2 ‘Cultural difference’, citizenship and young people: intellectual responses Introduction While it may be exaggerated to argue that young people of North African origin are simply ‘the products’ of the political and intellectual climate of the last thirty years, their attitudes will nevertheless have been informed by the ambient political and intellectual discourses, their representations and their polemics. In terms of intellectual discourse, we can distinguish three main areas of academic debate concerning North African immigration in contemporary France
One of the dominant impressions given by the sculpture of Anish Kapoor is of haunting. In and around the definite presences, the manifest shining, brightly coloured forms, lie a series of baffling absences; the shades of presences that are in excess of the work, or the shadows of meanings not yet grasped. Perhaps this is most evident in the work that announces its haunting in its title, the spectral sculpture Ghost (1997), in which a sliver of light, caught dancing in the polished interior of a rugged block of Kilkenny limestone, becomes not only the `presence‘ that occupies the work but also a symbol of all that it is unable to embody and leaves hovering about its fringes and borders. This Ghost is Kapoor‘s haunted house sculpture; a sculpture in which the mysterious agency that unnerves the viewer is both the most significant occupant of its limestone mansion and, paradoxically, its most insignificant, or unsignifiable omission.
Poe‘s poetry and fiction are full of cultural and religious references to the Near East. This essay suggests that Poe‘s invocations of the Near East are part of a deliberately anti-representational strategy for dealing with cultural difference that constitutes part of Poe‘s understanding of one of his most central concepts, the ‘arabesque’. This anti-representational strategy is built on Poe‘s sympathetic reading of texts associated with the Near East, Islam, and Arab and Persian cultures.
-Governmental Organizations on Humanitarian Standards and Cultural Differences, Geneva: International Committee of the Red Cross and the Geneva Foundation, December ( Geneva : International Committee of the Red Cross ), www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/misc/57jq4g.htm (accessed 30 August 2020 ). Slim , H. ( 2015a
) calls ‘the most challenging category to capture and reflect accurately in the global data’ due to various kinds of underreporting. The Humanitarian Practice Network’s Good Practice Review 8: Operational Security Management in Violent Environments discusses sexual aggression largely against a backdrop of cultural difference ( HPN, 2010 : 212), while Stoddard (2020 : 87–97) discusses it in detail only relating to the Terrain
operate in non-government-controlled Syria through these local NGOs and local Syrian healthcare workers. For local healthcare workers, though this improved resources substantially, it limited the power of local governance structures, excluded many local actors who did not have the capacity to acquire the necessary licensing ( Ekzayez, 2018 ) and produced challenges of accountability to external parties with cultural differences, and differing funding goals ( Bdaiwi et al. , 2020 ). Throughout the Syrian conflict and across all roles healthcare workers have played
The Irish mind has enabled the Irish to balance and accommodate imagination and intellect, emotion and reason, poetry and science. The notion of cultural difference is not just an Irish story, but a story of nations and ethnic groups all over the world. The story of modernity revolves around people coming to see and understand themselves as belonging to nations. Although there were other European nations that made Catholicism a keystone of national difference, there were many factors that made the Irish project different. The idea of creating a society that had a collective vision and commitment without being socialist became an ideal of the Catholic Church during the latter half of the twentieth century. The Church did, nevertheless, have a profound influence on Irish society and culture. The extent to which the Catholic Church shaped and influenced Irish politics has been the subject of much research and debate. The power of the Catholic Church in politics stemmed from the power it developed in the modernisation of Irish society and, in particular, the controlling of sexuality, marriage and fertility. During the first half of the twentieth century, the Irish developed a particular aversion to marriage. For many nations and ethnic groups, what binds people together is that they speak the same language. It may well be that for generations many Irish people identified the Irish language, music and sport as an inhibitor in embracing a less insular and more urbane, cosmopolitan disposition.
4147 Inglis–Are the Irish different_BB_Layout 1 29/07/2014 09:27 Page 222 21 Searching for and explaining difference Tom Inglis There is always a danger in studying Ireland that, instead of questioning the stories and myths about Irish cultural difference, we end up reproducing them. In the absence of appropriate theoretical frameworks that help shine a light on where to look for difference and, at the same time, the absence of rigorous methods that enable the gathering of empirical data, those of us involved in Irish studies may perpetuate the very differences
4147 Inglis–Are the Irish different_BB_Layout 1 29/07/2014 09:26 Page 1 1 Introduction Tom Inglis There was a moment during the European Soccer Championships in 2012 when it seemed that Irish cultural difference was, once again, being firmly etched into the annals of global culture. Although their team had been heavily defeated by Spain, and eliminated from the competition without having won one of its matches, supporters of the team who had travelled in their thousands across Europe, instead of perhaps booing the team from the pitch, cheered and clapped them
is one where all ethnic groups feel integrated and included. In other words, although cultural differences should be tolerated and protected, it is desirable for all groups to integrate into mainstream British culture. This image is very much how traditional Jewish communities in Britain have dealt with the problem. Ouseley was also suggesting that the reason why youths from ethnic minorities (mainly Muslim in the case of the 2001 riots) were so disaffected was that they felt alienated from British society. It was not so much that they experienced direct