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Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

Constitutional Issues concerning reform women Constitutional reform 151 11 ➤ Review of constitutional reform before 1997 ➤ Analysis of the reasons behind the Labour reform plan of 1997 ➤ Descriptions of the main reforms ➤ Analysis of the reforms ➤ Prospects for future reforms CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM BEFORE 1997 Attitudes to reform The attitude of most governments towards constitutional reform during the twentieth century has been essentially conservative. This has, of course, partly been the result of the dominance of the Conservative party for most of that

in Understanding British and European political issues
Florence Mok

colonial government to monitor public opinion had been expanded considerably and had become increasingly sophisticated. However, how did these covert consultative forms of colonialism, which were an imperfect substitute for democratic elections, evolve as constitutional reforms were discussed in the last years of colonial rule? The first section of this chapter investigates the

in Covert colonialism

This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.

Abstract only
The British press and India c. 1880–1922

The press was an important forum for debate over the future of India and was used by significant groups within the political elite to advance their agendas. This book is the first analysis of the dynamics of British press reporting of India and the attempts made by the British Government to manipulate press coverage as part of a strategy of imperial control. It focuses on a period which represented a critical transitional phase in the history of the Raj, witnessing the impact of the First World War. The book discusses major constitutional reform initiatives, the tragedy of the Amritsar massacre, and the launching of Gandhi's mass movement. Reforms, crises and controversies of the first two decades of the twentieth century ensured that Indian affairs were brought prominently before the British public. The distance and difficulty of transmission had traditionally regulated news of the Indian empire. The Empire Press Union (EPU) worked to facilitate access to official and parliamentary news for overseas journalists and lobbied vigorously to reduce press costs. Reuters was the main telegraph news agency within India. The early twentieth century saw an increased interchange of news and information between Fleet Street and the Indian press. The Minto-Morley partnership was sensitive to the London press and its possible influence, both within domestic politics and indirectly through its impact on Indian politics and Indian-run newspapers. The Times gave sustained support, with Dawson corresponding regularly with the Viceroy on 'the great subject of constitutional Reform'.

Niilo Kauppi

the people a misleadingly simple question: 'Do you think that the term of the President of the Republic should be shortened from seven to five years?' The majority said yes, and the constitution of the Fifth Republic created in 1958 was radically renovated. The reform was not just quantitative, but also qualitative. As the relationships between political institutions changed - especially the Elysée Palace and the National Assembly, that is, the presidency and the lower chamber of parliament - the effects of the constitutional reform was seen in all aspects of French

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
Philip Lynch

society. But common political institutions are central to British identity as they both reflect and shape these other values. With its programme of constitutional reform, support for further European integration and efforts to ‘rebrand’ Britishness, New Labour threatens the 184 Philip Lynch ‘British Way’. Hague rejected claims that Britishness was an historical invention now ripe for modernisation, arguing that it continued to be a unifying force. Hague’s Conservative nation draws upon a traditional Tory attachment to political institutions, a Thatcherite emphasis on

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Abstract only
Niilo Kauppi

electoral politics through the back door provided by the European Parliament. In the second part of Chapter 4, I examined the constitutional reforms of 2000 in the only two semi-presidential political systems in the European Union, France and Finland. In France, the reform seems to have strengthened the president's powers whereas in Finland power was transferred from the president to the government. In both cases, domestic political culture, the power interests of executive politicians - partly in relation to European decision-making - and the window of opportunity

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
Ben Worthy

narrow, partisan level, FOI was an opportunistic policy that served to embarrass the secretive and ‘sleaze’-ridden Conservative government. It also chimed, after the experience of Thatcherism, with a current of Labour Party thought on breaking up power, and locked into a wide-ranging programme of constitutional reforms aimed at redesigning politics. More than this, the idea itself had obtained a powerful magnetic force. It was bound up with Labour’s sense of self and appealed as a policy that symbolised Labour’s radicalism and its new approach towards government and

in The politics of freedom of information
Philip Norton

) Constitutional reform in the UK has taken place in recent decades, especially in the years since 1997, on a substantial scale, but the changes derive from no intellectually coherent approach to constitutional change. There are different approaches (Norton 1982 : 261–94), but reforms that have been implemented by successive governments derive from none of them. They have been implemented as disparate and discrete measures, justified on their individual merits, rather than deriving from a clear articulation of a particular type of constitution deemed most suitable for the

in Reform of the House of Lords
The Ecuadorian experience
Silvia Vega Ugalde

constitutional government. CONAMU’s Executive and its technical team have maintained the organization’s stability during this period of uncertainty. The National Constitutional Assembly met between December 1997 and May 1998. During this time CPME, CONAMU and other women’s organizations developed an active presence, lobbying delegates for the inclusion of a number of constitutional reforms dealing with women. CPME’s strategies for influencing public policy varied 120 CASE STUDIES depending on the specific political circumstances and the changes taking place in state’s women

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?