London crimescenes in the 1930s
Suspicious death cases in the 1930s portray a London whose brilliant
public and commercial life concealed a darker and shabbier poverty.
Although stranger murders in London’s cosmopolitan Soho involving
foreign restaurant workers and prostitutes captured newspaper
headlines in the 1930s, this chapter also reveals a much more intimate
picture of violence in which most victims and perpetrators knew
each other, and in which women and children were the main victims.
Parents driven to desperation by unemployment and
In the mid-1990s, the crime scene toolkit was revolutionised by the introduction of
DNA-based analyses such as the polymerase chain reaction, low copy number DNA analysis,
short-tandem repeat typing, pulse-field gel electrophoresis and variable number tandem
repeat. Since then, methodological advances in other disciplines, especially molecular
microbial ecology, can now be adapted for cutting-edge applications in forensic contexts.
Despite several studies and discussions, there is, however, currently very little evidence
of these techniques adoption at the contemporary crime scene. Consequently, this article
discusses some of the popular omics and their current and potential exploitations in the
forensic ecogenomics of body decomposition in a crime scene. Thus, together with published
supportive findings and discourse, knowledge gaps are identified. These then justify the
need for more comprehensive, directed, concerted and global research towards
state-of-the-art microecophysiology method application and/or adaptation for subsequent
successful exploitations in this additional context of microbial forensics.
This article presents an account of the involvement of forensic anthropology in the
investigation of human rights abuses in the modern era, and the difficulties it faces with
respect to lack of adequate funding, volatile settings, the presence of unexploded
ordnance, corruption in governmental agencies and a lack of good will, absence of support
for NGOs and the curtailment of formal judicial proceedings to effect transitional
justice. Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Spain, Mexico and the Northern Triangle are provided as
regional examples of the problems encountered when attempting to conduct forensic
anthropological investigations to locate mass graves, retrieve victims and obtain proper
identifications. Interventions by various organisations are highlighted to illustrate
their assistance to forensic and non-forensic individuals through technical support,
training and mentoring in the areas of crime-scene management and identification
techniques. Interventions in mass-grave processing when state agencies have failed, the
importance of DNA banks and information from family members and witnesses are also
Criminal cases and the projection of expectations about forensic DNA technologies in the Portuguese press
were selected from 1995 to 2010 based on
the reported use of forensic DNA technologies, and the factors for their
prolonged newsworthiness and coverage in daily newspapers.
The second part draws on extracts from the newspaper
coverage of the criminal cases, exploring the senses and meanings about
forensic science that are portrayed. The emerging popularity of the
CSI – CrimeScene Investigation
utter contradiction. Against the grain of the sound-led substance of television and its style of mirroring the visual with the audio, we have audiovisual disjunction.
The visit to the crimescene at the beginning of Episode 1 presents a remarkable instance of such audiovisual disjunction. Drebin has just arrived at a credit union branch where the teller has been shot dead, and meets his boss, Captain Hocken, at the door outside the bank. The dialogue is:
HOCKEN: An attempted hold
Murder Capital is a historical study of suspicious deaths, unexpected deaths whose circumstances required official investigation, in mid-twentieth-century London. Suspicious deaths – murders in the family and by strangers, infanticides and deaths from illegal abortions – reveal moments of personal and communal crisis in the social fabric of the city. The intimate details of these crimes revealed in police investigation files, newspaper reports and crime scene photographs hint at the fears and desires of people in London before, during and after the profound changes brought by the dislocations of the Second World War. By setting the institutional ordering of the city against the hidden intimate spaces where crimes occurred and were discovered, the book presents a new popular history of the city, in which urban space circumscribed the investigation, classification and public perceptions of crime.
Catherine Deneuve has made five films with André Téchiné, more than with any other director she has worked with in her long career: Hôtel des Amériques, Le Lieu du crime/Scene of the Crime, Ma saison préférée/My Favourite Season, Les Voleurs/Thieves and Les Temps qui changent. In order to investigate the meanings of this connection, this chapter examines the established literature in film studies on Deneuve's star persona. The relationship between art and popular cinema in Deneuve's output can also be expressed in terms of the distinction between 'star' and acteur fétiche. Aspects of the pre-existing Deneuve persona (autonomous, empowered) happily encounter Téchiné's narratives of change, transformation, plurality, and becoming. Finally, and to take a distance from questions of stardom and acting technique, it is possible to see in the supremely cinematic Deneuve face one of the best examples of what Deleuze and Guattari call visagéité, or facialisation.
The forensic and political lives of secondary mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina
This paper will examine the excavation of mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which has evolved into a significantly standardized yet methodologically flexible set of procedures based on integrated principles of forensic archaeology, forensic anthropology and crime scene processing – the overall goal of which is to maximize the collection and documentation of all sets of human remains, forensic artifacts and features for the purposes of establishing an objective historical record, supporting the criminal justice process and the victim identification process. In particular, the phenomenon of the secondary mass grave will be explored. Why might a secondary mass grave play a distinct role from a primary mass grave, and in what ways, and for whom? Through an (admittedly implicit) description of the actor-network in which these graves are embedded, and the many sorts of actants with which they are in relation, the authors will attempt to describe the precarious and shifting place of Bosnia’s secondary mass graves in the country’s processes of social reconciliation and peace-building.
discovered, like the skeletal remains of infants found in bombed-out
houses in 1945 and 1946. Post-war police investigations of crime
sought to increase forensic control over a more anonymous and varied
urban space in the wake of unsolved murders and bodies discovered
in bomb sites and abandoned shelters.
Crimescene photography played an essential role in reinforcing
and creating narratives of urban criminality. While the legacy of
Alphonse Bertillon and Hans Gross emphasized police use of the
camera as an objective recorder of the scene of the crime, police
. This study
will compare such deaths across the various boundaries of the city,
and demonstrate how deadly violence changed in character during
and after the Second World War. Police investigations, newspaper
reporting and crimescene photographs will uncover intimate details
of the daily lives of London’s inhabitants and the transformations
wrought by war in the fabric of the city itself.2 While many of the
more notorious murders under discussion were widely represented in
the press, Murder Capital will also examine categories of suspicious
deaths left out of the