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Travellers in the text

This book traces a number of common themes relating to the representation of Irish Travellers in Irish popular tradition and how these themes have impacted on Ireland's collective imagination. A particular focus of the book is on the exploration of the Traveller as ‘Other’, an ‘Other’ who is perceived as both inside and outside Ireland's collective ideation. Frequently constructed as a group whose cultural tenets are in a dichotomous opposition to those of the ‘settled’ community, the book demonstrates the ambivalence and complexity of the Irish Traveller ‘Other’ in the context of a European postcolonial country. Not only have the construction and representation of Travellers always been less stable and ‘fixed’ than previously supposed, these images have been acted upon and changed by both the Traveller and non-Traveller communities as the situation has demanded. Drawing primarily on little-explored Irish language sources, the book demonstrates the fluidity of what is often assumed as reified or ‘fixed’. As evidenced in Irish-language cultural sources, the image of the Traveller is inextricably linked with the very concept of Irish identity itself. They are simultaneously the same and ‘Other’, and frequently function as exemplars of the hegemony of native Irish culture as set against colonial traditions.

Irish Travellers and the Questionnaire
Mícheál Ó hAodha

autonomous in nature and have the ability to ‘live their own lives’, form syntheses of all kinds and even engender new representations. It is important to do justice to the compelling and (often) ambivalent nature of collective ideation or imagery in a globalised world where emerging technologies ensure that images and representations can be transferred at incredible speed. The significance of new forms of communication has combined with a number of developing traditions in the social and human sciences to ensure the increased significance of the question of collective

in ‘Insubordinate Irish’