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A critical analysis of the work of John Burton
Author: Tarja Väyrynen

This book is a critical study of John Burton's work, which outlines an alternative framework for the study of international conflict, and re-examines conflict resolution. It argues that culture has a constitutive role in international conflict and conflict resolution. The book provides an overview of the mediation literature in order to locate problem-solving workshop conflict resolution within the context of peaceful third-party involvement. It analyses human needs thinking and examines the similarities between it and Burton's thinking. The book also examines the logic of Burton's argument by means of metaphor analysis, by analysing the metaphors which can be found in his human needs theory. It studies further Burton's views of action and rationality, and moves into phenomenology and social constructionism. The book takes as its starting-point a totalist theory of international conflict resolution, namely Burton's sociobiologically-oriented conflict theory, and demonstrates the logic of argument and the denial of culture underlying his problem-solving theory. It explains the dimensions of the social world in order to lay a foundation for the study of conflict and conflict resolution from the social constructionist perspective. The book presents a phenomenological understanding of conflict and problem-solving conflict resolution. Finally, it argues that problem-solving workshop conflict resolution can be best understood as an attempt to find a shared reality between the parties in conflict.

Regional integration and conflicts in Europe from the 1950s to the twenty-first century
Author: Boyka Stefanova

This book is about the European Union's role in conflict resolution and reconciliation in Europe. Ever since it was implemented as a political project of the post-World War II reality in Western Europe, European integration has been credited with performing conflict-resolution functions. The EU allegedly transformed the long-standing adversarial relationship between France and Germany into a strategic partnership. Conflict in Western Europe became obsolete. The end of the Cold War further reinforced its role as a regional peace project. While these evolutionary dynamics are uncontested, the deeper meaning of the process, its transformative power, is still to be elucidated. How does European integration restore peace when its equilibrium is broken and conflict or the legacies of enmity persist? This is a question that needs consideration. This book sets out to do exactly that. It explores the peace and conflict-resolution role of European integration by testing its somewhat vague, albeit well-established, macro-political rationale of a peace project in the practical settings of conflicts. Its central argument is that the evolution of the policy mix, resources, framing influences and political opportunities through which European integration affects conflicts and processes of conflict resolution demonstrates a historical trend through which the EU has become an indispensable factor of conflict resolution. The book begins with the pooling together of policy-making at the European level for the management of particular sectors (early integration in the European Coal and Steel Community) through the functioning of core EU policies (Northern Ireland).

Theory and framework
Boyka Stefanova

Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to develop an analytical framework for the study of the ways in which European integration affects conflict resolution processes. If integration is causally significant to resolving conflicts, then it must possess certain attributes and mechanisms of action which would distinguish it from other actors and processes, such as

in The Europeanisation of conflict resolution
Limitations and possibilities
Tarja Väyrynen

IN THIS CHAPTER a phenomenological understanding of conflict and problem-solving conflict resolution is presented. Problem-solving workshop conflict resolution is reassessed and its area of applicability evaluated. The chapter continues the discussions introduced in the previous chapter: it clarifies the role of relevance structures, typifications, language and

in Culture and international conflict resolution
Tarja Väyrynen

PROBLEM-SOLVING WORKSHOP conflict resolution is a form of peaceful third-party intervention. The approach argues that it differs from the traditional approaches to mediation in many respects. It assumes, for example, that conflicts can be best resolved in small-group discussions which are guided by facilitators. The role of the facilitator is to assist the parties to communicate rather than to

in Culture and international conflict resolution
Tarja Väyrynen

BURTON’S PROBLEM-SOLVING conflict resolution includes a version of human needs thinking. What is particular to the version – as argued in the previous chapter – is that it forms the very core of his conflict and conflict resolution theory. Furthermore, his human needs theory rejects the importance of culture in international conflict resolution. This chapter aims at studying

in Culture and international conflict resolution
Abstract only
Adrian Millar

Traditional approaches to conflict resolution Lederach Lederach is a leading proponent of transformation type conflict resolution who contends that conflict tends to occur where there are ethnic, regional and religious differences and arises over ‘long-standing animosities rooted in a perceived threat to identity and survival’ 1 and thus armed

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Jo Berry and Patrick Magee’s Facing the Enemy
Verity Combe

24 Performance practices and conflict resolution: Jo Berry and Patrick Magee’s Facing the Enemy Verity Combe It has been said that ‘for every one year of conflict we need ten years of reconciliation’.1 Contemporary conflict resolution differs from the more traditional kinds because it now emphasises post-conflict processes that generate solutions and is much more inter-disciplinary in its scope. Conflict resolution is both an academic and a practical field and a branch of international relations dedicated to alleviating and illuminating sources of conflict

in The Northern Ireland Troubles in Britain
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The problématique of culture in international conflict analysis
Tarja Väyrynen

of the third party is to provide this filter. If the participants can use this filter, then they will be able to perceive realities accurately, to assess available theoretical and empirical knowledge, and arrive at reliable conclusions. 2 THE PROBLEM-SOLVING workshop type of international conflict resolution has proved to be a promising approach in solving violent

in Culture and international conflict resolution
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Ten theses on culture and international conflict resolution
Tarja Väyrynen

BURTON’S CONFLICT AND conflict resolution theories demonstrate the use of human needs theory and medical metaphors in peace and conflict studies. Implicit denial of the importance of culture in human affairs is at the very core of his theory of international conflict resolution. The strong universalising tendencies constitute his theory as a form of totalist theorising in the social sciences. The

in Culture and international conflict resolution