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Martha Doyle

7 The nexus of resources, political opportunity structures and collective identities This penultimate chapter considers the implications of the findings discussed in Chapters 5 and 6 for our understanding of older people’s interest organisations and the collective action of older people. It relates these findings to the literature and topics addressed in Chapters 1 to 4. Adopting Tarrow’s (2011) suggestion to synthesise the examination of the subject of collective action, it explores the interaction of political opportunity structures, organisational resources

in The politics of old age
Nadia Kiwan

5 Collective identities and cultural communities? Introduction Chapter 4 examined some areas of the interviewees’ lives which are defined in terms of the ‘individualism pole’ of identity. It looked at how certain interviewees expressed their desire to participate in ‘society’ according to universalist principles. Also included in the analysis were those interviewees who could be described as wanting to ‘escape’ their communities of origin, whether the term ‘community’ is defined in cultural or in socio-economic terms. Still using the ‘triangle of identity’ as our

in Identities, discourses and experiences
Older people’s interest organisations and collective action in Ireland
Author: Martha Doyle

The politics of old age in the twenty-first century is contentious, encompassing ideological debates about how old age is conceptualised and the rights and welfare entitlements of individuals in later life. Synthesising key theoretical writings in political science, social/critical gerontology and cultural sociology, the book provides an insight into the complexity of older people’s identity politics, its relationship with age-based social policy and how the power of older people’s interest organisations, their legitimacy and existence remain highly contingent on government policy design, political opportunity structures and the prevailing cultural and socio-economic milieu. The book situates the discussion in the international context and outlines findings of an Irish case study which explores the evolution of older people’s interest organisation in Ireland from their inception in the mid-1990s to the end of the first decade of the twenty-first century. The book is essential reading for policymakers and organisations interested in ageing, policy and the political process and for students of ageing, social policy and political sociology.

Intercultural exchanges and the redefinition of identity in Hugo Hamilton’s Disguise and Hand in the Fire
Carmen Zamorano Llena

into which I had been conscripted as a child, forced to speak only Irish and German, wearing Aran Sweaters and Lederhosen, forbidden from speaking English. (Hamilton, 2004) This hybrid identity, though ridden with difficulties at a personal level, locates Hamilton in a strategically advantageous position from which to exert what Ronit Lentin, with reference to the Irish case, calls a ‘politics of interrogation’ of monological understandings of collective identity (2001). The main aim of this chapter is to analyse how in his two latest works of fiction, Disguise

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
Martha Doyle

environment movement, led political science scholars to shift their attention to the topic of collective action and the dynamics of interest group mobilisation, including their structural and resource dimensions. Subsequently attention shifted COLLECTIVE ACTION 11 towards the exploration of the influence which political opportunity structures wield on collective action and the examination of the notion of politicised collective identities. Discussions focusing on the organisation of political power from the seventeenth century up to the 1950s were generally dominated by

in The politics of old age
Open Access (free)
An interdisciplinary approach to the study of demand and its role in innovation

This book brings together a range of sociologists and economists to study the role of demand and consumption in the innovative process. Starting with a broad conceptual overview of ways that the sociological and economics literatures address issues of innovation, demand and consumption, it goes on to offer different approaches to the economics of demand and innovation through an evolutionary framework, before reviewing how consumption fits into evolutionary models of economic development. The book then looks at food consumption as an example of innovation by demand, including an examination of the dynamic nature of socially constituted consumption routines. It includes an analysis of how African Americans use consumption to express collective identity and discusses the involvement of consumers in innovation, focusing on how consumer needs may be incorporated in the design of high-tech products. It also argues for the need to build an economic sociology of demand that goes from micro-individual through to macro-structural features.

Abstract only
Martha Doyle

’s contemporaries, or create a subculture of old age. Instead, studies of older people’s ‘collective identity’ will need to give due consideration to a form of collective action which is conditioned by both the outcome of institutionalised and cultural systems, and closely connected with individual responses to, and perceptions of, the context in which older people find themselves. It is therefore not a politics separated from the dominant cultural milieu but one which is closely connected to it. The findings of this book suggest that institutional structures and the welfare

in The politics of old age
Directors and members
Martha Doyle

constituency which older people’s interest organisations seek to represent, how they strive to work with and represent this constituency and the factors which facilitate and inhibit this work. Focusing on the notion of collective identity or identity politics it also explores whether identity formation is consolidated or defined in older people’s interest organisations and the implications of this for the organisation of older people’s interests. The findings in this chapter emerge from the interviews and focus groups conducted with the directors, staff and members of ten

in The politics of old age
How African-Americans shape their collective identity through consumption
Virág Molnár and Michèle Lamont

7 Social categorisation and group identification: how African-Americans shape their collective identity through consumption Virág Molnár and Michèle Lamont This chapter analyses how a low-status group, black Americans, use consumption to express and transform their collective identity and acquire social membership, i.e. to signify and claim that they are full and equal members in their society. More broadly, we analyse the twin processes by which this group uses consumption to affirm for themselves their full citizenship and have others recognise them as such

in Innovation by demand
Cerwyn Moore

divide between culture and politics. In many ways stories interpenetrate these two realms – aided, as mentioned in Chapter 4, by the advent of the ‘picture economy’. Stories can be found in both myths and also in literature, and this chapter will explore how these narratives are formed, how they shape conflict and how they gave war meaning in Kosovo and Chechnya. In order to highlight the processes of interpenetration here, we turn to the issue of heroic stories, grounded in myths, which helped to polarise the Serbian and Russian sense of collective identity, and

in Contemporary violence