This book examines the ways in which contentious parades and protests in ‘post-conflict’ Northern Ireland are contested by affective publics mobilised on social media. In this way, it will contribute to the extant interdisciplinary scholarship on digital citizenship and the role of digital media in contemporary social movements. This chapter contextualises the research findings presented throughout this book by exploring three key issues. First, it introduces the contentiouspolitics framework and applies it to the Northern Irish conflict. Second, it explores
This book explores how social media are used by citizens to frame contentious parades and protests in ‘post-conflict’ Northern Ireland. It provides the first in-depth analysis of how Facebook, Twitter and YouTube were used by citizens to contest the 2013 union flag protests and the Ardoyne parade dispute (2014 and 2015). An essential read for researchers interested in digital mis- and disinformation, it will examine how citizens engaged with false information circulating on these platforms that had the potential to inflame sectarian tensions during these contentious episodes. It also considers the implications of this online activity for efforts to build peace in deeply divided societies such as Northern Ireland. The book uses a qualitative thematic approach to analyse Facebook, Twitter and YouTube content generated during the flag protests and Ardoyne parade dispute between 2012 and 2016. It also draws on semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders including bloggers, political commentators and communication officers from the main political parties, as well as the results of a qualitative content analysis of newspaper coverage of these contentious public demonstrations.
Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of
Myfanwy James, Joseph Grace Kasereka, and Shelley Lees
–society relations and the contentiouspolitical economy of aid were
central to shaping debates about the trial. Local discussions centred on the
location of the DRC-EB-001 trial – locally in Goma, regionally in eastern DRC
and internationally in Africa – because it was seen as an indication of whose
lives mattered at the local, national and international scale. In Goma, the trial
was seen as benefitting from existing inequalities, exposing a government-endorsed
politics of life in
Memes and parody accounts are examples of ‘ritualised social media practices’ that are frequently used to provide irreverent commentary on contentiouspolitical issues and hybrid media events ( Highfield, 2016b ). Hashtags such as #flegs hosted public expression about the flag protests that was more often than not irreverent rather than malicious. Much of this activity revolved around parody accounts, with self-styled ‘sitcom’ Loyalists Against Democracy (LAD) emerging as one of the most prominent critics of the protest movement. 1 There was a team of ‘LAD
Throughout this book I have argued that the flag protests marked a watershed moment in terms of contentiouspolitics in Northern Ireland; henceforth social media provided communicative spaces in which citizens made rights claims in this deeply divided society. The extent to which these nascent acts of ‘digital citizenship’ contribute to peacebuilding ultimately depends on the socio-political context in which such claims are made. During periods of political instability, for instance, affective publics mobilised via online platforms may help and hinder efforts
Brecht-inspired versions of 1965–71. Although the 1984–85
Coriolanus was very different in its ideology from the
Ensemble’s 1965 production, both reveal the consequences of
negotiating contentiouspolitical circumstances through Shakespearean
performance. Hall’s topicality and his public denouncements of the
Arts Council may have informed Gordon’s defence of arts funding
produced a contentiouspolitics of lifting
at the Gov. This focus on lifting was often a discussion had by men about
women. At the same time as women were entering non-traditional printing
trades, the industry was increasingly shifting to offset-lithography, as we
have seen in Chapter 4. The move from letterpress to lithography had
the unrealised potential to unseat the dominant gendering of presses as
‘men’s machines’. Again as we have seen in Chapter 4, lithography, unlike
letterpress, did not involve lifting a heavy letterpress forme (frame holding
Chapter 6 examines the issue of naturalism through the lens of Hobbes and seeks to present a Foucauldian critique which goes ‘beyond nature’, replacing naturalism with constructivism as an approach to ethics. Naturalism, from Foucault’s viewpoint, of the sort that Hobbes is committed to, is simply an alternative route to metaphysics, and asserts postulations that are indemonstrable in an attempt to establish grounds for contentious political, economic, and social philosophical standpoints. The chapter also examines arguments from religion as constituting another form of metaphysics, and, in the closing section, provides a Foucauldian critique of modern social contract theory, as exemplified by John Rawls.
This study seeks to delve beyond the familiar image of Ellen Wilkinson as the leader of the Jarrow Crusade. It has attempted to unearth new evidence to provide a richer understanding of this figure who is remarkable in terms of her achievements, her acquaintances and her witnessing of history’s great turning points. From a humble background, she ascended to the rank of Minister in the 1945 Labour government. Yet she was much more than a conventional Labour politician. She wrote journalism, political theory and novels. She was both a socialist and a feminist; at times, she described herself as a revolutionary. She met Lenin, Trotsky and Gandhi. She visited Soviet Russia, the GM sit-down strikes, the Indian civil disobedience campaign, the Spanish Civil War and the Third Reich. While viewed in the collective imagination as ‘Red Ellen’, whose politics were as red as her hair, her ideas were not static and present a series of puzzles. This study seeks to use transnational and social movement theory perspectives to grabble with the complex itinerary of ideas and her relationship with the movements for social transformation. This research is timely because interest in her life remains. This is in part because her principal concerns—working-class representation, the status of women, capitalist crisis, war, anti-fascism—remain central to contentious politics today.
Reconstructing modernity assesses the character of approaches to rebuilding British cities during the decades after the Second World War. It explores the strategies of spatial governance that sought to restructure society and looks at the cast of characters who shaped these processes. It challenges traditional views of urban modernism as moderate and humanist, shedding new light on the importance of the immediate post-war for the trajectory of urban renewal in the twentieth century. The book shows how local corporations and town planners in Manchester and Hull attempted to create order and functionality through the remaking of their decrepit Victorian cities. It looks at the motivations of national and local governments in the post-war rebuilding process and explores why and how they attempted the schemes they did. What emerges is a picture of local corporations, planners and city engineers as radical reshapers of the urban environment, not through the production of grand examples of architectural modernism, but in mundane attempts to zone cities, produce greener housing estates, control advertising or regulate air quality. Their ambition to control and shape the space of their cities was an attempt to produce urban environments that might be both more orderly and functional, but also held the potential to shape society.