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International intervention and the failure of the West

Liberal cosmopolitanism promised a humane and progressive vision of global reform and improvement, in contrast to the terrible utopian projects of the twentieth century. Yet the efforts to globalise human rights and democracy through force have subverted the liberal international order and produced a new type of cosmopolitan dystopia, in the form of permanent war, jihadist insurrection and a new paternalism embodied in transnational protectorates and the paradigm of ‘sovereignty as responsibility’. Cosmopolitan Dystopia explains how this came about through the rise of humanitarian exceptionalism. The book argues that humanitarian exceptionalism saw humanitarian emergencies as opportunities to develop deeper forms of human solidarity that went beyond nation states, thereby necessitating military responses to each new crisis. This in turn helped to normalise permanent war. As the norm and exception have collapsed into each other, the rules-based order envisioned in traditional liberal internationalism has corroded away. Efforts to embed humanitarian exceptionalism into the international order have undermined the classical liberal ideal of self-determination, with the spread of protectorates and a new paternalist legitimisation of state power in the ‘sovereignty as responsibility’ paradigm.

Christopher G.A. Bryant

). I also do not subscribe to Marquand’s new constitutional doctrine that national self-determination is justifiable only if it is also an instrument for something worthier. Even so I shall outline an argument that Marquand’s disdain for the English is unwarranted insofar as they are generating a cosmopolitan England of growing prominence and rich potential. England is notably

in These Englands
Simone de Beauvoir and a Global Theory of Feminist Recognition
Monica Mookherjee

3 Ambiguity, Existence, Cosmopolitanism: Simone de Beauvoir and a Global Theory of Feminist Recognition Monica Mookherjee Introduction Given the diverse violations of human rights affecting women throughout the world, and the likelihood that such violations misrecognize their moral worth, a

in Recognition and Global Politics
Richard Werbner

6 Friendship, interlocking directorates, cosmopolitanism My own analysis of friendship as a social process among urban elites carries forward three of the interests in Epstein and Mitchell’s studies.1 The first is the broad interest that foregrounds the moral in the social, because it is not reducible to power and its many guises or disguises. An alternative approach, relentlessly rehearsing the social as no more than instrumental or tactical transactions over resources, has become virtually a spent force, after its decades of intellectual dominance, especially

in Anthropology after Gluckman
Stephanie Barczewski

way in which the British elite freely mixed elements from a variety of cultures in their houses in order to demonstrate their cosmopolitan tastes. 3 This process of cultural interchange was not generic, for it related to Britain’s imperial interactions with the world in this era. An inventory of Felbrigg Hall in Norfolk from 1771, for example, lists ‘14 Mahogany chairs’, ‘a very fine India Screen

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930
The Manchester International Club
Bill Williams

A case of cosmopolitanism: the Manchester International Club Bill Williams The liberal elite which came to dominate Manchester politics after Peterloo was excessively proud of its tolerance towards people of all origins, nationalities and religions. Its mouthpiece, the Manchester Guardian, bounced Manchester’s liberality off reports of prejudice, and particularly of anti-Semitism, practised by other people in other places. Such ‘archaic’ intolerance, it reiterated, was out of place in modern Manchester. It gave its support to Jewish emancipation in Britain and

in Culture in Manchester
Ruth Holliday
Meredith Jones
, and
David Bell

160 Beautyscapes: mapping cosmetic surgery tourism 8 Cosmetic convivialities and cosmopolitan beginnings In March 2012 we accompanied three women travelling as part of a package arranged for them by a cosmetic surgery tourism facilitator/agent to Tunisia for a variety of procedures. Lorna, who was 27 and from Scotland, worked on a North Sea oil rig and travelled for a breast augmentation and liposuction; 45-year-old Anita, the owner of an up-market hair salon in the south of England, was having a facelift; and Sally, aged 52, was having breast implants

in Beautyscapes
Britishness, respectability, and imperial citizenship
Charles V. Reed

constitutionalism and loyalty to the British Empire. As a cosmopolitan writer, activist, and intellectual, Peregrino understood himself as being simultaneously ‘native’ and British and consequently made sense of his political and cultural universe in an idiom of Britishness and imperial citizenship. This chapter focuses on the intermediaries of empire, on Western-educated respectables , who made and were made by the

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
The Crystal Palace portrait gallery, c.1854
Jason Edwards

3 The cosmopolitan world of Victorian portraiture: the Crystal Palace portrait gallery, c.1854 Jason Edwards This chapter returns to centre stage the 500 plaster cast portraits, ranging from Homer to Queen Victoria, comprising the Crystal Palace portrait gallery, that ran alongside the better-known, more widely discussed Fine Arts Courts. It considers the portraits as a microcosm of the Palace project, and develops ‘close’ and ‘distant’ readings of Samuel Phillips’s official 1854 guide.1 Countering myopic, insular interpretations of Sydenham as a provincial

in After 1851
A. James Hammerton

4 Migration, cosmopolitanism and ‘global citizenship’ from the 1990s The quest for ‘lifestyle’ in two generations I exist now in a state of limbo. I’ve lived in New Zealand for nearly four years, which my Wellington friends assure me is no time at all. I still have an English accent and gravitate without intention to other English people. But I don’t feel English any more. I don’t read the English news or support England against New Zealand in sport. I knew more about the All Blacks than I did about the British Lions on their recent tour, but I’m still not a

in Migrants of the British diaspora since the 1960S