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Open Access (free)
Individuals acting together
Keith Graham

Introduction The background (though most emphatically not the topic) of this discussion is the liberal/communitarian debate. Many believe that debate has now run its course, but it has left an indelible mark on the way that perennial questions about the relations between individual and community are framed. In this chapter I attempt to articulate the idea of one kind of community, pertinent to social

in Political concepts
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Panikos Panayi

In his study of the construction of German communities abroad, influenced by nationalist organisations in the newly created German Empire in the decades leading up to the First World War, Stefan Manz focused upon a series of characteristics which went towards the development of these communities. Three elements in particular, led from the German imperial centre, characterised the urban

in The Germans in India
Open Access (free)
Janelle Joseph

Diasporas are communities positioned at the interstices of (1) a (mythical) homeland or local community where people are from, (2) the location where they reside, and (3) a globally dispersed, yet collectively identified group. These communities are neither homogeneous nor innate. A sense of community, Brubaker (2004) notes in Ethnicity without Groups , is often objectified as a “thing

in Sport in the Black Atlantic
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Neighbours, networks and social memory
Ben Jones

Chapter 4 Community: neighbours, networks and social memory We saw in the last chapter the ways in which working class neighbourhoods were materially and discursively recast in the mid-twentieth century. Particularly powerful was an official discourse which categorised neighbourhoods as ‘slums’, and we analysed the degrees to which this category was adopted, adapted and resisted by residents of neighbourhoods subject to slum clearance. We also saw how these stigmatising representations of place were remapped onto some council estates and how some residents used

in The working class in mid-twentieth-century England
A history
Editor: Derek Fraser

The book is a comprehensive and definitive history of the Leeds Jewish community, which was – and remains – the third largest in Britain. It is organised in three parts: Context (history, urban, demography); Chronology (covering the period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 1940s); and Contours (analysing themes and aspects of the history up to the present time). The book shows how a small community was affected by mass immigration, and through economic progress and social mobility achieved integration into the host society. It is a story of entrepreneurial success which transformed a proletarian community into a middle-class society. Its members contributed extensively to the economic, social, political and cultural life of Leeds, which provided a supportive environment for Jews to pursue their religion, generally free from persecution. The Leeds Jewish community lived predominantly in three locations which changed over time as they moved in a northerly direction to suburbia.

Leisure and cohesion, 1945-1995
Author: Martin Atherton

Discourses on the social and cultural aspects of deafness emphasise the vital role played by deaf clubs in nurturing and maintaining deaf communities. Despite this, there has been virtually no previous research into the social and leisure activities provided for deaf people by the deaf clubs or the specific nature of deaf communal leisure. This book, based on an extensive longitudinal study of British deaf clubs between 1945 and 1995, presents the first detailed analysis of the social lives of deaf people in the UK.

British Deaf News was the major deaf newspaper throughout the 20th century, with deaf clubs reporting their activities and those of their members in each issue, providing a vital information and dissemination service for the geographical isolated pockets of deaf people across the country. Contributors shared information that was of interest to other deaf people and thus provide contemporary historians with extensive insights into the lived deaf experience that is not available from any other written source. The book outlines the volume and variety of leisure activities deaf people engaged in and discusses the vital role this played in maintaining and sustaining the sense of shared experiences and outlooks that are represented by the term ‘deaf community’. The book sets this discussion within a wider analysis of the role of leisure and sport in wider society, to emphasise both the similarities and the unique aspects of the social lives of one of Britain’s least understood minority groups.

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The Digger movement in the English Revolution
Author: John Gurney

This is a full-length modern study of the Diggers or ‘True Levellers’, who were among the most remarkable of the radical groups to emerge during the English Revolution of 1640–60. Acting at a time of unparalleled political change and heightened millenarian expectation, the Diggers believed that the establishment of an egalitarian, property-less society was imminent. This book establishes the local origins of the Digger movement and sets out to examine pre-Civil War social relations and social tensions in the parish of Cobham—from where significant numbers of the Diggers came—and the impact of civil war in the local community. The book provides a detailed account of the Surrey Digger settlements and of local reactions to the Diggers, and it explores the spread of Digger activities beyond Surrey. In chapters on the writings and career of Gerrard Winstanley, the book seeks to offer a reinterpretation of one of the major thinkers of the English Revolution.

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Bernadette C. Hayes and Ian McAllister

While institutional design is viewed as the most effective means of resolving divisions in post-conflict societies, there has also been an emphasis on peace building at the grass-roots level. It is often argued that successful conflict resolution is as much about the reconstruction of communities and societies as it is about the design of political institutions and states

in Conflict to peace
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Martin Yuille and Bill Ollier

To get sick Britain on the road to recovery, we need to change, not only at the ‘top’ of society, but also at the ‘bottom’. Pillar One was about top-down change and now we turn to Pillar Two, to bottom-up change. A community is generally thought of as all the people that reside or work – or are homeless or workless – in a specified geographical area. It also includes the groupings and organisations there, whether it is workplaces, schools, places of worship, clubs or shops, cafés and restaurants. For us a community is a little more abstract: it is a group of

in Saving sick Britain
Gary James

Footballing communities 71 4 Footballing communities During the decade of Hulme Athenaeum’s existence the population of Manchester continued to grow, reaching over 400,000 by 1871. This exacerbated existing problems such as overcrowding in the slum areas, and although most cellar dwellings had gone by 1874, it would be another forty years until the majority of the back-­to-­back houses had been demolished.1 The problems were those of a big commercial city, and polluted Manchester epitomised all that was socially bad in the effects of the Industrial

in The emergence of footballing cultures