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Hakim Khaldi

affairs and health ministries seeking permission to work out of Damascus – and also informing them that MSF had decided to work in rebel zones. Two of these contacts were particularly consequential. In May 2012, after a meeting between the president of MSF International in Geneva and the president of SARC, authorisation was obtained to send a donation of medicines and medical equipment to SARC. In August 2012, this donation arrived in Damascus where SARC

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Second edition
Author: A. J. Coates

Though the just war tradition has an ancient pedigree, like any tradition of thought, it is subject to historical highs and lows. Drawing on examples from the history of warfare from the Crusades to the present day, this book explores the limits and possibilities of the moral regulation of war. It focuses on the tensions which exist between war and morality. The moral ambiguity and mixed record of that tradition is acknowledged and the dangers which an exaggerated view of the justice or moral worth of war poses are underlined. The adoption of a 'dispositional' view of ethical life, in which moral character and moral culture play a decisive part, widens and transforms the ethics of war. Realism resists the application of morality to war. Pacifism harms and benefits the just war tradition in about equal measure. In opposition to the amoral and wholly pragmatic approach of the 'pure' realist, the just war theorist insists on the moral determination of war where that is possible, and on the moral renunciation of war where it is not. Moral realism is what the just war tradition purports to be about. Legitimate authority has become entirely subordinated to the concept of state sovereignty. If moderate forms of consequentialism threaten the principle of noncombatant immunity, more extreme or purer forms clearly undermine it. The strategic and the ethical problems of counterterrorism are compounded by the emergence of a new and more extreme form of terrorism.

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Living in the shadow
Ronit Lentin

... tempted to say that Jung’s diagnosis of a feeling of collective guilt has some merit, redeeming itself not only in the worst dregs of German society but here in its best representative (Kästner). This is exactly the kind of defence Jung’s theory expects, a “me too” claim of victimhood’ (Olick 2007: 309). 16 Co-memory and melancholia Olick explores the moral agonies of German defeat, the most consequential for Germans, because individual and collective identities are formed by collective responsibility. Theorising what he terms ‘bystander states’, Cohen (2001: 147

in Co-memory and melancholia
A. J. Coates

political community. But these calculations have no similar effects when what is at stake is only the speed or the scope of victory’ (p. 268).39 If moderate forms of consequentialism threaten the principle of noncombatant immunity, more extreme or purer forms clearly undermine it. In these cases so narrowly defined are the consequences and so monopolistic and morally decisive are those consequences seen to be, that the moral prohibition on the direct killing of noncombatants is simply set aside. The instrumental value attached to such killing – its contribution to victory

in The ethics of war
Christopher J. Devine and Kyle C. Kopko

evaluate his running mate more positively, evaluate his opponent more negatively, and express more positive general affect toward their “native son.” Put simply, a presidential home state candidacy has the demonstrated potential to influence electoral evaluations in general, whereas a vice presidential home state candidacy seems relevant to evaluating only the native candidate. The reason, we suspect, is an obvious one indicated by our discussion in Chapter 1: presidents are far more powerful and consequential political actors than vice presidents, and so voters

in The VP Advantage
Mervyn O’Driscoll

174 8 The long road into Europe Irish–​German relations were unaffected by de Gaulle’s veto of the British application on 14 January 1963, notwithstanding Irish frustration at French unilateralism. The FRG had played such a consequential role, in tandem with the Netherlands, in convincing its EEC partners to allow the Irish application to proceed that criticism was impossible. From an Irish perspective, de Gaulle was the political obstacle to Irish accession by virtue of his hostility to British membership. After January 1963, Ireland and West Germany

in Ireland, West Germany and the New Europe, 1949– 73
Brent E. Sasley

two processes, though related, are distinct. The second section formulates the theoretical arguments of this chapter, namely that regimes and societies are two important referent objects of security which, though neglected by traditional security studies literature, are consequential; and that the two are inextricably linked. This is followed by the chapter’s empirical case study, the Palestinians and

in Redefining security in the Middle East
The Discoverie of Guiana
Lowell Duckert

’, Library 23 (1968), 285–327, see 288. Deborah Harkness’s recent work on ‘Big Science’ in Elizabethan England traces the connections between mining, alchemy, and royal patronage, implicating the emergent adventures to the New World and those close to Ralegh: Robert Dudley, Humphrey Gilbert, and William Cecil. See The Jewel House: Elizabethan London and the Scientific Revolution (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007), 169–80. MUP_Armitage_Ralegh.indd 234 07/10/2013 14:09 Water Ralegh’s liquid narrative 235 consequential when we take into account the Discoverie

in Literary and visual Ralegh

theorists, James Turner Johnson argues vigorously that ‘the decision whether to resort to use of armed force is properly the responsibility and right of those in positions of supreme political authority in a society, not that of moralists’. 15 Neither are moralists, or publicists, omniscient: The difficulty of knowing what is right has been made more apparent by the recent shift away from absolutist types of ethical theory toward teleological, or consequential, types. For if the rightness of an act

in Supreme emergency
The changing scale of warfare and the making of early colonial South Asia
Manu Sehgal

The case of early colonial South Asia is particularly significant for these longstanding debates, especially given the scale of military activity towards the close of the eighteenth century. This rapidly changing scale of warfare, already impressive in itself, exercised a consequential impact on the career of the colonial state across South Asia’s long nineteenth century (1817–1919).2 Furthermore, the changes in the scale of warfare necessitated qualitative changes that in turn enabled an intensification and expansion of military violence. Ideological justifications

in A global history of early modern violence