Deportation limbo traces the efforts of two Nordic welfare states, Denmark and Sweden, to address the so-called implementation gap in deportation enforcement. It offers an original, empirically grounded account of how often-futile, injurious policy measures devoted to pressuring non-deported people to leave are implemented and contested in practice. In doing so, it presents a critique of the widespread, normalised use of detention, encampment, and destitution, which routinely fail to enhance deportations while exposing deportable people to conditions that cause their premature death. The book takes the ‘deportation limbo’ as a starting point for exploring the violent nature of borders, the racial boundaries of welfare states, and the limits of state control over cross-border mobility. Building on unprecedented access to detention and deportation camps and migration offices in both countries, it presents ethnographic material capturing frontline officials’ tension-ridden efforts to regulate non-deported people using forced deportation, incarceration, encampment, and destitution. Using a continuum of state violence as the analytical lens, the book offers a uniquely comprehensive account of how the borders of Nordic welfare states are drawn through practices that subject racialised ‘others’ to expulsion, incarceration, and destitution. The book is the first to systematically document the renewed deportation turn in Denmark and Sweden, and to critically examine its implications: for the people targeted by intensified deportation measures, and for the individual officials, institutions, and societies enforcing them. It offers an important, critical contribution to current debates on the violence of deportation regimes, the politico-bureaucratic structures and practices that sustain them, and their human costs.
Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.
Deporting Black Britons provides an ethnographic account of deportation from the UK to Jamaica. It traces the painful stories of four men who were deported after receiving criminal convictions in the UK. For each of the men, all of whom had moved to the UK as children, deportation was lived as exile – from parents, partners, children and friends – and the book offers portraits of survival and hardship in both the UK and Jamaica. Based on over four years of research, Deporting Black Britons describes the human consequences of deportation, while situating deportation stories within the broader context of policy, ideology, law and violence. It examines the relationship between racism, criminalisation and immigration control in contemporary Britain, suggesting new ways of thinking about race, borders and citizenship in these anti-immigrant times. Ultimately, the book argues that these stories of exile and banishment should orient us in the struggle against violent immigration controls, in the UK and elsewhere.
deaths is shifted from the state to the
migrant,3 accompanied by a moral shifting of responsibility for the fact of migration, as well as for dignifying and identifying the bodies of migrants found on EU
Criticalborderstudies has increasingly turned to both Foucault’s biopolitics and
Agamben’s concept of bare life, understood as what remains when human existence
is stripped of the encumbrances of social location and bereft of the qualifications
of political inclusion and belonging (Agamben 1998). Politics for Agamben is an
ongoing tension between inclusion
( 2006 ) Torture Taxi: On the Trail of the CIA's Rendition Flights . New York : Melville House Publishing .
Parker , N.
( 2009 ) ‘ Lines in the sand: Towards an agenda for criticalborderstudies ’, Geopolitics , 14 ( 3 ): 582–7 .
Parks , L.
( 2017 ) ‘ Networks ’, in I
A discourse view on the European Community and the abolition of border controls in the second half of the 1980s
. Mai, J. Moll, and A.
Vion, 2014. ‘The AntiAtlas of Borders: A Manifesto’,
Journal of Borderlands Studies 29(4): 503–12.
Parker, N. and N. Vaughan-Williams,
2009. ‘Lines in the Sand? Towards an Agenda for CriticalBorderStudies’, Geopolitics 14(3): 582–7.
Rose, N., 1999. Powers of
Freedom: Reframing Political Thought , Cambridge: Cambridge
The 2008 Italy–Libya Friendship Treaty and thereassembling of Fortress Europe
Chiara De Cesari
lives on European borders since 2000 (Jansen, Celikates, and de Bloois 2015a),
many in accidents on what has been called ‘la Mer Mortelle’.1 The thickening
of Europe’s borders is a multi-layered process, marked by ontological multidimensionality (Van Houtum 2012: 405); it involves material and immaterial
dimensions that illustrate well the nature of borders as complex assemblages
crossing scales and exceeding their most immediate material manifestations.
Much recent work in criticalborderstudies, especially concerning Europe, has
emphasized how globalization
surveil bodies as part of the domesticating state. However,
despite a complex and highly developed conception of the border, studies
of borders, both from within migration studies and even from criticalborderstudies, still broadly remain fixated on the evolving and contemporary nature of borders – and in doing so deny their colonial
histories and orientations.
Whilst the ‘line-in-the-sand’ definition of borders has long been
disputed and transformed, borders are still largely equated with state
sovereignty, the nation state and practices of immigration (Parker and