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How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

not rise to the minimum number of people required by IPC analysis. 2 A notable exception is Madagascar, which is currently experiencing acute food insecurity driven by the climate crisis. 3 This is how conflict is labelled by most contemporary humanitarian information/analysis systems, for example the Integrated Food Security Phase

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Ecology, the animal turn and sheep in poetry

Sheep have been closely associated with humans for at least 10,000 years, but despite their ubiquity and association with agro-pastoral cultural landscapes, they are poorly represented in both poetry and in critical readings of pastoral texts. This book addresses that omission by applying concepts from the still emerging field of animal studies to an ecologically focused reading of poetry referencing sheep. The distinction between wild and domesticated species is called into question, with particular attention to Tim Ingold’s ideas about how hunters and pastoralists differ in the relations they have with animals. Pastoral literature is compared with what pastoralism means in agriculture and how it can produce landscapes with a high nature value. Poetry from the upland sheep-farming areas of western Britain is read from the viewpoint of the animal turn. The sheep-breeding practices of Dorset and Devon are explored through the poetry of Ted Hughes and Kay Syrad. Sheep and sheep keeping have been heavily involved in emigration of people, sheep and agricultural practice to the settler colonies, so readings of a small selection of poems from the USA and New Zealand are included to open the important topic of postcolonial reading of sheep poetry. The final chapter opens the question of whether sheep and poets have a future as the crisis deepens. The book makes a contribution to the literature of animal studies and ends with the question of whether the ethical case for a vegan lifestyle and low emissions means that the whole species is destined for extinction.

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A complexity theory of literature
Author: Lydia R. Cooper

Cormac McCarthy: a complexity theory of literature examines McCarthy’s works as a case study demonstrating how literary texts can make chaotic and complex systems imaginable. This book offers the first sustained analysis of McCarthy’s literary engagement with complex systems, from food webs to evolutionary economics. Focusing on McCarthy’s depiction of the role of economics and art on global inequality and eco-disaster, it argues that McCarthy’s works offer a case study in the role of literature in challenging us to imagine the consequences of our world’s unmaking, and to recognize what creativity and ethos is needed to make it again in the ‘very maelstrom of its undoing.’

Today, in many countries what is viewed as ‘credible’ economic knowledge stems from academic economics. The discipline of academic economics is based in universities across the world that employ economists who produce research that is published in academic journals and educate students who then go into government, businesses, and think tanks. Through the book’s authors’ and contributors’ experiences of economics education, and as part of the international student movement Rethinking Economics, it argues that academic economics in its current state does not provide people with the knowledge that we need to build thriving economies that allows everyone to flourish wherever they are from in the world, and whatever their racialised identity, gender or socioeconomic background. The consequences of this inadequate education links to modern economies being a root cause of systemic racism and sexism, socioeconomic inequality, and the ecological crisis. When economies are rooted in a set of principles that values whiteness, maleness and wealth, we should not be surprised by the inequalities that show up. Structural inequalities need systemic change, change that infiltrates through every level of the system, otherwise we risk reproducing and deepening them. This book makes the case that in order to reclaim economics it is necessary to diversify, decolonise and democratise how economics is taught and practised, and by whom. It calls on everyone to do what we can to reclaim economics for racial justice, gender equality and future generations.

What do they really save?
Mark Carey, Jordan Barton, and Sam Flanzer

ice. Even fewer studies critically evaluate the way individuals and groups deploy ice as an object and icon, which is usually in rather one-dimensional ways that sound the climate alarm and lament lost ice without tackling root drivers of the climate crisis or addressing how the making of glacier icons can itself alter the politics and control of icy spaces, as some have noted (e.g. Bravo, 2009, 2017 ; Bjørst, 2010 ; Kaijser, 2013 ; Sörlin, 2015 ; Carey et al ., 2016 ; Dodds, 2021 ). Examining glacier-saving discussions and discourse through the ice

in Ice humanities
Travel and talk in the age of pandemics and extinction
Jonathan Purkis

) serve to remind us – through their mad flights of fantasy – that hitchhiking provides an empathic litmus test of the cooperative reality of a region, a country, a globe. Perhaps it was instructive that one of the books in Ruairí's backpack was Man's search for meaning, by Holocaust survivor Viktor Frankl, whose belief in the power of recovery through trying to make sense of even the direst of human circumstances has nurtured many back from despair. It would not be a bad book to be reading now, in a pandemic and climate crisis, a reminder perhaps

in Driving with strangers
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Corporate ecocide
David Whyte

apportioning “blame” or responsibility (although I will discuss the connected issues of liability and impunity in more detail in chapters 1 and 3), but just in a practical sense. Dealing with the fallout of industrial production and consumption means taking the role that the major producers and consumers play in all of this seriously. The central role played by the corporation is of crucial importance to the dynamics of the climate crisis and the ecocide that the planet faces. Yet we persist in allowing all of the substances and industrial processes that are threatening the

in Ecocide
Hitchhiking and the increasing levels of trust in the world
Jonathan Purkis

Hitchhiking and the Fall! Everyone has a theory about why hitchhiking declined in many parts of the world, from the practical to the conspiratorial. Some of these speculations have been facilitated by the concurrent rise of litigation culture and the globalisation of the media. The roadside realities are the massive increase in private car ownership and cheaper public transport which has impacted on the capacity of hitchhiking to continue from one generation to another. The narrative of declining trust, often linked to nostalgia, belies a more pronounced and positive democratic shift within societies rather than the reverse, largely down to the emergence of new social movements and critiques of power that have emerged in the last half century. The chapter suggests that trust ties have become stronger in a global age and that the kind of trust underpinning hitchhiking can be seen in many local transport or hospitality organisations outside the formal economic sector. The millennial generation, responding to the climate crisis, are better placed to see this than the baby-boomer generation, and the renewed interest in hitchhiking through global television series such as Peking Express, the ongoing realities of hitchhiking in Cuba and the rise of 'casual carpooling' in the USA suggest a more positive future for trust relations.

in Driving with strangers

In this final chapter, we turn to the future. It is quite clear to us, as it was to Joelle Gamble whose story we heard at the start of this book, that we are living in a world of multiple and interrelated crises – whether it’s the wildfires, rising sea levels, ocean acidification and droughts of the climate crisis, or the Covid pandemic

in Reclaiming economics for future generations
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Lydia R. Cooper

bones of the dead and cultish vogues that no longer have any rooting in the lives of people. Then, self-consciously, McCarthy writes, ‘Well great God who is this curmudgeon.’ 1 Certainly, it seems curmudgeonly to mourn the rarity of ‘excellence in letters’ now, in an age so rich with vibrant literature, but McCarthy’s more generalized anxiety about the relevance of literature resonates. In a world of climate crisis, disease, wealth inequality, and warfare, the relevance of science to daily life seems apparent in a way in which literary fiction may not. However

in Cormac McCarthy