This book provides a lucid, wide-ranging and up-to-date critical introduction to the writings of Hélène Cixous (1937–). Cixous is often considered ‘difficult’. Moreover she is extraordinarily prolific, having published dozens of books, essays, plays and other texts. Royle avoids any pretence of a comprehensive survey, instead offering a rich and diverse sampling. At once expository and playful, original and funny, this micrological approach enables a new critical understanding and appreciation of Cixous’s writing. If there is complexity in her work, Royle suggests, there is also uncanny simplicity and great pleasure. The book focuses on key motifs such as dreams, the supernatural, literature, psychoanalysis, creative writing, realism, sexual differences, laughter, secrets, the ‘Mother unconscious’, drawing, painting, autobiography as ‘double life writing’, unidentifiable literary objects (ULOs), telephones, non-human animals, telepathy and the ‘art of cutting’. Particular stress is given to Cixous’s work in relation to Sigmund Freud and Jacques Derrida, as well as to her importance in the context of ‘English literature’. There are close readings of Shakespeare, Emily Brontë, P. B. Shelley, Edgar Allan Poe, Lewis Carroll, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce and Samuel Beckett, for example, alongside in-depth explorations of her own writings, from Inside (1969) and ‘The Laugh of the Medusa’ (1975) up to the present. Royle’s book will be of particular interest to students and academics coming to Cixous’s work for the first time, but it will also appeal to readers interested in contemporary literature, creative writing, life writing, narrative theory, deconstruction, psychoanalysis, feminism, queer theory, ecology, drawing and painting.
How do you create a fictional story out of an historical period? What do you need to know about the people, the places, the events? What’s the better inspiration: historical scholarship or popular knowledge? A writer’s guide to Ancient Rome serves as inspiration and a guide to the Roman population, economy, laws, leisure, and religion for the author, student, general reader seeking an introduction to what made the Romans tick. The Guide considers trends and themes from roughly 200 BCE to 200 CE with the occasional foray into the antecedents and legacy on either side of the period. Each chapter explicates its main themes with examples from the original sources. Throughout are suggestions for resources to mine for the subject at hand and particular bits affected by scholarly debate and changing interpretation based on new discoveries or reinterpretation of written and material remains. It’s up to you whether or not you will produce a work of careful verisimilitude or anachronistic silliness (or one of the flavours in between). That’s your call as creator. This little guide is but a brief survey of a vast quantity of resources, sources, and scholarship on the Classical world that is available for reflection, evaluation, interpretation, and creativity. It is intended to open doors for further reading and consideration as you construct your own Roman world – it’s a welcome mat inviting you in to listen to the stories of the Romans and to contribute tales of your own.
chief engineer. The book engineers itself.
If the engine cuts out, it’s a question of being patient. Patience, she suggests, is something ‘with or despite desire’, ‘something continually strange’. 3 You’re aboard, perhaps uncertainly adrift, but things start up again.
✂ Cixous works a sort of magical découpage on creative and critical writing, over all their surfaces – and in the depths.
✂ There are supposedly clear and secure distinctions between ‘critical writing’ and ‘creativewriting’. Each apparently has its own name, its own
Scott, Hogg and Burns, which are studied in less detail.
Creativewriting and the counterfactual canon
But – to ask a slightly different question – will something like this model
come to pass, since it relates to future facts rather than an alternative contemporary history? This is unlikely. Tempting though it may be to invoke
the agency of fashion in support of that estimate, or the tendency of one
age to question the assumptions of the preceding one, it is not necessary
to be so vague. A future idea of Romanticism is much more likely, in
the real world, to follow
, but also in terms of how her critical work (which resides in her so-called fictional writings as well as in her essays) affects our understanding of ‘fiction’, ‘the novel’, ‘poetry’, ‘literature’, ‘creativewriting’, ‘criticism’, ‘narrative theory’, ‘autobiography’, ‘life writing’ and so on. Cixous is not so much ‘a writer’s writer’, as a poetic thinker who compels us to develop new ways of approaching both creative and critical writing, both literature and literary criticism and theory.
Historians, critics and theorists alike have tended to overlook
. Their voices all found their way into
the poem, expressing the many tensions between the older and contemporary ways of life, and our differing approaches to what we mean by
‘nature’. (Porteous 2014: 10–11)
In this respect, Porteous is following a similar formula to Alice Oswald
in her long poem ‘Dart’, although it is very different in tone and effect
Interpretation is a broad practice that embodies, creativewriting and
art, constructing ideas of place, explaining the natural environment and
promoting a corporate identity. While projects like that on
Shifting racial and gender identities in Caucasia and Middlesex
[the] adolescent girl’s body becomes a perfect stage on which to illustrate the tenuousness of both whiteness and blackness because so much of the girl’s identity is intricately linked to her physical body, and it is on the physical body that we expect racial identity to make itself visible. 2
Crucially, in both novels, the protagonists also engage, with varying degrees of commitment and success, in the act of creativewriting, which serves to reflect back inevitably upon the authorship of the novels themselves. If the novel of adolescence
debates concerning appropriate relations between
literature and theology are not a primary concern. There are many reasons
why this is so. Chief among these is the fact that literature written by
women is so rich in its references to the divine.
Early works of feminist criticism celebrated the discovery of this remarkable spiritual legacy and demonstrated how the spiritual radicalism of women’s
creativewriting posed a direct challenge to the conventions of domestic piety
usually deemed appropriate to women. For this reason women authors often
found it necessary to
Writers in British society and tales of their private lives and personal affairs
-being in British, American and European culture during the eras in which they lived. The films consider how the writers’ desires for stability and security in their ongoing relationships were also sometimes at odds with their wishes to be free and unconfined so that their creativewriting could best flourish. Plath and Murdoch’s stories interrogate the nature and sustainability of heterosexual partnerships enshrined in marriage, while Oscar Wilde (without perhaps intending to do so) ended up questioning the whole basis of sexual relationships between various partners in
: What wisdom do they have about the land? What really matters to them? What challenges do they face? What is the value of the unique culture of Lakeland hill farming? While Edwards covered much the same ground as the Frasers in his report discussed above, his account was in the prose style of an environmental adviser. The Land Keepers project output was in the form of creativewriting and photographic images, which are available on the website. They also published a book, in a limited edition of 500, Land Keepers ( 2014 ). The authors give the catalysts for this