Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of
Myfanwy James, Joseph Grace Kasereka, and Shelley Lees
by pharmaceutical companies ‘in collusion’ with the INRB. Muyembe,
they argued, had a ‘conflictofinterest’ given his dual role as
the new head of the response and DRC-EB-001 Principal Investigator. ‘The
urgency is to stop the spread of the epidemic and not to experiment with all
kinds of drugs and vaccines developed by certain multinationals that you
represent’, LUCHA tweeted to his account. 5 During a heated focus group discussion, a doctor
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey
party to those wars, there is a clear conflictofinterest in
having the same government judging the impact of the humanitarian crises that
In some cases – most strikingly, South Sudan – government-led
processes have resulted in entire analyses being quashed, reversed, or kept from
publication; groups being expelled from the analysis; and not-so-subtle efforts
to sway determinations away from outcomes that might reflect badly on the
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna
humanitarian sector. A
tendency exists to look for in-house solutions ( Hestbaek, 2017 ). Sharing some information can raise
concerns about security and privacy. Open-access maps could be misused, for
example, to oppress or target protesters in politically unstable situations.
Innovations developed collaboratively with for-profit companies also raise
questions related to proprietary knowledge, intellectual property and conflictsofinterest. This challenge
morning, they looted afterward.
[The inyangamugayo say (among themselves) there are conflictsofinterest in this trial.]
Witness (female survivor): He said before that Mbangurika was covered with blood when he arrived.
Defendant Ndambaye: Nobody actually hit him. He was beaten when they were still uphill. When they arrived at the river, he ran and jumped into the river.
Ndambaye’s hearing ended here. The exchange between Ndambaye, the judges, and the public was thus very short. The court continued with the hearings of the other accused, and, apart from the
The many lives of corruption begins the task of piecing together the bigger picture of how corruption has undermined public life in modern Britain. It offers a uniquely expansive perspective, which stretches from the Old Corruption and ‘unreformed’ politics of the eighteenth century through to the mass democracy and welfare state of the twentieth. Conceptually, as an object of thought, as much as practicably, and as an object of reform, corruption has proved tenaciously problematic and protean. This volume engages with both of these crucial aspects, arguing that it is only by grasping them together that we can fully understand how corruption has shaped the making of a democratic-capitalist state in Britain and given rise to new ideals of public service. It examines the factors that have facilitated and frustrated anticorruption reforms, as well as the various ways ‘corruption’ has been conceived by historical agents. It does so across a range of different sites – electoral, political and administrative, domestic and colonial – presenting new research on neglected areas of reform, while revisiting well-known scandals and corrupt practices. The many lives of corruption is essential reading for all scholars interested in understanding how the pursuit of purity in British public life has evolved over the past two and a half centuries – and why corruption remains such a pressing issue today.
may produce more appropriate leaders, certain principles might be adopted and initiatives taken:
Transparency: Elites resist this whenever possible. But so much more can be done with the will to enforce public transparency, such as proper registering of lobbyists and party donations, publication of top organisational salaries and the ratio of highest to lowest paid staff, property ownership and financial accounts held abroad, and so on.
Conflictsofinterest: I am regularly amazed at how so many elite
political decisions which at
best can be described as being in breach of the most rudimentary conflictofinterest considerations.
The entrenched nature of this conduct also suggested that the type of corruption which was exercised could not be dismissed as a minor deviation
from existing laws, rules and regulations. Instead, extensive transgressions
were tolerated at the policy formulation end of politics. This period of Irish
public life witnessed a growing focus on corruption as table 6.1 outlines.
There was a concern that grand corruption, rather than petty corruption
comparison of three
problem-solving approaches reveals that the Harvard group led by Kelman
emphasises that international conflicts are not simply the product of
misunderstanding and misperception. Real conflictsofinterest or
competing definitions of national interests are often, according to
Kelman, at the centre of disputes. Although conflicts are not caused
solely by subjective factors, face
Westminster scandals and the problem of corruption, c. 1880–1914
placed on personal ‘conflictsofinterest’, and in
particular conflicts between an office-holder’s ‘private
interests’, on the one hand, and his ‘public
duties’ and the ‘public interest’, on the other
– an idiom indeed that seems to have become
decidedly more current after 1880. The scandals examined below are
testament to this, but practices changed too. A crucial threshold was
More than a phenomenon that homogeneously broke with the energy tradition inherited from the nineteenth century, what must be grasped are the imaginary and ideological complexities of autonomy, as well as the persistence of conflictsofinterest and governance that made disconnection a contested architectural and urban practice. The analysis of the results, difficulties and internal positions in the movement facilitated the understanding of its ambiguous success. This analysis must not however overshadow the external factors. The distancing of the specter of