Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 13,440 items for :

  • "conflicts" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Abstract only
Adrian Millar

Traditional approaches to conflict resolution Lederach Lederach is a leading proponent of transformation type conflict resolution who contends that conflict tends to occur where there are ethnic, regional and religious differences and arises over ‘long-standing animosities rooted in a perceived threat to identity and survival’ 1 and thus armed

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Abstract only
Sabine Lee

6 African conflicts Around the same time as the Balkan Wars shook Europe, a wave of genocidal conflicts rippled through the African continent. They displayed patterns previously not characteristic of warfare in general and tribal warfare in particular. While violence, civil unrest, insurgencies and civil wars had been a recurring feature in many countries of the African continent, since the late 1980s, a number of large-scale and long-running conflicts of immense brutality, increasingly involving the civilian population, both women (as most numerous victims of

in Children born of war in the twentieth century
Abstract only
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

3 Identity conflict A basic feature of the universal human condition is the need to find commonality with others and form larger associations at the individual, group, and community level, and this is at the heart of the concept of identity. A variety of factors, ranging from physical attributes, language, and culture to societal norms and structures work to promote a selfawareness and self-consciousness of sameness with a larger collective. A significant positive benefit resulting from this shared identity is the ability to provide protection and security

in African security in the twenty-first century
Screening war in Kosovo and Chechnya
Cerwyn Moore

4 Globalisation and conflict: screening war in Kosovo and Chechnya It may be argued that one of the defining features of contemporary world politics has been the alleged resurgence of insecurity as a source of different forms of war.1 The end of the Cold War thus led to a reconsideration of questions of meaning in IR, alongside a broader set of debates about ‘asymmetrical’, ‘fourth generation’ and ‘irregular warfare’. At around the same time the Gulf War issued in a consideration about the role of technology, gesturing toward a form of state-to-state conflict

in Contemporary violence
A cinematic saga
François Dubuisson

The famous 1960 film Exodus , 1 by Otto Preminger, is a particularly emblematic example of the way in which cinema portrays the conflict and forges a certain representation thereof in the eyes of the general public. It relates a key moment in the genesis of the dispute, describing a series of events surrounding the end of British Mandate over Palestine and the Partition Plan adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in November 1947. 2 A scene from this film allows us to illustrate two conceptions of international law that can be conveyed by the cinema

in Cinematic perspectives on international law
Sandra Buchanan

Of the three conflict transformation programmes which Northern Ireland and the Border Counties have benefited from, two, the IFI and the Peace programmes, were specifically tailored for the region. Together with the INTERREG I, II and III(A) programmes, they have directly contributed over €3.25 billion to the region since 1986. While intricate

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Maurice Hayes

14 Moving out of conflict Dr Maurice Hayes Introduction When Maurice Hayes lectured on ‘Moving out of conflict’ on 4 June 2007, his title seemed especially apt, since the devolved administration which had come into existence as a result of the St Andrews Agreement was scarcely a month old. While it might have been tempting to dwell upon the political implications of what had been, by any measure, a remarkable transformation of the political dynamic, he was sufficiently immersed in the complex fabric of Northern Ireland affairs to reflect more broadly on how

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz, and Julian Cooper

Bacon 03 3/2/06 10:24 AM Page 48 3 The Chechen conflict In September 1999, Russian federal forces moved into the Republic of Chechnya, a constituent part of the Russian Federation located in the North-Caucasus region. This military campaign came to be known as the second Chechen war, following on from the first Chechen war of 1994–96, and an uneasy period of peace and de facto self-rule lasting for three years between 1996 and 1999. This peace was decisively broken when in August 1999 a unit of Chechen fighters under the leadership of former Soviet General

in Securitising Russia
The perpetual trap of criminalisation

In the previous chapter, we discussed the fate of victims of violence, and now we turn to those imprisoned during the conflict. Conflict-related prisoners are, for some, the embodiment of violence, and hold overall responsibility for the Troubles. So strong is this interpretation that those incarcerated during the conflict remain disbarred through legal mechanisms of control, censure and exclusion. There has been obvious leadership from within the ex-prisoner community, but also high levels of exclusion, illness

in Northern Ireland a generation after Good Friday
Negotiations at the end of British rule in the Shan States of Burma (Myanmar)
Susan Conway

all levels of society, importance was attached to rank, ethnic identity and tribute relations. The Shan states after British conquest of Burma When the British expanded their empire eastwards from India to Burma at the beginning of the nineteenth century, they created conflict with King Bodawpaya (ruled 1819–53) that led to the first Anglo-Burmese War of 1824–26. The ensuing peace treaty, ratified at Yandabo forty-five miles from the then Burmese capital of Ava, gave the British the southern province of Tenasserim, control of the port of Moulmein and the states

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia