A commonwealth counselled
Russia’s resonances in late Elizabethan England
That king that is not tied to the laws is a king of slaves. I have been in employments abroad. For the propriety of goods and of liberty, see the mischief of the contrary in other nations. In Muscovy one English mariner with a sword will beat five
Muscovites that are likely to eat him.
Sir Dudley Digges, Commons debates, 1628
Of the Russe Common Wealth presented the betrayal of God’s providence in
Russia as a result of tyrannical government and false religion, rendering the
Secrecy, counsel and ‘outward shows’
he effectiveness of the mechanisms through which James controlled the
expression of opinion, and particularly of print, have attracted considerable debate. Older accounts stressed the strength and oppressiveness of
the censorship regime.1 This view has been challenged by Sheila Lambert,
who has pointed to the gap between the theory and practice of censorship,
suggesting that James and Charles were unable and often unwilling to impose
strict controls.2 More recently, historians have presented a
Thomas Elyot on counsel, kairos and
freeing speech in Tudor England
hat makes speech free? It is usually taken that speech is ‘free’ if it is
not met with punishment from governing authorities.1 ‘Freedom of
speech’ involves a right to speak without fear of governmental reprisal. A
focus on the debates surrounding ‘liberty of speech’ in the Tudor period,
however, leads us to another way of considering the ‘freedom’ of speech: that
it is not the absence of punishment which makes speech free, but rather the
choice to speak freely
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo
violating the safety protocols for
The stress caused by dealing with the pandemic, particularly for those directly
involved, such as care home staff, was immense. Left unchecked, this fear factor
could rapidly lead to mental health consequences. MSF therefore aimed to provide
support and counselling on this issue to residents, families and staff through a
MSF developed lines of work for
-inclusion that is the problem, but rather how it has
manifested within the humanitarian sector.
Does the One Size Fit All?
There will be similarities in interventions for men and women who experience CRSV
– for example, medical, counselling and referral services ( International Rescue Committee, 2008 : 75).
Men who experience CRSV can benefit from existing humanitarian SGBV services.
However, they would benefit more from services designed to address their specific
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti
assumptions about her presumably latent and endless entrepreneurial skills and
tireless energy to work in and beyond her household. Yet, the two initiatives lack a
thoroughgoing critical analysis of the gendered assumptions that underpin such
representation. RefuSHE, however, much more so than the IKEA partnership with the
JRF, recognises traumas, oftentimes induced by conflict and gendered violence, and
offers women temporary counselling, medical and legal services. Across both cases
This study examines how political news was concealed, manipulated and distorted in late Jacobean England. Using a wide range of extraordinarily rich manuscript sources, it analyses how news was managed and interpreted during a period of acute political and religious conflict. It analyses how the flow of information to and from the King was managed by his secretaries of state and diplomats, and how the King prevented information about his policies from leaking in to the wider public sphere. It analyses the ‘outward shows’ James made to signal his intentions and mislead a variety of audiences, as well as they ways in which these ‘performances’ could backfire and undermine royal authority. It also examines the sceptical and often cynical reception of news, and the political significance of the rumours that circulated in court and country. It thereby contributes to a wider range of historical debates that reach across the politics and political culture of the reign and beyond. It advances new arguments about censorship, counsel, and the formation of policy; propaganda and royal image-making; political rumours and the relationship between elite and popular politics, as well as shedding new light on the nature and success of James I’s style of rule. In doing so, it aims to examine news as a source of influence and even power in Jacobean England.
This book is a study of the English Reformation as a poetic and political event. It examines the political, religious and poetic writings of the period 1520-1580, in relation to the effects of confessionalization on Tudor writing. The central argument of the book is that it is a mistake to understand this literature simply on the basis of the conflict between Protestantism and Catholicism. Instead one needs to see Tudor culture as fractured between emerging confessional identities, Protestant and Catholic, and marked by a conflict between those who embraced the process of confessionalization and those who rejected it. Sir Richard Morrison's A Remedy for Sedition was part of the Henrician government's propaganda response to the Pilgrimage of Grace. Edwardian politicians and intellectuals theorized and lauded the idea of counsel in both practice and theory. The book discusses three themes reflected in Gardiner's 1554 sermon: the self, the social effects of Reformation, and the Marian approaches to the interpretation of texts. The Marian Reformation produced its own cultural poetics - which continued to have an influence on Tudor literature long after 1558. The decade following the successful suppression of the Northern Rebellion in 1570 was a difficult one for the Elizabethan regime and its supporters. An overview of Elizabethan poetics and politics explains the extent to which the culture of the period was a product of the political and poetic debates of the early years of the Queen's reign.
In mid-sixteenth-century England, many figures celebrated the achievements of the nation's few female humanists. This book is a study of five remarkable sixteenth-century women. It contextualizes the evidence of the sisters' reading, evaluates it against the prescription for both their male and female contemporaries, and discusses the role of the sisters themselves in directing their reading. Drawing particularly on the sisters' own writings, it demonstrates that the sisters' education extended far beyond that normally allowed for sixteenth-century women. The book challenges the view that women in this period were excluded from using their formal education to practical effect. The evidence of the Cooke sisters' political activities contributes to scholarship on later Tudor political culture. The Cooke sisters' classical learning allowed them opportunities with the written word, particularly in their activities as translators and poets. The book argues that the sisters were able to turn to their humanist education to provide them with strategies for bolstering their advice, particularly over issues of politics and religion, the most contentious areas for female counsel. It looks at the political agency demonstrated in Cooke sisters' correspondence by letters, demonstrating female detailed understanding of and contribution to issues central to Elizabethan politics. The contribution of the Cooke sisters provides another perspective on the key issues of Elizabethan diplomacy, the Queen's marriage and the political divisions of the 1590s. The book also offers a warning against the methodology of past research on the stereotype of the learned woman.
‘Haud inane est quod dico’:
This good Mistris K. you knowe, but yet this I also put yow in mind of; for though
God have blessed you, yet you are but a weake woman, and have need (in the
common frailty of man’s nature) to bee stirred up with exhortation.1
dward Dering, the godly preacher, thus counselled Katherine Cooke Killigrew in a letter of February 1575. Katherine was one of Dering’s many
female correspondents and his letters have been read to show a strong male
religious counsellor offering guidance to a weak female