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European monarchies and overseas empires

Crowns and Colonies is a set of sixteen original essays by distinguished international scholars that explore the relationship between European monarchies and overseas empires. The essays argue that during much of the history of colonialism there existed a direct and important link between most colonial empires and the institutions of monarchy. The contributions, which encompass the British, French, Dutch, Italian and German empires, examine the constitutional role of the monarchs in overseas territories brought under their flag, royal prerogatives exercised in the empires, individual connections between monarchs and their colonial domains, such aspects of monarchical rule as royal tours and regalia, and the place of indigenous hereditary rulers in the colonial system. Several chapters also focus on the evolution of the Queen as Head of the Commonwealth and former British colonies.

New Zealand’s Maori King movement and its relationship with the British monarchy
Vincent O’Malley

easy to see how tribes that remained ‘loyal’ to the Crown throughout the tumultuous New Zealand Wars conflict over land and sovereignty of the mid-nineteenth century might remain strongly attached to the British monarchy today (even if their supposed ‘loyalty’ was a much more nuanced stance than is sometimes appreciated). 3 The more intriguing question is why those

in Crowns and colonies
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Ritual and politics in France before the Revolution
Author: Anne Byrne

In May 1774, Louis XV died, triggering a sequence of rituals unseen in fifty-nine years. This book explores how these one-in-a-reign rituals unfolded fifteen years before the Revolution. From the deathbed of Louis XV, the book covers his funeral, the lit de justice of November 1774, and the coronation of Louis XVI and related ceremonies in June 1775, relating them all to the politics of the day. Threads of continuity emerge from this closely woven narrative to form a compelling picture of these ceremonies in the dynamic culture of 1770s France. Light is shed on the place of monarchy, the recall of the parlements and the conduct of the coronation. This study provides an overview of the current state of the field of ritual studies in English and French, situating ritual in relation to court studies as well as political history. It covers court life, the relationship between the monarch and the parlement, the preparation of large-scale rituals and the ways in which those outside the court engaged with these events, providing rich detail on this under-researched period. Written in a clear, lively style, this book is the ideal text for the non-specialist and, as each chapter deals with one ritual, it lends itself readily to undergraduate teaching of topics around monarchy, court society, ritual, and politics, including the Maupeou coup. More advanced students and specialists on the period will find new perspectives and information presented in an engaging manner.

Monarchy and the consequences of republican India
H. Kumarasingham

Can crowns be returned? Clement Attlee thought so. Only two months before Indian Independence in August 1947, the Prime Minister asked his sovereign, George VI, the last Emperor of India, whether the Imperial State Crown of India should be given back to the Indians (and Pakistanis) if they left the Commonwealth as they ultimately had paid for it. 1 The King, along with the potential loss of

in Crowns and colonies
François-Joseph Ruggiu

repeated at different moments of the early modern period, lies the problem of the constitutional and political relations between the French Crown and the French colonies. Was every overseas territory automatically a colony? Did the existence of overseas territories automatically make an empire? To answer these questions, three working hypotheses have been advanced. The first is that the imperial framework of

in Crowns and colonies
Miles Taylor

off. As they did in New Zealand, where Prime Minister John Key admitted during the Cambridges’ visit there that the time frame for changing his country’s relationship with the British Crown had moved ‘considerably further out’. 2 There is nothing like a visiting royal to quell republicanism or at least to confuse the issues. At significant foundational moments of Australian history, a royal has been

in Crowns and colonies
Preparing the coronation, 1774–75
Anne Byrne

engagement and interest in this supposedly antiquated ritual. Through a close, contextualised reading of the ceremonies, the next three chapters will show that, in fact, the coronation provides some of the best examples of grandiose and less glamourous rituals together forming part of a meaningful whole with each individual ceremonial moment having its own history and meaning. The coronation was not simply the moment when the king was crowned but also the setting for several other ceremonies with diverse origins and purposes: entry into Reims, Vespers in the cathedral, a

in Death and the crown
The repatriation of the Kandyan regalia to Ceylon
Robert Aldrich

The regalia of a monarchy are its most potent symbols. In the Western tradition, they include a throne, crown, sceptre and sword, objects made of precious metals and gemstones and richly decorated with heraldic and symbolic motifs. 1 Often they are of considerable age and historical significance and invested with a quasi-religious aura. They figure in coronation ceremonies and other state occasions

in Crowns and colonies
Dividing the Crown in early colonial New South Wales, 1808–10
Bruce Baskerville

’ about it all? 2 What does an examination of great seals reveal about relationships between the Crown and the exercise of royal authority in settler colonies, and about the evolving relationships between British sovereigns, their viceregal representatives and loyal or rebellious subjects in overseas possessions at a crucial moment in British imperial history? The Great Seal of the

in Crowns and colonies
Robert Aldrich and Cindy McCreery

The word ‘empire’ conjures up both the idea of a dynastic lineage of emperors and empresses and the idea of a collection of conquered territories, particularly overseas colonies. Indeed, many colonial empires were ruled over by the crowned heads of metropolitan powers. Some of the Holy Roman Emperors in early modern Europe reigned over Spanish colonial possessions in the

in Crowns and colonies