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European monarchies and overseas empires

Crowns and Colonies is a set of sixteen original essays by distinguished international scholars that explore the relationship between European monarchies and overseas empires. The essays argue that during much of the history of colonialism there existed a direct and important link between most colonial empires and the institutions of monarchy. The contributions, which encompass the British, French, Dutch, Italian and German empires, examine the constitutional role of the monarchs in overseas territories brought under their flag, royal prerogatives exercised in the empires, individual connections between monarchs and their colonial domains, such aspects of monarchical rule as royal tours and regalia, and the place of indigenous hereditary rulers in the colonial system. Several chapters also focus on the evolution of the Queen as Head of the Commonwealth and former British colonies.

François-Joseph Ruggiu

In 1765, the instructions given by the Secrétaire d’État de la Marine to the Comte d’Ennery and Président de Peynier, respectively governor and intendant of the island of Martinique, asserted: ‘One would be strangely misled in considering our colonies as provinces of France simply separated by the sea from the homeland.’ And the instructions continued: ‘They differ

in Crowns and colonies
Abstract only
Patrick O’Leary

lying four to a bed and had seen the town’s stinking burial pit, 26 and said in relation to India, ‘Perhaps the widespread misery which I had witnessed in Ireland, produced by similar conditions, had quickened my observation.’ 27 This attitude was consistent with his desire to move cultivators from overcrowded eastern parts of Punjab to the newly opened colonies. His Irish

in Servants of the empire
Robert Aldrich and Cindy McCreery

The word ‘empire’ conjures up both the idea of a dynastic lineage of emperors and empresses and the idea of a collection of conquered territories, particularly overseas colonies. Indeed, many colonial empires were ruled over by the crowned heads of metropolitan powers. Some of the Holy Roman Emperors in early modern Europe reigned over Spanish colonial possessions in the

in Crowns and colonies
Monarchy and Fascism in the Italian colonies
Alessandro Pes

during this period. This chapter will take an approach to the relationship between the King and Duce that has seldom been used. Fascism managed to take the place of the monarchy as the main political and symbolic reference point for Italians, but to what extent did it use the colonies and the empire of Italian East Africa to position itself above the royal house? Were the colonies – about which, it must be

in Crowns and colonies
Matthew P. Fitzpatrick

Kaiser’s predilection towards bombastic proclamations of militarist zeal, Wilhelm II’s notable lack of involvement in the management of the war in South-West Africa was indicative of his marginal role in German imperialism. The Kaiser’s prerogative power in the colonies The so-called Hunnenrede (‘Hun Speech’) of 1900 was the most infamous of Kaiser

in Crowns and colonies
Miles Taylor

been mothballed in 1948 after standing in Dublin for forty years – as preparations were under way for the commemoration of the bicentenary of the British establishment of a settlement in New South Wales. 3 What is true of Australia is true of the Commonwealth and the former colonies more generally. From beginning to end – from the 1780s when the Duke of Clarence (the future William IV) saw naval

in Crowns and colonies
Dividing the Crown in early colonial New South Wales, 1808–10
Bruce Baskerville

’ about it all? 2 What does an examination of great seals reveal about relationships between the Crown and the exercise of royal authority in settler colonies, and about the evolving relationships between British sovereigns, their viceregal representatives and loyal or rebellious subjects in overseas possessions at a crucial moment in British imperial history? The Great Seal of the

in Crowns and colonies
Monarchy and the consequences of republican India
H. Kumarasingham

carry out the declaration of war. The majority of the population of the Indian Empire was against the unilateral declaration of war committed by the King-Emperor’s representative, which nonetheless compelled thousands to fight in his name. The King in Ireland remained neutral throughout, while the King’s declaration in London of a state of war meant that colonies from Antigua to Zanzibar and from the

in Crowns and colonies
John Field

3 Labour colonies and public health As well as the unemployed, labour colonies were also directed towards those who could not work for other reasons. Large numbers of people with physical or mental disabilities or impairments found themselves in workhouses, often classed together – idiots, the feeble-minded, cripples, inebriates, or simply old1 – as incapable of earning a living in the open labour market. Increasingly, though, the workhouse was viewed as entirely inappropriate for these groups, whose vulnerability was seen as a legitimate basis for intervention

in Working men’s bodies