Art and culture are supposed to bring society together. Culture is bad for you challenges the received wisdom that culture is good for us. It does this by demonstrating who makes who and consumes culture are marked by significant inequalities and social divisions. The book combines the first large-scale study of social mobility into cultural and creative jobs, hundreds of interviews with creative workers, and a detailed analysis of secondary datasets. The book shows how unpaid work is endemic to the cultural occupations, excluding those without money and contacts. It explores unequal access to cultural education and demonstrates the importance of culture in childhood. The book looks at gender inequalities, analysing key moments when women leave cultural occupations, while men go on to senior roles. Culture is bad for you also theorises the mechanisms underpinning the long-term and long-standing class crisis in cultural occupations. In doing so it highlights the experiences of working-class origin women of colour as central to how we understand inequality. Addressing the intersections between social mobility, ethnicity, and gender, the book argues that the creative sector needs to change. At the moment cultural occupations strengthen social inequalities, rather than supporting social justice. It is only then that everyone in society will be able to say that culture is good for you.
my hobby. I’m lucky to have a job that is also my hobby to some extent. I do spend a lot of my spare time doing that.
Lauren, a White, middle-class origin woman in her twenties was working in a museum at the time of interview. She told us work was her hobby, and that it reflected her friends who were similarly committed to artistic and cultural occupations.
Key theorists of culturalwork have noted that while working in occupations that elicit happiness and fulfilment is a good thing, the blurring of life and work, of jobs and hobbies, has potentially
and culturalwork coming
out the experience of immigration from Turkey. I began by establishing a list of
organisations in France that identified themselves as Turkish or Franco-Turkish.
Looking primarily at their websites, I determined which organisations seemed to
create or support cultural production among their immediate members and the
larger community of people with family origins in Turkey. I met with leaders and
representatives from these organisations (‘gatekeepers’ in anthropological parlance), who generously took the time to explain yet again the
can still be understood as embodying
a particular response to the racialisation of space.
Secondly, we need to trace the pathways by which house had come
to London, long before the acid house outburst of 1987. Through import
record shops, pirate radio shows and the culturalwork of a group of
dedicated but, during rare groove, somewhat marginalised DJs and
sound systems, house music and its practices had been seeding the
ground for the rave explosion for several years. The club scene innovated
From Ibiza to London: Brixton
Revenge and constitutional commentary in the Western
Justin A. Joyce
what was once an ostensibly clearer
landscape of equity or justice.
I argue, however, that the Western gunslinger is instead a progressive
figure, an emblem of the culturalwork done in the world by popular
culture and of the interrelated evolution of cultural and legal regimes.
Simply put, the gunslingers’ means are the ends. The stylistic imperatives
of the Western gunslinger’s delivery of justice enact a complex array of
normative constraints. I read the culturalwork of the Western genre as
an emotional or rhetorical thinking-through, an anxious reification, of a
But there’s a fifth figure who doesn’t make it
into the 1615 illustration (or even, except in passing, into this book);
a figure who’s as much a ‘precedent’ as the others.
She’s Isabella. The wife. The mother. She bears thinking about,
not least for her legacy. This chapter, then, gives her Doing
Kyd ’s last word, an epilogue that also serves as a prologue
for the continuing culturalwork that
Race, culture and power in the Trinidad ‘Carnival Queen’ beauty competition, 1946–59
by drawing together the threads of a diffuse discussion
of Carnival-refinement, a process which began in the last two decades of
the nineteenth century. It identifies Carnival-refinement as the culturalwork of contending white and brown nationalisms. Carnival-refinement
was replete with its own language of ‘cleaning’, used by the press and
by the civic watchmen overseeing improvement strategies. Both arms
of this movement preferred to remove, control and replace the ‘coarser’
elements of Carnival with that which was thought to be more desirable.
orphan characters, linked to social and political developments in the
USA. We also address ideas of the orphan, childhood, and family, and
how these ideas operate in social and academic debates over multiculturalism, the US canon, and national belonging. These contexts
are an important basis for our subsequent analyses of orphanhood,
kinship, and cultural memory in contemporary American novels
featuring Native American, Euro-American, and African American
Orphans and American literature
Orphans, literature, and cultural memory
nineteenth century, for the purpose of amusement and instruction.
It is this intersection between pasts and present in childhood culture that this volume seeks to explore: how does comparing and assessing multiple pasts help us understand their unique culturalwork in the British imagination? What was the significance of encountering pasts juxtaposed or individually? And how can visual, material and performance cultures enhance our understanding of pasts at play? These timely
informed gay identity. 10 The men who constituted Him ’s audience were thus encouraged to see, to borrow from a 1981 political manifesto by the American journalist and book editor Michael Denneny, ‘gay pornography’ as ‘by and large a positive fulfilment that counteracts the nightmarish fears of our adolescent years and, as such, is politically progressive’. 11
In narrating the particular developments associated with the publication of Him Exclusive, Him International and Him Monthly and highlighting the culturalwork that pornography did for gay men in the