This book examines the intersection between incarceration and human rights. It is about why independent inspection of places of custody is a necessary part of human rights protection, and how that independence is manifested and preserved in practice. Immigration and asylum policies ask crucial questions about national identity, about human rights, and about our values as compassionate citizens in an era of increasingly complex international challenges. The book deals with the future of prisons and shows how the vulnerable population has been unconscionably treated. To arrive at a proper diagnosis of the expansive use and abuse of the prison in the age of economic deregulation and social insecurity, it is imperative that we effect some analytic breaks with the gamut of established approaches to incarceration. The book explores the new realities of criminal confinement of persons with mental illness. It traces the efforts of New Right think-tanks, police chiefs and other policy entrepreneurs to export neoliberal penality to Europe, with England and Wales acting as an 'acclimatization chamber'. In a series of interventions, of which his Oxford Amnesty Lecture is but one, Loic Wacquant has in recent years developed an incisive and invaluable analysis of the rise and effects of what he calls the penal state.
rights violations that have
occurred, and continue to occur, in what I am calling ‘old’ psychiatric institutions.
During the second half of the twentieth century, however, many of these old institutions were closed as part of a social compact with mentally ill persons and their
families to provide community care. The deinstitutionalisation movement, however,
resulted in new places of conﬁnement for this population: jails, prisons, and homeless shelters. In the second part of this essay, I will explore the new realities of
criminalconﬁnement of persons with mental
and more. After all, this was the ‘hot topic’ among all layers of Russian
society and it was a factor in his literary success. Even as he defended his
sanity in the press, Andreev, as I shall argue, further explored these ideas
in his writing, and began to see his own life within this social construct
of illness. It is therefore important to examine Andreev’s biographical
and fictional texts as one illness narrative, as the author’s perception of
illness informed by degeneration theory. After all, previous studies have
bestowed great importance on