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Remembering the Ulster Special Constabulary at the National Memorial Arboretum
L. J. Armstrong

22 Commemorating bonds of Union: remembering the Ulster Special Constabulary at the National Memorial Arboretum L. J. Armstrong If you pass through the borderlands of Northern Ireland between Fivemiletown and Lisnaskea in County Fermanagh, in an area called Mullaghfad, you will find a church standing isolated in an empty landscape. The countryside here is now forested and largely uninhabited, but this church was once a focal point for the Protestant community who lived here until the 1950s, when the area was cleared for forestation. The church does not appear to

in The Northern Ireland Troubles in Britain
Joris Vandendriessche

6 Celebrating and commemorating The October meeting of 1893 was one of celebration in the Brussels Society of Medical and Natural Sciences. Professor Arsène Pigeolet, whose fiftieth anniversary as a member of the society was being celebrated, was the center of attention. It was the first event of this kind in the society’s history.1 Briefly retracing Pigeolet’s career, president Stiénon recalled how the Brussels University, the Academy of Medicine and many other institutions ‘had, each in their turn, opened their doors to you,’ but he also stressed that

in Medical societies and scientific culture in nineteenth-century Belgium
Anthony Gristwood

Pavilion of Navigation through to the Plaza del Futuro with its technopolis of the future. Simultaneously, one traversed space by travelling through a simulacrum of the world in the inner segment of the site (Avenida de Europa, Plaza de Américas, and so on), a journey which could be commemorated by the stamping of a facsimile passport. 52 Within this alternative cosmology the Spanish pavilion (the largest on the site) was centrally located at the hub of several axes: to the west was the Avenida de Europa, comprising the

in Imperial cities
Clara Duterme

Established during the Guatemalan Peace Process, the Oslo Accord contemplates the question of compensating the victims of internal armed conflict. Not only was this accord founded on the principles of victims rights, but it also intends to contribute to the democratic reconstruction of Guatemalan society through a process of recognition of victims status and memory – intended to have a reconciling function. The article focuses on the work of two organisations implementing the Oslo Accord and aims to analyse the discourses and practices of the local actors and their perception of the application of victims rights. Civil society actors and members of the National Compensation Programme demonstrate different approaches both in practical work and in representations of what is right. However, revendication of local cultural values is present in all actors discourse, revealing their ambiguous position in regard to state government.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Des O‘Rawe

This essay interweaves an analysis of Raymond Depardons short documentary film, 10 minutes de silence pour John Lennon (1980), with some broader reflections on time, cultural history, and silence. Shot in a single take, the film records the expressions, movements, and reactions of some of 200,000 mourners who gathered in Central Park to commemorate Lennons life six days after his death in December, 1980. Despite its observational form and aesthetic reticence, 10 minutes de silence renders unexpected coincidences of colour, perspective, gesture, and noise, spontaneous formations and patterns that resonate beyond the films actual moment and journalistic raison dêtre.

Film Studies
Jean-Marc Dreyfus

From 1945 until around 1960, ceremonies of a new kind took place throughout Europe to commemorate the Holocaust and the deportation of Jews; ashes would be taken from the site of a concentration camp, an extermination camp, or the site of a massacre and sent back to the deportees country of origin (or to Israel). In these countries, commemorative ceremonies were then organised and these ashes (sometimes containing other human remains) placed within a memorial or reburied in a cemetery. These transfers of ashes have, however, received little attention from historical researchers. This article sets out to describe a certain number of them, all differing considerably from one another, before drawing up a typology of this phenomenon and attempting its analysis. It investigates the symbolic function of ashes in the aftermath of the Second World War and argues that these transfers – as well as having a mimetic relationship to transfers of relics – were also instruments of political legitimisation.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
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Playing Scotsmen in mainland Europe
Author: David Hesse

Twenty-first-century Scottish play-acting draws depth and energy from a European and Western tradition of dreaming Scottish dreams, and this tradition dates back to at least the late eighteenth century, to the beginnings of European Romanticism. This book explores how contemporary celebrations of Scotland build upon earlier Scottish fantasies. The Scottish dreamscape is one of several pre-modern counter-worlds which have been approached through imitation in the past. The book examines the 'Scotland' that is on the play-actors' minds. The Scottish dreamscape was formed in an eighteenth- and nineteenth-century process now best known as Highlandism. It was then that Scotland became associated with the aesthetics and supposed characteristics of its Highland periphery. The book also explores the Scottish dreamscape's spread via the channels of the British Empire and American popular culture. It identifies five key carriers which helped to disseminate the Scottish aesthetic across the world, namely epic poetry, the Highland regiments, music hall entertainment, Hollywood films, and romance novels. The book further focuses on fieldwork conducted in 2009 and 2010. It sheds some light on the different forms of Scottish play-acting, on musicians, athletes, commemorators, and historical re-enactors. The pipers and athletes do not imitate the past; they perform in what they hope are old but living Scottish traditions. Commemorators and historical re-enactors have a different aim. They seek to recreate the past in the present. Finally, the book identifies some of the main reasons for the Scottish dreamscape's special resonance in northern and western Europe.

Steve Sohmer

Purgatory in favour of a judgement to heaven or hell at the moment of death, why commemorate the anniversaries of the dead at all? On the anniversaries of the dead Jacobus de Voragine’s The Golden Legend , written circa 1275 and first printed in Genoa circa 1470, became one of the most popular, widely read and most

in Reading Shakespeare’s mind
David Hesse

6 Our Scottish past: commemorations The pipers and athletes examined in the previous two chapters do not imitate the past. While it is important to most of them that the musical, athletic, and sartorial traditions they engage with are ‘old’ and solidly rooted in history, they do not attempt to reproduce that history. They perform in what they hope is an ancient but living Scottish tradition. Commemorators and historical re-­enactors have a totally different objective. As the next two chapters demonstrate, they seek to recall or even recreate the past in the

in Warrior dreams
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Remembering and commemorating the dead of war
Lucy Noakes

• 8 • Remembering Remembering and commemorating the dead of war Introduction: thank you for coming back to me In November 1945, just months after Japan’s surrender had brought almost six years of conflict to an end, Celia Johnson made the nation cry. Her performance as the desiring, despairing, yet ultimately selfdenying Laura Jesson in David Lean’s Brief Encounter was at the heart of a film which, according to Mass Observation (MO), did more than any other film of the period to bring its audience to tears.1 Why did this film, described by the Times’ film

in Dying for the nation