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From pious subjects to critical participants
Author: John Anderson

This book examines the contribution of different Christian traditions to the waves of democratisation that have swept various parts of the world in recent decades, offering an historical overview of Christianity's engagement with the development of democracy, before focusing in detail on the period since the 1970s. Successive chapters deal with: the Roman Catholic conversion to democracy and the contribution of that church to democratisation; the Eastern Orthodox ‘hesitation’ about democracy; the alleged threat to American democracy posed by the politicisation of conservative Protestantism; and the likely impact on democratic development of the global expansion of Pentecostalism. The author draws out several common themes from the analysis of these case studies, the most important of which is the ‘liberal-democracy paradox’. This ensures that there will always be tensions between faiths which proclaim some notion of absolute truth and political order, and which are also rooted in the ideas of compromise, negotiation and bargaining.

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Stella Gaon

5302P Democracy MUP-PT/lb.qxd 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 12 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 42111 23/10/09 16:08 Page 1 Introduction Stella Gaon This book interrogates a ‘crisis’ of democracy that is manifest in the increased violence provoked by radical difference (‘alterity’) in Western democratic communities and explores its significance for the thinking and the practical development of democracy today. Significantly, however, the contributors to this volume treat the question of what sustains and what

in Democracy in crisis
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Uriya Shavit and Ofir Winter

-democratic; on the contrary, it is a prerequisite for the ­development of democracy in Arab societies. From its inception, Arab liberal thought also developed an approach that views certain aspects of Zionism, and later on of Israel, as examples to follow. The liberal approach perceives the West as a hegemonic force that must be ousted in order to establish meaningful independence in Arab societies; however, it anchors its vision for these societies in a direct adoption of values and institutions rooted in Western liberal canons. This duality has enabled an understanding of

in Zionism in Arab discourses
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

of whether there are particular conditions for the development of democracy is investigated. Arguments for and against democracy are explored and finally there are some reflections on the future of democracy in the twenty-first century. POINTS TO CONSIDER Why is democracy a great ‘hurrah’ word? Have forms of democracy other than liberal democracy (such as the

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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Katherine Fierlbeck

? Chapters five and six examine the political contexts within which debates about democratization are centred. Two of the most significant variables influencing the development of democracy are the role of (international) capital, and the role of ‘civil society’ (in relation to the state). It was the development of the modern state which facilitated the emergence of democracy in Europe: the new theory of sovereignty underlying the

in Globalizing democracy
Where’s the harm in that?
Jennifer Kavanagh

 … by enabling public scrutiny of government action [freedom of expression and access to information] serve as safeguards against government abuse and thereby form a crucial component of genuine national security. (Ibid.: 13) This chapter examines the clash between national security and the public interest in Ireland, when government tries to balance the legitimate need for secrecy with efforts to allow for openness and transparency. It will assess the impact of national security restrictions on the development of democracy in the State, the relationship between

in Ireland and the Freedom of Information Act
Katherine Fierlbeck

: No single factor is sufficient to explain the development of democracy in all countries or in a single country. No single factor is necessary to the development of democracy in all countries. Democratization in each country is the result of a combination of causes. The combination of causes producing democracy varies from country to country. The

in Globalizing democracy
Open Access (free)
George Philip

prospect of joining the European Union 214 AREAS has made a significant difference to the development of democracy in both southern and eastern Europe. Even Turkey, which is unlikely to join the European Union soon, has gained considerable material benefit from its international position. The United States could not regard the financial bankruptcy of a strategic ally like Turkey with the same equanimity with which it has regarded the Argentine default and economic crisis that came to a head in 2002. It is true that international financial institutions like the World

in Democratization through the looking-glass
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John Anderson

Christianity and democracy have had a long and sometimes troubled relationship. The roots of political pluralism are often seen as embedded within the Protestant historical experience of Northern Europe and North America, though whether this was a direct consequence of Reformed Christianity is contested. Conversely, the Roman Catholic Church has been depicted as a social institution that sought to halt the development of democracy from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth century in Europe and Latin America. Very little attention

in Christianity and democratisation
Open Access (free)
Cameron Ross

–periphery relations. Below I discuss the major factors which have been instrumental in bringing about the current chronic weakness of ‘state capacity’ at the federal level and which, in turn, have thwarted the development of democracy in Russia. I also argue that it is too simplistic to test the level of democratisation in Russia by merely studying national level politics. As we shall see (in chapters 6–7 and 9) there are many different kinds of political regime in operation in Russia ranging from quasi-democracies to ‘delegative democracies’. In chapters 2 and 3 we examine the

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia