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Individuals acting together
Keith Graham

Introduction The background (though most emphatically not the topic) of this discussion is the liberal/communitarian debate. Many believe that debate has now run its course, but it has left an indelible mark on the way that perennial questions about the relations between individual and community are framed. In this chapter I attempt to articulate the idea of one kind of community, pertinent to social

in Political concepts
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Panikos Panayi

In his study of the construction of German communities abroad, influenced by nationalist organisations in the newly created German Empire in the decades leading up to the First World War, Stefan Manz focused upon a series of characteristics which went towards the development of these communities. Three elements in particular, led from the German imperial centre, characterised the urban

in The Germans in India
Open Access (free)
Janelle Joseph

Diasporas are communities positioned at the interstices of (1) a (mythical) homeland or local community where people are from, (2) the location where they reside, and (3) a globally dispersed, yet collectively identified group. These communities are neither homogeneous nor innate. A sense of community, Brubaker (2004) notes in Ethnicity without Groups , is often objectified as a “thing

in Sport in the Black Atlantic
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Neighbours, networks and social memory
Ben Jones

Chapter 4 Community: neighbours, networks and social memory We saw in the last chapter the ways in which working class neighbourhoods were materially and discursively recast in the mid-twentieth century. Particularly powerful was an official discourse which categorised neighbourhoods as ‘slums’, and we analysed the degrees to which this category was adopted, adapted and resisted by residents of neighbourhoods subject to slum clearance. We also saw how these stigmatising representations of place were remapped onto some council estates and how some residents used

in The working class in mid-twentieth-century England
Education, migration and Catholicism in early modern Europe

From the mid-sixteenth century, Catholics from Protestant jurisdictions established colleges for the education and formation of students in more hospitable Catholic territories abroad. This book draws attention to similarities between colleges which developed in familiar patterns, faced parallel challenges and served analogous functions. One of the more significant developments in university historiography since the 1960s has been the increasing attention devoted to the student experience, an elaboration of the 'history from below' approach which has been so influential in social history. The Collegium Germanicum in Rome was the first abroad college established for the formation of Catholic students from territories under the authority of Protestant reformers. The college opened in the late summer of 1552, the result of an initiative spearheaded by Cardinal Giovanni Morone and the Society of Jesus. The book examines the educational strategies employed by Dutch Catholics, who faced challenges closely related to those of their confessional colleagues across the North Sea. It argues that through the colleges specific Catholic communities in Ireland preserved and sometimes strengthened not only their domestic position but also their transnational and international interests. The book inspects a central issue for all abroad colleges: the role of the college-trained clergy who returned to the domestic churches. Overviewing the Scots, the book addresses the political significance of the colleges, in particular through their relationships to the Stuart monarchy. A study of the Maronite college in Rome uncovers the decisive role played by papal politics, curial interests and, later, Propaganda Fide.

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The Digger movement in the English Revolution
Author: John Gurney

This is a full-length modern study of the Diggers or ‘True Levellers’, who were among the most remarkable of the radical groups to emerge during the English Revolution of 1640–60. Acting at a time of unparalleled political change and heightened millenarian expectation, the Diggers believed that the establishment of an egalitarian, property-less society was imminent. This book establishes the local origins of the Digger movement and sets out to examine pre-Civil War social relations and social tensions in the parish of Cobham—from where significant numbers of the Diggers came—and the impact of civil war in the local community. The book provides a detailed account of the Surrey Digger settlements and of local reactions to the Diggers, and it explores the spread of Digger activities beyond Surrey. In chapters on the writings and career of Gerrard Winstanley, the book seeks to offer a reinterpretation of one of the major thinkers of the English Revolution.

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Bernadette C. Hayes and Ian McAllister

While institutional design is viewed as the most effective means of resolving divisions in post-conflict societies, there has also been an emphasis on peace building at the grass-roots level. It is often argued that successful conflict resolution is as much about the reconstruction of communities and societies as it is about the design of political institutions and states

in Conflict to peace
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Martin Yuille and Bill Ollier

To get sick Britain on the road to recovery, we need to change, not only at the ‘top’ of society, but also at the ‘bottom’. Pillar One was about top-down change and now we turn to Pillar Two, to bottom-up change. A community is generally thought of as all the people that reside or work – or are homeless or workless – in a specified geographical area. It also includes the groupings and organisations there, whether it is workplaces, schools, places of worship, clubs or shops, cafés and restaurants. For us a community is a little more abstract: it is a group of

in Saving sick Britain
Author: Jim Phillips

This is a major re-evaluation of the 1984-5 Miners’ Strike, which was a central event in Britain's recent economic, industrial and political history, and the first book to show the pivotal and distinctive nature of the strike in Scotland. The book's particular strengths address the limits of current understanding of the meaning and character of the strike. It: • focuses on colliery-and community-level factors in shaping and sustaining the strike, which tends to be understood in overly narrow high political terms; • examines Scottish developments, which were central to the outbreak and longevity of the strike against closures; • demonstrates that the strike was a popular and socially-embedded phenomenon, with limited connection to the ‘Scargill versus Thatcher’ dispute of historical legend and much political literature; • explores the moral economy of the coalfields, and how this shaped attitudes to coal closures and the strike • provides immediate and highly engaging history from below perspectives on society and politics in the 1980s, using interviews with strike participants.

Gary James

Footballing communities 71 4 Footballing communities During the decade of Hulme Athenaeum’s existence the population of Manchester continued to grow, reaching over 400,000 by 1871. This exacerbated existing problems such as overcrowding in the slum areas, and although most cellar dwellings had gone by 1874, it would be another forty years until the majority of the back-­to-­back houses had been demolished.1 The problems were those of a big commercial city, and polluted Manchester epitomised all that was socially bad in the effects of the Industrial

in The emergence of footballing cultures