This essay examines the proliferation of visual representations of Robert Louis Stevenson‘s Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886), considering the question of what links contemporary (Scottish?) Gothic to its problematic origins. After a survey of cinematic and graphic adaptations, the essay focuses on Steven Moffatt‘s Jekyll (BBC, 2007), which combines the post-Darwinian anxieties surrounding Stevensons tale of human regression with a much more contemporary interrogation of the ‘human’ against the backdrop of complex globalised scientific conspiracies. Significantly, the production draws on the Scottish origin of the text, re-proposing the question of (national) identity and authenticity against the threat of globalisation.
‘The Gothic Aesthetics of Eminem’ examines key videos, lyrics, and performances of the white hip-hop celebrity, noting the reoccurrence of such Gothic tropes and narrational strategies as self-replication, the spectacle of monstrous proliferation, the spread of fakery and the counterfeit, as well as the abjection of women. The authors compare Stoker‘s Dracula to Eminem, whose cultural menace similarly functions to proselytise white young men into clones, refracting the racial and sexual anxieties of Stoker‘s novel. The article moves from a consideration of the rapper‘s songs and videos ‘My Name Is’, ‘The Real Slim Shady,’ and ‘Stan’ to the film, 8 Mile.
A Recombinant Pygmalion for the Twenty-First Century
As a gothic iteration of Ovid‘s Pygmalion myth, the television show ‘Dark Angel’ demonstrates how anxiety over the laboratory creation of people persists in popular culture. The paper looks through the lenses of media representation of cloning, complexity theory‘s trope of iteration, and gothic literary criticism, first to analyze Dark Angels heroine as a gothic version of Pygmalion‘s statue. It goes on to explore some of the implications of rewriting sculptor/lover Pygmalion into Dark Angels Donald Lydecker and Logan Cale, before examining the first season in its entirety. The analysis ends on a short exploration of some interactions between the show and the popular culture that produces and consumes it.
sterile, while A ton image deals with the issues of cloning and incest.
However, the fascination of Lambrichs’s novels lies less with the medical
issues than in the psychological perspective she adopts. Her work persistently explores the creative possibilities inherent in our psychic resources –
the way that unconscious mental life conjures up both convoluted resolutions and swift, brutally annihilating breakdowns in the aftermath of traumatic experience. Memory and dream dominate Lambrichs’s work as she
explores the mind’s ability to reorder and retell
derisively. ‘You can’t copy bodies
– yet.’ 62
At the same time as the
development of a postmodern aesthetic has further heightened the
self-conscious reflexivity of the Doppelgänger tradition,
technological advances, as Baz’s final remark indicates, have
given it a new idiom within which to work. Cloning technology, a staple
Wanderground (1979).2 A final one may be less
familiar, but none the less shares the earlier fiction’s concerns: Nicola
Griffith’s Ammonite (1993). All of these novels present emphatically nonheterosexual – and arguably all lesbian – worlds that are none the less
organised around forms of biological and social reproduction that,
crucially, are about replication, repetition and continuation, or else about
keeping things the same, sometimes even in the form of human cloning.
In this chapter, I explore these fictions and argue that they help us to
see the conflation and
Embryo research, cloning, assisted conception, neonatal care, saviour siblings, organ transplants, drug trials – modern developments have transformed the field of medicine almost beyond recognition in recent decades and the law struggles to keep up. In this highly acclaimed and very accessible book Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave provide an incisive survey of the legal situation in areas as diverse as fertility treatment, patient consent, assisted dying, malpractice and medical privacy. The sixth edition of this book has been fully revised and updated to cover the latest cases, from assisted dying to informed consent; legislative reform of the NHS, professional regulation and redress; European regulations on data protection and clinical trials; and legislation and policy reforms on organ donation, assisted conception and mental capacity. Essential reading for healthcare professionals, lecturers, medical and law students, this book is of relevance to all whose perusal of the daily news causes wonder, hope and consternation at the advances and limitations of medicine, patients and the law.
fundamental human rights, such as the right to science and to health.
There is another aspect worth noting: the case of drug prohibition is
illustrative of how at times rules and laws, particularly restrictive ones, are
based on dogma or on unsubstantiated fears (as happened in the case of
Galileo), and fail to take into consideration the scientific evidence available,
rather than being grounded, as they should be, on a dispassionate analysis
of the issues at stake. This method of regulation is not confined to psychoactive substances; cloning and assisted fertilisation, to
-created gametes or human
cloning). Gamete donation and surrogacy bring about challenges that many
legislatures are still trying to sort out. Changes brought about by such
innovations are increasingly hard to reconcile with still pervasive nuclear
family expectations in ethics and regulation. If not so long ago, legal
parenting at least approximately mirrored genetic parentage (one female
mother and one male father, preferably married to each other), the diversification of genetic parentage itself, alongside a host of other sociocultural
changes, pushes the model further into