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How IPC Data is Communicated through the Media to Trigger Emergency Responses
François Enten

. Madagascar 2021: From Silent Crisis to Climate Crisis The Grand Sud in Madagascar, the rural populations of which depend on subsistence agriculture and zebu breeding, has remained ‘on the sidelines of development’ ( Morlat and Castellanet, 2012 ). Suffering from a lack of accessibility, this poorest geographic area of the country is also affected by meteorological variations characterised by strong rainfall and spatial variability, resulting in chronic droughts and floods

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar
,
Benjamin J. Spatz
,
Alex de Waal
,
Christopher Newton
, and
Daniel Maxwell

not rise to the minimum number of people required by IPC analysis. 2 A notable exception is Madagascar, which is currently experiencing acute food insecurity driven by the climate crisis. 3 This is how conflict is labelled by most contemporary humanitarian information/analysis systems, for example the Integrated Food Security Phase

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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A complexity theory of literature
Author:

Cormac McCarthy: a complexity theory of literature examines McCarthy’s works as a case study demonstrating how literary texts can make chaotic and complex systems imaginable. This book offers the first sustained analysis of McCarthy’s literary engagement with complex systems, from food webs to evolutionary economics. Focusing on McCarthy’s depiction of the role of economics and art on global inequality and eco-disaster, it argues that McCarthy’s works offer a case study in the role of literature in challenging us to imagine the consequences of our world’s unmaking, and to recognize what creativity and ethos is needed to make it again in the ‘very maelstrom of its undoing.’

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Ecology, the animal turn and sheep in poetry

Sheep have been closely associated with humans for at least 10,000 years, but despite their ubiquity and association with agro-pastoral cultural landscapes, they are poorly represented in both poetry and in critical readings of pastoral texts. This book addresses that omission by applying concepts from the still emerging field of animal studies to an ecologically focused reading of poetry referencing sheep. The distinction between wild and domesticated species is called into question, with particular attention to Tim Ingold’s ideas about how hunters and pastoralists differ in the relations they have with animals. Pastoral literature is compared with what pastoralism means in agriculture and how it can produce landscapes with a high nature value. Poetry from the upland sheep-farming areas of western Britain is read from the viewpoint of the animal turn. The sheep-breeding practices of Dorset and Devon are explored through the poetry of Ted Hughes and Kay Syrad. Sheep and sheep keeping have been heavily involved in emigration of people, sheep and agricultural practice to the settler colonies, so readings of a small selection of poems from the USA and New Zealand are included to open the important topic of postcolonial reading of sheep poetry. The final chapter opens the question of whether sheep and poets have a future as the crisis deepens. The book makes a contribution to the literature of animal studies and ends with the question of whether the ethical case for a vegan lifestyle and low emissions means that the whole species is destined for extinction.

Today, in many countries what is viewed as ‘credible’ economic knowledge stems from academic economics. The discipline of academic economics is based in universities across the world that employ economists who produce research that is published in academic journals and educate students who then go into government, businesses, and think tanks. Through the book’s authors’ and contributors’ experiences of economics education, and as part of the international student movement Rethinking Economics, it argues that academic economics in its current state does not provide people with the knowledge that we need to build thriving economies that allows everyone to flourish wherever they are from in the world, and whatever their racialised identity, gender or socioeconomic background. The consequences of this inadequate education links to modern economies being a root cause of systemic racism and sexism, socioeconomic inequality, and the ecological crisis. When economies are rooted in a set of principles that values whiteness, maleness and wealth, we should not be surprised by the inequalities that show up. Structural inequalities need systemic change, change that infiltrates through every level of the system, otherwise we risk reproducing and deepening them. This book makes the case that in order to reclaim economics it is necessary to diversify, decolonise and democratise how economics is taught and practised, and by whom. It calls on everyone to do what we can to reclaim economics for racial justice, gender equality and future generations.

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Christiaan De Beukelaer

rapid climate change forces us to rethink the story we tell ourselves. 5 How will we find our way out of this climate crisis? This question brings us to the second reason that focusing solely on a narrowly numerical climate target, however necessary, may not work. Mike Hulme suggests that these targets overlook the fact that we humans need stories about the past and the future that we can believe in. That future can’t be grasped by an abstract numerical target like 350 ppm (or carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

in Trade winds
Christiaan De Beukelaer

follow his example – let alone that they’d want to. Millions of people are sincerely looking for solutions to the climate crisis, but it’s hard to imagine we will find an easy way. At sea, I may not have found the solution. Being out there, with fourteen fellow sailors, I started realising just how large and utterly complex the issue is. Sailing for such a long time, exposed to the elements and moving but at the whim of the winds reminded me of our individual insignificance, our smallness. Our powerlessness in the face of the

in Trade winds
What do they really save?
Mark Carey
,
Jordan Barton
, and
Sam Flanzer

ice. Even fewer studies critically evaluate the way individuals and groups deploy ice as an object and icon, which is usually in rather one-dimensional ways that sound the climate alarm and lament lost ice without tackling root drivers of the climate crisis or addressing how the making of glacier icons can itself alter the politics and control of icy spaces, as some have noted (e.g. Bravo, 2009, 2017 ; Bjørst, 2010 ; Kaijser, 2013 ; Sörlin, 2015 ; Carey et al ., 2016 ; Dodds, 2021 ). Examining glacier-saving discussions and discourse through the ice

in Ice humanities
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Anne-Meike Fechter

Why does all this matter? Everyday humanitarianism is just one example of people seeking to bring about social change. What drew me to their activities in the first place was a sense of exasperation: what was the point of the multitude of small gestures and seemingly minute interventions? This seemed especially pressing at this particular moment, where global challenges were not just long-entrenched, such as poverty and inequality, but the climate crisis was eminently time-sensitive. While there has long been the imperative to ‘think global

in Everyday humanitarianism in Cambodia
Travel and talk in the age of pandemics and extinction
Jonathan Purkis

) serve to remind us – through their mad flights of fantasy – that hitchhiking provides an empathic litmus test of the cooperative reality of a region, a country, a globe. Perhaps it was instructive that one of the books in Ruairí's backpack was Man's search for meaning, by Holocaust survivor Viktor Frankl, whose belief in the power of recovery through trying to make sense of even the direst of human circumstances has nurtured many back from despair. It would not be a bad book to be reading now, in a pandemic and climate crisis, a reminder perhaps

in Driving with strangers