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The white woman in colonial India, c. 1820–1930
Author: Indrani Sen

This book explores colonial gendered interactions, with a special focus on the white woman in colonial India. It examines missionary and memsahibs' colonial writings, probing their construction of Indian women of different classes and regions, such as zenana women, peasants, ayahs and wet-nurses. The three groups of white women focused upon are memsahibs, missionaries and, to a certain extent, ordinary soldiers' wives. Among white women in colonial India, it was the female missionaries who undoubtedly participated most closely in the colonial 'civilising mission'. The book addresses through a scrutiny of the literary works written by 'New Indian Women', such as Flora Annie Steel. Cross-racial gendered interactions were inflected by regional diversities, and the complexity of the category of the 'native woman'. The colonial household was a site of tension, and 'the anxieties of colonial rule manifest themselves most clearly in the home'. The dynamics of the memsahib-ayah relationship were rooted in race/class hierarchies, domestic power structures and predicated on the superiority of the colonising memsahib. The book also examines colonial medical texts, scrutinising how they wielded authoritative power over vulnerable young European women through the power/knowledge of their medical directives. Colonial discourse sought to project the white woman's vulnerability to specific mental health problems, as well as the problem of addiction of 'barrack wives'. Giving voice to the Indian woman, the book scrutinises the fiction of the first generation of western-educated Indian women who wrote in English, exploring their construction of white women and their negotiations with colonial modernities.

Memsahibs, ayahs and wet-nurses
Indrani Sen

to render the colonial home, and especially the nursery, a contentious space. In fact, in this chapter what I hope to demonstrate is that the colonial household was a site of tension, and to demonstrate Kate Teltscher’s point that ‘the anxieties of colonial rule manifest themselves most clearly in the home’. 4 While the subject of the relationship between

in Gendered transactions
Open Access (free)
Postcolonial governance and the policing of family
Author: Joe Turner

Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.

Abstract only
James Whidden

The daily life of a colonial household was recorded in the memoirs of Penelope Lively, who was the daughter of a British business executive. Lively claimed the norms of a colonial household were those of Edwardian England, with all its emphasis upon convention and ordered relations between parent and child, master and mistress, mistress and domestic, to the exclusion of warm personal relationships. 26

in Egypt
Open Access (free)
Joe Turner

as a spectacle of white pleasure and entertainment, such as in one infamous image of the African Oil Nut factory workers (see figure 3). It is significant that Badagry was a major Atlantic slave point, home to Gberefu Island – ‘the point of no return’. As this photograph demonstrates, abolition did very little to alter such social relations. The structure of the white colonial household and the family album was equally paralleled in the everyday experiences and visual registers of colonised subjects who travelled to the metropole, as British subjects, or after 1947

in Bordering intimacy
Cultures of male servitude in the tropics, 1880s–1910s
Claire Lowrie

, as has been shown, while the ‘houseboy’ was a requisite part of every colonial household in Southeast Asia, in the Dutch East Indies and French Indochina, local Javanese and Vietnamese men served in this capacity while in Hong Kong, Singapore, the Philippines and Northern Australia, the houseboy was synonymous with Chinese men. While male servants tended to be the norm in many tropical colonies

in Masters and servants
The white woman’s health issues in colonial medical writings
Indrani Sen

tool of empire and colonial misogyny The colonial medical manual was thus an important category of writing which provides an insight into the manner in which male-authored discursive writings sought to admonish, discipline and control white women inside colonial households. Given the kind of significance that this genre possesses, however, it has surprisingly not received much

in Gendered transactions
Open Access (free)
Race, class, and poetry in a South American colony
Jason Rudy, Aaron Bartlett, Lindsey O'Neil, and Justin Thompson

’s position in northern Australia might help explain why the white Queensland unions were so vehement in their Sinophobia. More than Sydney or Melbourne, nineteenth-century Brisbane embodied Homi Bhabha’s sense of Australia as a place where ‘the nations of Europe and Asia meet’. 18 Between 1863 and 1904, according to Penelope Edmonds and Amanda Nettelbeck, 62,000 Pacific Islanders were imported to work ‘in Queensland sugarcane plantations, the pastoral sector and colonial households’. 19 Queensland enacted the first limit on Chinese immigration in 1877, decades before the

in Worlding the south
The connected histories of Darwin and Singapore, 1860s–1930s
Claire Lowrie

Borneo, Java, the Philippines, India, Northern Rhodesia and the Transvaal, a minimum of three, often six and sometimes up to fifteen servants were employed in elite white colonial households. Two to three servants were common in middle and working-class households. 111 By contrast, in Britain at the turn of the twentieth century in Britain, no more than five servants were employed in upper-class homes. At the conclusion of

in Masters and servants
Claire Lowrie

, Hong Kong and South Africa, historians have pointed to white women’s domesticating zeal and sexual anxieties about the proximity of male servants to white women, as key factors in the decline of male servants in these contexts. 2 This chapter undertakes a detailed examination of the virtual disappearance of Chinese ‘houseboys’ from colonial households in Darwin and Singapore from the 1910s to the 1930s

in Masters and servants