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Francoist legacy and transition to democracy
Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet

by the powerful pro-Franco armed and security forces. It was a process without any State-sanctioned mechanisms of retribution, apology or purge of those who had shown their utter disregard and contempt for the values of democracy. This very particular process of democratisation left the former Francoist intelligence, military and security forces almost unchanged and still very influential over policy-making. In effect, the merging of amnesia and amnesty ensured a quasi-total continuity of State and political personnel from the one regime to the other. This strong

in Counter-terror by proxy
Natalya Vince

3 1962: Continuities and discontinuities Tents and villas Lucette Hadj Ali spent six years of the War of Independence living in clandestinity, as a member of Combattants de la Libération (Combatants of Liberation, CDL), a network within the PCA which allied with the FLN in 1956. Obliged to change safe house constantly to avoid arrest, at one point in 1962 she was living with communist leaders Bachir Hadj Ali (whom she would marry in 1963) and Sadek Hadjeres on a road leading from the centre of Algiers up to the heights of El Biar, a favoured residential location

in Our fighting sisters
Catherine J. Frieman

that the rural social networks themselves could be perceived as innately conservative in this specific case. However, archaeological insight into these sorts of individualized decisions and small-scale, short-lived adoption processes is typically limited because of the nature of the materials we study (and increasingly so the further back in time we wish to investigate). One approach to this problem might be to explore industries or domains, such as food production and cooking, that tend towards conservatism. Here, continuity of practice may relate to the fact that

in An archaeology of innovation
From letterpress to offset-lithography
Jesse Adams Stein

4 The continuity of craft masculinities: from letterpress to offset-lithography I could still get on there and operate that, you know.1 – Norm Rigney, former letterpress-machinist Letterpress printing has traditional associations with craftsmanship and masculinity, where a press-machinist’s technologies, tools and manual skill were powerful indicators of identity and social status. But what happened to letterpress-machinists between the 1960s and the 1980s, when the printing industry underwent dramatic technological change? Letterpress had been the dominant

in Hot metal
French historiography from the 1870s to the 1950s
Camille Creyghton

how to be a historian Chapter 4 Generational continuities and composite personae: French historiography from the 1870s to the 1950s Camille Creyghton Introduction One of the most polemical texts the French historical innovator Lucien Febvre (1878–1956) ever produced is entitled: ‘On a form of history that is not ours’.1 It is an article reviewing a small guide to historical method by ‘his old friend’ the medievalist Louis Halphen that, according to Febvre, missed the whole point of what doing history should be by ‘refusing to think the human fact... professing

in How to be a historian
Open Access (free)
How anti-computing time-travels
Caroline Bassett

-computational are at times hardly to seen, at others brilliantly lit. They often appear disconnected, or produce nodes that seem to have risen autonomously, from nowhere at all, or as the direct consequence of something ‘all new’ (AI, automation, platforms, for instance), but they also seem peculiarly familiar, to have recourse to a series of recurrent and pre-existing tropes, or to make connections with earlier sensibilities or formulations. The central problematic of this chapter is how to identify and account for the forms of disjunctive continuity that characterize anti

in Anti-computing
Irish doctors and the British armed forces, 1922–45
Steven O’Connor

steadily in the decade following independence. 3 This chapter examines the reasons behind the imperial continuity in the recruitment of Irish doctors to the British forces. The origins of this recruitment to the British forces lay in a wider medical emigration out of Ireland due to the inability of a predominantly rural and shrinking population to absorb the large number of Irish

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Alan Warde, Jessica Paddock, and Jennifer Whillans

Introduction The previous chapter typified and synthesised approaches to dining out in 2015 as reported by interviewees and respondents to the survey. The impression is of diverse cuisine and informal organisation. This chapter considers the origins of contemporary practices. It is written with an awareness of the difficulty of explaining circumstances where a condition of the continuity of practice is both internal pressures and adjustment to movements in an external environment. Social scientists, social commentators and indeed many other inhabitants of

in The social significance of dining out
Dissident republican strategies and campaigns
Sophie A. Whiting

5 Continuity or dissidence? Dissident republican strategies and campaigns Exploring the origins of various dissident republican groups is important in assessing the catalysts behind their formation. In order to explore their contemporary political outlook and strategic rationale (assuming this might be identified), it is necessary to assess the avowed goals and objectives of each group and how each considers these might somehow be attained. It is also necessary to assess what, if any, political resources or advantages might be available to each group. In the

in Spoiling the peace?
The origins of dissident republicans and their mandate
Sophie A. Whiting

4 Continuity or dissidence? The origins of dissident republicans and their mandate Republicanism is discursive in that it offers an internally differentiated series of ideological possibilities. It contains within it a range of exemplary models, memories, stories and rational political arguments that can be interpreted and reinterpreted through time. The ‘Republican tradition’ may therefore be conceived as a discursively constituted, culturally and politically specific collective resource by which power is contested at the level of the idea.1 Dissident

in Spoiling the peace?