What happens when Chaucer turns up where we don’t expect him to be? Transporting Chaucer draws on the work of the British sculptor Antony Gormley alongside more traditional literary scholarship to show that Chaucer’s play with textual history and chronological time prefigures how his poetry becomes incorporate with later (and earlier) texts. The shuttling of bodies, names, and sounds in and amongst works that Chaucer did write anticipates Chaucerian presences in later (and earlier) works that he did not. Chaucer’s characters, including ‘himself’ refuse to stay put in one place and time. This book bypasses the chronological borders of literary succession to read The Canterbury Tales and Chaucer’s Dream Vision poetry in present company with Chaucerian ‘apocrypha’, and works by Shakespeare, Davenant and Dryden. Conventional models of source and analogue study are re-energised to reveal unexpected (and sometimes unsettling) literary cohabitations and re-placements. Transporting Chaucer presents innovative readings of relationships between medieval texts and early modern drama, and between literary texts and material culture. Associations between medieval architecture, pilgrim practice, manuscript illustration, and the soundscapes of dramatic performance reposition how we read Chaucer’s oeuvre and what gets made of it. Written for scholars and students (undergraduate and graduate) who work in medieval English literary studies and early modern drama, Transporting Chaucer offers a new approach to how we encounter texts through time.

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are s­upplied either from the tales that they themselves are about to narrate and/ or from those already yet to be told by their fellow ­pilgrims. In some instances, visual details have no obvious cue from any textual detail in The Canterbury Tales. They would appear to be the creative response of the illustrator and/or his supervisor.55 While previous studies have explored the illustrated pilgrims through codicology, through costume and through props, so far no systematic attention has been paid to the pilgrims’ hands.56 The provision of horses for all the pilgrims

in Transporting Chaucer
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Northumberland bodies unbound

Through examination of codicology and editorial procedure Chapter Two shows how The Canterbury Interlude and The Tale of Beryn (companion texts found two thirds of the way through MS Northumberland 455), upset chronological linearity and confound normative co-ordinates of time and place. The signs of personhood (especially props and names) in all these texts, and the Anglo-Norman source, Bérinus are radically unstable. In their Canterbury setting, narrated by a Merchant pilgrim, preceded by a Chaucerian Prologue, and in the midst of a codex of The Canterbury Tales, the foreign bodies of Bérinus become persons rather familiar from the works of Chaucer, especially Gioffrey and the inconsistent cameo appearances of ‘Chaucer himself’. The borders of narrative text and literary history unravel.

in Transporting Chaucer
Telling stories from the Cavendish financial accounts

moment. Its pages of itemised records were reference points but the book, at the same time, served to capture and commemorate a particular representation of the Cavendish household. Ultimately, this analysis offers us a fresh viewpoint from which to survey the household and marriage of Sir William and Bess Cavendish: filtered through the perspective of the financial accounts. There has been no previous attempt to describe the codicology of this 1548–50 book of financial accounts; as a result, certain misconceptions have arisen over what it was for and who created and

in Bess of Hardwick

the Saint-Germain-des-Prés type, whereas the headings are written in mixed uncial, often in red. There are very few ligatures, and some abbreviations, most of which are ‘standard’. Usually a medial point denotes a short pause, and a semicolon a long one. There are no illustrations or decorated initials, and it seems that the text was corrected by a different (although very similar) hand shortly after it was copied. On account of its palaeography and codicology, it is possible to date the Brussels manuscript to the first third of the ninth century (c. 830), and to

in Religious Franks
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required the study of paleography, languages and codicology and so offered medieval studies a way to legitimate its own existence as a form of scientia . The subordination of interpretation to caritas has been widely criticised as assuming the reading that is to be produced before one even approaches the text to be interpreted. The totalising effects of such a circular hermeneutic have been laid out most

in Affective medievalism
Gawain in a Middle English miscellany

to release the host from a spell. This scenario has been dubbed ‘disenchantment by decapitation’ and occurs also in a slightly different guise in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.71 This dramatic part of the bargaining is missing from the version of Carle in the Brogyntyn manuscript in favour of what seems on the surface the much milder promise by the Carle not to continue in his ways.72 This difference is interesting in relation to the manuscript context of the Brogyntyn Carle, as I hope to demonstrate below. Codicology and the evidence for reading Reader

in Popular reading in English c. 1400–1600

: medicine, astrology, and written records’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 88:4 (2014), 595–625. 26 J. Le Neve, ‘Vindicta astrologiae judiciariae’, 1642, CML, fMS 1939.002. For a codicology, see M. S. Dawson, ‘The fate(s) of an astrological manuscript: Le Neve’s Vindication and MS. Ashmole 418’, Bodleian Library Record, 27:1 (2014), 105–12. DAWSON 9781526134486 PRINT.indd 60 16/04/2019 11:04 Nativities established 61 Le Neve routinely verified his clients’ nativities, and therefore the corresponding accuracy of his calculations, by assessing complexions and

in Bodies complexioned
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of these sources as artefacts in themselves. In order to maintain their basic bureaucratic processes, institutions used large ledgers, accounts, and letters, and these records represent the material record of administration and bureaucracy in the text they bear, their physicality, and the imperative of storage implied by their very survival into the present day. The idea of the book or text as a physical artefact from which cultural processes and attitudes can be inferred is well established in literature studies and codicology (the study

in An archaeology of lunacy
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. Toswell, ‘The Codicology of Anglo-Saxon Homiletic Manuscripts, Especially the Blickling Homilies’, in The Old English Homily: Precedent, Practice, and Appropriation , ed. Aaron J Kleist, Studies in the Early Middle Ages 17 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2007), pp. 209–26; Malcolm Godden, ‘The Millennium, Time, and History for the Anglo-Saxons’, in The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Religious Expectation and Social Change, 950–1050 , ed. Richard Landes, Andrew Gow, and David C. Van Meter (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), pp. 155–80, at pp. 156–8; and William Prideaux

in Between earth and heaven