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Davide Rodogno

chapter. Here I assume that humanitarians’ motivations are heterogeneous. My argument is that despite such heterogeneity, during the last 120 years western humanitarians have retained a distinctive trait: a certain kind of arrogance, which I view as ingrained and related to certainty and compassion (a term that derives from Latin cum-patire , literally to suffer with). My argument suggests continuity in very different times and spaces, and for very different actors of such ingrained arrogance. Before dealing with the core of the matter, explaining what I mean by

in The Red Cross Movement
Aiding Indians in need
A. Martin Wainwright

still depended greatly on perceptions of their class status. The same was true for seeking assistance to remain in Britain. The seventeenth-century philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, observed: ‘Griefe for the calamity of another is pitty; and ariseth from the imagination that the like calamity may befall himselfe; and therefore is called also compassion.’ 3 The records of

in ‘The better class’ of Indians
British relief in the Franco-Prussian War, 1870–71
Rebecca Gill

secure access to the battlefield from the respective military authorities. They did so by expressing a careful calibration of concern which betokened a response at once benevolent and proficient. Compassion and spontaneity were crucial, but heart was to be kept firmly in subjection to head. As NAS Chairman Loyd Lindsay confidently announced, ‘it is possible to be as precise in the

in Calculating compassion
William Trevor and postcolonial London
C.L. Innes

3 ‘Compassion thrown to the winds’: William Trevor and postcolonial London C.L. Innes In 2004, on the fiftieth anniversary of the publication of Kingsley Amis’s Lucky Jim, Caryl Phillips wrote an essay commenting on the peculiar absence of black characters in the fiction and drama written by white authors in Britain in the 1950s and 1960s. ‘[John] Braine, Amis, [John] Osborne, Arnold Wesker, and Keith Waterhouse cannot have been unaware of the huge public debate around black immigration’, Phillips remarked. ‘And they cannot have been unaware of the social

in William Trevor
Relief, reconstruction and disputes over civilian suffering in the Anglo-Boer War, 1899–1902
Rebecca Gill

were taking effect, and the incidence of measles was falling. Maintaining an emphasis on the dejection and suffering of Boer women and children in the camps, the pamphlet decried the absence of ‘any spark of womanly feeling’ in Garrett Fawcett’s inquiry. 38 It was this emphasis upon the importance of demonstrable compassion that marked out Hobhouse’s efforts from those of the

in Calculating compassion
Resilience and the Language of Compassion
Diego I. Meza

of resilience and discourses of compassion that legitimise the suffering of these people. The former highlights the innate capacity of the displaced to cope with their tragedies: the latter emphasises the value of the victims’ suffering. This approach could show how, in the case of care and reparation for displaced Colombians, some forms of violence coalesce with the promise of care. The aim therefore is to approach humanitarian government as an innovative and valuable lens to critically understand and address the Colombian government’s responses to the massive

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Humanity and relief in war, Britain 1870–1914
Author: Rebecca Gill

The history of relief work is in its infancy. This book draws on new archival research to reveal the priorities of nineteenth-century relief workers, and the legacies of their preoccupations for relief work today. It first explores the inauguration of the British National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War (NAS) at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 under the figurehead of Loyd Lindsay. Then, the book sees the revival of the NAS for work in the Balkans during a period of nationalist violence and Ottoman counter-insurgency which culminated in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. It also follows the staff of relief committees as they dispensed aid in British colonial wars. The book examines the critiques of British policy in the Boer War (1899-1902) emanating from intersecting circles of Quakers, New Liberals and ethicists, and considers these groups' offer of aid to Boer civilians. Further, the book concentrates on the methodologies of relief for Boer inmates of British concentration camps in South Africa and on the implications of this relief for its intended recipients during and after the war. It concentrates on aid to British soldiers. The book closes by tracing continuities in vocational practices and dispositions to emerging areas of concern in the post-war period, in particular child welfare, and briefly considers their implication for relief work today.

Valérie Robin Azevedo

In recent years, exhumation campaigns of mass graves resulting from the armed conflict (1980–2000) between the Maoist guerrillas of PCP-Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) and the States armed forces have increased in Peru. People in rural Andes, the most marginalised sectors of national society, which were also particularly affected by the war, are the main group concerned with exhumations. This article examines the handling, flow and re-appropriation of exhumed human remains in public space to inform sociopolitical issues underlying the reparation policies implemented by the State, sometimes with the support of human rights NGOs. How do the families of victims become involved in this unusual return of their dead? Have the exhumations become a new repertoire of collective action for Andean people seeking to access their fundamental rights and for recognition of their status as citizens? Finally, what do these devices that dignify the dead reveal about the internal workings of Peruvian society – its structural inequities and racism – which permeate the social fabric?

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

internal borders, or when they are faced with deportation. Such support has nevertheless been significant, because it potentially challenges the right of nation-states to determine who enters their territory and who is allowed to stay, and because it is often primarily prompted by a sense of solidarity, rather than by a sense of compassion towards suffering fellow humans. Those engaged in such acts of solidarity include, for example, French olive farmer Cédric Herrou, who since 2015 has assisted migrants crossing from Italy to France, and Swedish student Elin Ersson, who

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

tensions between advocacy and solidarity, based on the concrete example of an historical reading of témoignage . It traces its evolvement from ‘compassion-soaked’ beginnings to a form of resistance against abusive state practices and later its turn towards some form of advocacy, in different ways related to an apolitical focus on compassion that saw affected populations as a mere background or a means to shame important global audiences. In parallel, the turn towards so

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs