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‘Showered with kindness?’
Author: Heike Wieters

This book provides a historical account of the NGO Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe (CARE) as one of the largest humanitarian NGOs worldwide from 1945 to 1980. Readers interested in international relations and humanitarian hunger prevention are provided with fascinating insights into the economic and business related aspects of Western non-governmental politics, fundraising and philanthropic giving in this field. The book also offers rich empirical material on the political implications of private and governmental international aid in a world marked by the order of the Cold War, and decolonialization processes. It elaborates the struggle of so called "Third World Countries" to catch up with modern Western consumer societies. In order to do justice to CARE's growing dimensions and to try to make sense of the various challenges arising from international operations, the book contains five main chapters on CARE's organizational development, with three case studies. It tells CARE's story on two different yet connected levels. First, it tells the story as a history of individuals and their interactions, conflicts, initiatives, and alliances within CARE and second as an organizational history focusing on institutional networks, CARE's role in international diplomacy. By the start of the 1960s CARE's strategically planned transformation into a development-oriented agency was in full swing. With United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Food for Peace, and the Peace Corps, several new government agencies in the development assistance sector were founded that offered potential junctions and opportunities for cooperation for CARE and the voluntary agencies in general.

Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

Open Access (free)
The study of European Union relations with Mercosur
Arantza Gomez Arana

control of the Brazilian government. In contrast, Spain modelled the universities in Latin America to resemble the organization of Spanish universities. More specifically, the royal universities replicated the Spanish University of Salamanca, whilst the religious universities were modelled on the Spanish University of Alcala. Thus, according to Murilo de Carvalho, the ‘twentythree universities were scattered in what eventually would become thirteen different countries’ (1987: 56). The influence of Spain and Portugal also continued in other ways following de-colonialization

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
Psychogenetic counselling at the New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1955–1969
Marion Andrea Schmidt

a vast range of phenomena, from family, gender, and parenting to racial relations or social unrest. Anthropologists tried to find universal human traits in cross-cultural comparison. Sociologists and psychologists focused on group dynamics to better understand bias, discrimination, and political orientation in the aftermath of Nazi Germany and fears of Communist subversion. Racial unrest and decolonization conflicts also fuelled psychosocial research, such as the work of Mauritian-born and Algeria-based psychiatrist Frantz Fanon. To activists in decolonializing

in Eradicating deafness?
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

. Terrorism and extremism, however, are certainly not new to Africa. Jihadist and messianic movements dating back to the early 1800s gave rise to the Sokoto caliphate in what is now northern Nigeria and the rise of the Mahdist movement in Sudan. It has also been an important part of the political and security dynamic of the continent from the ­de-colonialization struggle to the Cold War and beyond, although it has been primarily driven by distinct domestic political factors and inwardly focused. What has changed in the post-9/11 world for Africa is the apparent melding of

in African security in the twenty-first century