Hesyre was a high court official in ancient Egypt and lived about 2650 bc during
the reign of King Djoser. He managed to combine religious as well as secular
posts, and has the distinction of being the first recorded physician and
firstknown dentist in history. Healthcare developed at an early period in
ancient Egyptian history as is supported by the evidence from the skeletal and
mummified remains, from the artistic record, as well as from inscriptional and
textual sources. These textual sources, the medical papyri, provide details of
medical procedures undertaken, drugs employed and treatments provided - some of
which have influenced modern medical practice. What we know about Hesyre comes
from his impressive tomb at Saqqara, the walls of which are brightly decorated
with items of daily life. Additionally, the tomb contained six fine wooden
panels listing Hesyres titles, among them those relating to his practice of
medicine and dentistry.
This work demonstrates that resistance to occupation by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy during the Second World War has to be seen through a transnational, not a national, lens. It explores how people often resisted outside their country of origin because they were migrants, refugees or exiles who were already on the move. It traces their trajectories and encounters with other resisters and explores their experiences, including changes of beliefs, practices and identities. The book is a powerful, subtle and thought-provoking alternative to works on the Second World War that focus on single countries or on grand strategy. It is a ‘bottom up’ story of extraordinary individuals and groups who resisted oppression from Spain to the Soviet Union and the Balkans. It challenges the standard chronology of the war, beginning with the formation of the International Brigades in Spain and following through to the onset of the Cold War and the foundation of the state of Israel. This is a collective project by a team of international historians led by Robert Gildea, author of Fighters in the Shadows: A New History of the French Resistance (Faber & Faber, 2015). These have explored archives across Europe, the USA, Russia and Israel in order to unearth scores of fascinating individual stories which are woven together into themed chapters and a powerful new interpretation. The book is aimed at undergraduates and graduates working on twentieth-century Europe and the Second World War or interested in the possibilities of transnational history.
experience, improvements in design and
decreasing costs led to a snowballing movement as further government grants
provided funds for projects in Jammu-Kashmir, Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh.
Projects in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP), the European Commission (as it was then) and the Asian Development
Solar power today provides fifty kilowatts of energy, enough to run over thirty
computers, five hundred tube lights, photocopying machines, a pathology lab, a
An ethnography of NGO practice in India
Artificial limb patents, medical professionalism and the moral economy in ante
ITINERANT MANIPULATORS AND
PUBLIC BENEFACTORS: ARTIFICIAL LIMB
PATENTS, MEDIC AL PROFESSIONALISM
AND THE MORAL ECONOMY IN
ANTEBELLUM AMERIC A
‘The legal right is, of course, not disputed; the moral right is by no means so
clear.’ So wrote Robert Arthur, a professor at the Philadelphia College of DentalSurgery, in 1853.1 Arthur was referring to the practice of patenting, which
was at the centre of contentious debates to define ethics and etiquette in a variety of health professions in nineteenth-century America.
The legal right was in
comes from each of their
mouths; Frank’s after dentalsurgery and Margaret’s when she dies in hospital. It is ironic, after all, that they have spent the whole film not being
able to find the right things to say to each other but are still linked graphically by the mouth.
7 Julia Hallam with Margaret Marshment, Realism and Popular Cinema,
Manchester and New York, Manchester University Press, 2000, pp. 46–47.
8 Anderson, ‘Sport, Life and Art’, pp. 16–17.
9 Gavin Millar, ‘This Sporting Life’, Movie, No. 7 (February 1963), p. 33.
10 Ibid., p. 33.
11 Ibid., p. 33.
dentalsurgery. These scenes are sharply intercut with his background story.
A former mineworker, Machin is exploited by the club’s managing
élite for his ruthlessness as a rugby player, while seeking, and
failing, to establish an emotionally based relationship with his widowed
landlady, Margaret Hammond (Rachel Roberts).
From the start, Lindsay Anderson and his editor Peter
Taylor show a determination to pursue a flashback
5.1 There would be little support today, even from the most paternalistic doctor, 1 for the proposition that a sick adult should be compelled to accept whatever treatment his doctor thought best. No one suggests that adults who stay away from dentists out of childlike fear and to the detriment of their dental and general health should be rounded up and marched to the nearest dentalsurgery for forcible treatment. Few would deny the right of the adult Jehovah’s Witness to refuse a blood transfusion, 2 even if in doing so she forfeits her life. Medical
explosives and other stores and the escape of British
and Commonwealth soldiers on the run. ‘At first she was given charge of
the administration of a group of [local Greek] agents who were employed
in collecting information from the German controlled aerodromes’, SOE
recorded of some of her activities.
She paid the agents their weekly salaries, [and] received all their reports
which she translated and collated before they were forwarded to this HQ.
The bulk of this work was carried out in her father’s [dental] surgery which
was used as an HQ thus endangering not only
, ghostly versions of the characters’ selves
return to puncture the present through home videos, and ghostly
visual reminders of the missing boy recall him, the use of shallow
focus creating a backdrop of spectral, ill-defined or shadowy figures,
populated precisely by servants and the working class. Echoing the
film’s title, Vero’s demeanour post-accident also subtly suggests the
ghost or zombie.10 It becomes apparent just how much of Vero’s life
depends on others: domestic staff, the gardener, and at her dentalsurgery the assistant and secretary. The presence of