, transporting eleven billion tonnes of goods each year. Despite the clear environmental crisis, shipping emissions have doubled since 1990 to more than one billion tonnes of CO2 – more than aviation, more than all of Germany, or even France, Britain, and Italy combined. As the shipping industry is forecast to grow threefold by 2050, full decarbonisation is urgent to limit catastrophic climate change. To understand whether there are any realistic alternatives to the polluting status quo of the container shipping industry, in 2020, Christiaan De Beukelaer spent 150 days as part of a sailing crew aboard the Avontuur, a century-old two-masted schooner fitted for cargo. This book recounts both this personal odyssey and the journey the shipping industry is embarking on to cut its carbon emissions. It shows that the Avontuur’s mission remains as crucial as ever: the shipping industry needs to cut its use of fossil fuels as soon as possible. Otherwise, we will face excessive global warming and the dire outcomes that will bring. The book explores our path to an uncertain future. It argues that shipping symbolises the kind of economy we’ve built: a gargantuan global machine that delivers the goods at an enormous environmental cost. Merely eliminating carbon emissions or improving efficiency won’t solve the underlying issue. If we can’t make shipping truly sustainable, we can’t solve the climate crisis.