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Charles T. Hunt

Complexity theory is not a theory of international relations. Originally developed in theoretical physics and cybernetics (e.g. Wiener 1948 ; von Bertalanffy 1968 ), this theory has only recently been transported into the study of global politics and its sub-categories. Its application to UN peacekeeping is only just beginning to occur. Complexity theory is primarily concerned with explaining change processes in complex systems (Johnson 2009 ; Mitchell 2011 ). In a complicated system, outcomes are determined and finite and can be predicted

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory

UN peacekeeping is a core pillar of the multilateral peace and security architecture and a multi-billion-dollar undertaking reshaping lives around the world. In spite of this, the engagement between the literatures on UN peacekeeping and International Relations theory has been a slow development. This has changed in recent years, and there is now a growing interest tin examining UN peacekeeping from various theoretical perspectives to yield insights about how international relations are changing and developing. The volume is the first comprehensive overview of multiple theoretical perspectives on UN peacekeeping. There are two main uses of this volume. First, this volume provides the reader with insights into different theoretical lenses and how they can be applied practically to understanding UN peacekeeping better. Second, through case studies in each chapter, the volume provides practical examples of how International Relations theories – such as realism, liberal institutionalism, rational choice institutionalism, sociological institutionalism, feminist institutionalism, constructivism, critical security studies, practice theory, and complexity theory – can be applied to a specific policy issue. Applying these theories enhances our understanding of why UN peacekeeping, as an international institution, has evolved in a particular direction and functions the way that it does. The insights generated in the volume can also help shed light on other international institutions as well as the broader issue of international co-operation.

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A Recombinant Pygmalion for the Twenty-First Century
Kathleen McConnell

As a gothic iteration of Ovid‘s Pygmalion myth, the television show ‘Dark Angel’ demonstrates how anxiety over the laboratory creation of people persists in popular culture. The paper looks through the lenses of media representation of cloning, complexity theory‘s trope of iteration, and gothic literary criticism, first to analyze Dark Angels heroine as a gothic version of Pygmalion‘s statue. It goes on to explore some of the implications of rewriting sculptor/lover Pygmalion into Dark Angels Donald Lydecker and Logan Cale, before examining the first season in its entirety. The analysis ends on a short exploration of some interactions between the show and the popular culture that produces and consumes it.

Gothic Studies
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

), Ontopolitics in the Anthropocene: An Introduction to Mapping, Sensing and Hacking ( London : Routledge ). Chouliaraki , L. ( 2013 ), The Ironic Spectator: Solidarity in the Age of Post-Humanitarianism ( Cambridge and Malden, MA : Polity Press ). Cooper , M. ( 2011 ), ‘ Complexity Theory after the Financial Crisis: The Death of Neoliberalism or the Triumph of Hayek? ’, Journal of Cultural Economy , 4 : 4 , 371 – 85 . Corlett , A. ( 2017 ), As Time

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Mark Olssen

-linear interactions. In postulating non-linear interactions, it is accepted that wholes are, in certain instances, more than the sum of the parts, in that collective entities can act differently to the parts and exert forces independent of the parts (downward causation). 10 Complexity theory presents a new relational holism that avoids the unifying and dialectical connotations of classical holism. Classical holism was deficient in terms of its blindness to the parts as well as in its ignorance of complex processes of change and order. In my article ‘Foucault as Complexity

in Constructing Foucault’s ethics
A Toilet Revolution and its socio-eco-technical entanglements
Deljana Iossifova

multinational agencies) and the type of ‘critical’ scholarship with a shared interest in the ‘Southern turn’ of urbanisation and predominant interest in the exposure of capitalism as the root of all problems (e.g. Roy and Ong, 2011 ; Edensor and Jayne, 2011 ; Brenner, 2014 ). A systems approach drawing on complexity theory (Bai et al., 2016 ) is a plausible starting point for the provincialised study of sanitation and its socio-eco-technical entanglements (with ‘eco’ here referring to both ecological and economic characteristics and processes). In conjunction with this

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
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A complexity theory of literature
Author: Lydia R. Cooper

Cormac McCarthy: a complexity theory of literature examines McCarthy’s works as a case study demonstrating how literary texts can make chaotic and complex systems imaginable. This book offers the first sustained analysis of McCarthy’s literary engagement with complex systems, from food webs to evolutionary economics. Focusing on McCarthy’s depiction of the role of economics and art on global inequality and eco-disaster, it argues that McCarthy’s works offer a case study in the role of literature in challenging us to imagine the consequences of our world’s unmaking, and to recognize what creativity and ethos is needed to make it again in the ‘very maelstrom of its undoing.’

Social and cultural modernity beyond the nation-state
Author: Shivdeep Grewal

German philosopher Jürgen Habermas has written extensively on the European Union. This is the only in-depth account of his project. Published now in a second edition to coincide with the celebration of his ninetieth birthday, a new preface considers Habermas’s writings on the eurozone and refugee crises, populism and Brexit, and the presidency of Emmanuel Macron.

Placing an emphasis on the conception of the EU that informs Habermas’s political prescriptions, the book is divided into two main parts. The first considers the unfolding of 'social modernity' at the level of the EU. Among the subjects covered are Habermas's concept of juridification, the latter's affinities with integration theories such as neofunctionalism, and the application of Habermas's democratic theory to the EU. The second part addresses 'cultural modernity' in Europe – 'Europessimism' is argued to be a subset of the broader cultural pessimism that assailed the project of modernity in the late twentieth century, and with renewed intensity in the years since 9/11.

Interdisciplinary in approach, this book engages with European/EU studies, critical theory, political theory, international relations, intellectual history, comparative literature, and philosophy. Concise and clearly written, it will be of interest to students, scholars and professionals with an interest in these disciplines, as well as to a broader readership concerned with the future of Europe

Sue-Ann Harding

narrative theory overlap, or resonate, with those used in complexity theory, suggesting that it might be fruitful to combine elements of the two. Complexity theory, arising out of mathematical theories of chaos, has increasingly become applied to non-mathematical areas of research, particularly in the social sciences. 6 David Byrne’s argument for applying complexity theory to sociology ‘is founded around this idea of resonance, of

in Beslan
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Lydia R. Cooper

on all of us to imagine with clarity and force not only the causes and consequences of global economic and environmental policy, but also alternatives to systems that too often seem inevitable. Before moving further into the study of complexity and literature, I want to examine McCarthy’s authorial persona and make the argument for why his works offer such a compelling case study for complexity theory as depicted in and applied to the study of literary texts. The public’s image of McCarthy is heavily influenced by a now-famous interview that appeared in the New

in Cormac McCarthy