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Approaches to Labour politics and history

This book is an attempt to take stock of how some of the British Labour Party's leading interpreters have analysed their subject, deriving as they do from contrasting political, theoretical, disciplinary and methodological backgrounds. It explores their often-hidden assumptions and subjects them to critical evaluation. The book outlines five strategies such as materialist; ideational; electoral; institutional; and synthetic strategies. Materialist, ideational and electoral explanatory strategies account for Labour's ideological trajectory in factors exogenous to the party. The 'new political history' is useful in understanding Labour within a less reductive framework than either the 'high' or 'from below' approaches and in more novel terms than the Left-Right positions adopted within Labour. The book assesses the contribution made to analysis of the Labour Party and labour history by thinkers of the British New Left. New Left critiques of labourism in fact represented and continued a strand of Marxist thinking on the party that can be traced back to its inception. If Ralph Miliband's role in relation to 'Bennism' is considered in comparison to his earlier attitudes, some striking points emerge about the interaction between the analytical and subjective aspects in his interpretive framework. Miliband tried to suggest that the downfall of communism was advantageous for the Left, given the extent to which the Soviet regimes had long embarrassed Western socialists such as himself. The Nairn-Anderson theses represented an ambitious attempt to pioneer a distinctive analysis of British capitalist development, its state, society and class structure.

Digital Skills Training and the Systematic Exclusion of Refugees in Lebanon
Rabih Shibli
and
Sarah Kouzi

Although almost all of surveyed graduates (98 per cent) expressed overall satisfaction with the digital skills curriculum and teaching methods, this did not directly transform into job prospects. The generally restrictive policy and regulatory context, alongside ICT-related exclusion, undermined the potential of digital skills training to benefit refugees’ access to employment. While some benefits clearly emerged from the training, a critical evaluation of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Intermediating the Internet Economy in Digital Livelihoods Provision for Refugees
Andreas Hackl

backdrop of a deepening marketisation of refugee-serving aid. It will then discuss the various forms of intermediation across connectivity and skill gaps in current digital livelihoods initiatives. This is followed by a critical evaluation of the limited capacity of these initiatives to negotiate and recalibrate the conditions imposed by the internet economy, including the value of labour it predetermines. Methods The research behind this

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Insight from Northeast Nigeria
Chikezirim C. Nwoke
,
Jennifer Becker
,
Sofiya Popovych
,
Mathew Gabriel
, and
Logan Cochrane

acknowledge and incorporate gender but are not reflective of their socio-cultural dynamics, thereby doing nothing to address barriers posed by or against gender norms. Gender Transformative Goes beyond simply acknowledging to critically evaluating gender dynamics in humanitarian contexts. Works towards understanding and addressing power dynamics in the society as manifested in norms, roles, and ideologies. Aims at instituting or supporting equitable systems for gender equality. Outcome Projects/Programmes that challenge ideas or systems that reproduce gender

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva
,
Ann-Christin Zuntz
,
Ruba al Akash
,
Ayat Nashwan
, and
Areej Al-Majali

Jordanian neighbours as clients. It does not free Syrians from the trap of informality, nor does it provide them with a stable income. Younger women who do not engage in ‘entrepreneurship at home’ complained to us that they lacked the necessary skills and could not find childcare. Critical evaluations of livelihoods programmes have led scholars to reformulate the question: instead of simply producing more formal (but potentially exploitative) jobs for refugees in host countries

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Jemma Field

Denmark Situated across the sartorial landscape of Denmark-Norway, Scotland, and England, Chapter 4 draws on textual and pictorial evidence to critically evaluate the ability of garments and jewellery to make statements of identity, allegiance, and belonging. The discussion extends beyond the body of the queen to consider the apparel of her householders – many of whom were issued with garments in distinct, denotative colours, fabrics, and styles – and the place that clothing and jewels held for Anna in the highly politicised world of gift-exchange. This chapter presents

in Anna of Denmark
Open Access (free)
Stan Metcalfe
and
Alan Warde

with economic matters highlights their mutually instituted nature in market capitalism. The second chapter, by Andrew Sayer, provides a critical evaluation of the idea of the market as the definitive form of co-ordination and of the socially embedded nature of market processes. Sayer draws attention, first, to the multiple uses of the word ‘market’ and to the difference between the market in general and markets in particular. The inclusiveness of the market definition determines the scope of what is to be explained and how. As an exemplar, Sayer addresses the

in Market relations and the competitive process
Sophie A. Whiting

refuse to reject the utility of violence as a modus ­operandi and join an exclusively political process. MAD0080 - WHITING 9780719095726 PRINT.indd 143 28/01/2015 16:20 144 Spoiling the peace? This chapter will focus on the origins and strategies of various armed republican factions that emerged before and after the GFA. Analysis will focus on the nature of the threat posed by dissidents as well as communal difference in the perception of this threat and the repercussions this may have for community relations. Critical evaluation will also be given to the

in Spoiling the peace?
The phenomenon of the eighteenth-century English landscape garden
John Harrison

).9 These accounts vary from just a few lines of general observation through to the detailed reports we have from Horace Walpole.10 Furthermore, much of the garden content listed in visitor  accounts is corroborated by extant financial details for Stourhead.11 Stourhead has often been cited as an influence on English Gardens in Europe, but very little specific evidence for this has so far been presented. In this chapter I will consider specific elements of Stourhead and critically evaluate the evidence for their influence on the gardens at Wörlitz in Germany and

in Travel and the British country house
Abstract only
Philip Hammond

critically evaluating the role of the media was the landing of US troops at the start of Operation Restore Hope. Fifteen articles in December 1992 commented on the publicity surrounding the arrival of the marines, who came ashore as if they were mounting an assault on a military objective only to be met by scores of Western journalists. 15 The sardonic tone of Dowden’s reports was typical of many. Describing the operation as

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts