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A beginner’s guide to working with text as data

This book offers a practical introduction to digital history with a focus on working with text. It will benefit anyone who is considering carrying out research in history that has a digital or data element and will also be of interest to researchers in related fields within digital humanities, such as literary or classical studies. It offers advice on the scoping of a project, evaluation of existing digital history resources, a detailed introduction on how to work with large text resources, how to manage digital data and how to approach data visualisation. After placing digital history in its historiographical context and discussing the importance of understanding the history of the subject, this guide covers the life-cycle of a digital project from conception to digital outputs. It assumes no prior knowledge of digital techniques and shows you how much you can do without writing any code. It will give you the skills to use common formats such as plain text and XML with confidence. A key message of the book is that data preparation is a central part of most digital history projects, but that work becomes much easier and faster with a few essential tools.

Joël Glasman
and
Brendan Lawson

about numbers produced by artificial intelligence and remote sensing. This dream has been somewhat validated with spending on big data, machine learning, digital tools and data analysis over the past decade. But the hype for digital data production has concealed the fact that the production of numbers is still a labour-intensive process. The reality is that most numbers are still produced by institutions – configurations made up of labour, materials, technology, hierarchies

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Future of Work among the Forcibly Displaced
Evan Easton-Calabria
and
Andreas Hackl

services for and with displaced persons across the world since 2015’ ( Techfugees, 2022 ). The Digitalisation of Humanitarian Services More broadly, the humanitarian sector has digitalised many of its services, such as WFP’s transition to electronic vouchers and the longstanding use of biometrics in refugee registration. UNHCR has, for instance, been involved with digital data through biometric data collection. It has used identity technology

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt
,
Isabel Muñoz Beaulieu
, and
Handreen Mohammed Saeed

engage with ethical issues around data management, and to include ethical audits as part of data practices. The focus of most recent guidance documents in this area, including those listed above, are considerations related to digital data, though they remain germane for all forms of data collected in humanitarian projects. Alongside these sectoral guidelines, many humanitarian organisations have established policies and regulations for data management within their projects

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

in the digital data economy’ ( Lupton, 2016: 117 ). Important gender implications arise from how surveillance technologies focused on bodies and personal lives intersect with identity-based discrimination, particularly gender-based violence, such as stalking or honour killing, and societal power-relation constructs ( Woodlock, 2017 ). The intensification of surveillance by self-tracking devices is significant, and, following Ruckenstein and Schüll (2017) , it is useful to adapt

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Ethnography for a data-saturated world
Hannah Knox
and
Dawn Nafus

data relations thus not only raise questions about how to better know and act upon the world, but also shed light on the very foundations of what we consider knowledge to be. This book starts from the conceit that attention to digital data opens up the possibility of interrogating more broadly the presuppositions, techniques, methods and practices out of which claims about the value and purpose of knowledge gain power. To talk of digital data is to talk of one facet of a broader terrain of knowledge production, of which numerical or digital data is only one part

in Ethnography for a data-saturated world
Editors: and

Data is not just the stuff of social scientific method; it is the stuff of everyday life. The presence of digital data in an ever widening range of human relationships profoundly unsettles notions of expertise for both ethnographers and data scientists alike. This collection situates digital data in broader knowledge-production practices. It asks about the kinds of social worlds that data scientists are creating as the profession coalesces, and looks at the contemporary possibilities available to both ethnographers and their participants for knowing, formatting and intervening in the world. It shows what digital data is doing to the empirical methods that sustain claims to expertise, with a particular focus on implications for ethnography.

The contributors offer empirically grounded accounts of the cultures, infrastructures and epistemologies of data production, analysis and use. They examine the professionalisation of data science in a variety of national and transnational contexts. They look closely at specific data practices like archiving of environmental data, or claims-making about how software is produced. They also offer a glimpse into the new methodological and pedagogical possibilities for teaching and doing ethnography in a data-saturated world.

An ethnography in/of computational social science
Mette My Madsen
,
Anders Blok
, and
Morten Axel Pedersen

collaborative space of ethnographic-cum-digital data generation and analysis.1 The specific question we wish to focus on here revolves around the problem of what ‘collaboration’ between or across different disciplines might mean and entail both within and outside the academy. An extensive social scientific and STS literature pertaining to this question already exists, including work concerned with the relationship between qualitative ethnographic data and different kinds of quantitative data, whether deemed ‘digital’, ‘computational’ or not. Within the field of anthropology

in Ethnography for a data-saturated world
Jonathan Blaney
,
Sarah Milligan
,
Marty Steer
, and
Jane Winters

companies which have a commercial interest in keeping that data under their control. The distorting results of this are already apparent in the field of social media research, where studies using Twitter predominate because the data is at least partially accessible. This is what happens with digitised materials too – we research what we can find – but for born-digital data the commercial imperatives are greater and ownership lies in the hands of far fewer companies. Digital preservation specialists are working hard to ensure that digital sources will remain accessible

in Doing digital history
Open Access (free)
Theatre and the politics of engagement
Author:

This book is about science in theatre and performance. It explores how theatre and performance engage with emerging scientific themes from artificial intelligence to genetics and climate change. The book covers a wide range of performance forms from the spectacle of the Paralympics Opening Ceremony to Broadway musicals, from experimental contemporary performance and opera to educational theatre, Somali poetic drama and grime videos. It features work by pioneering companies including Gob Squad, Headlong Theatre and Theatre of Debate as well as offering fresh analysis of global blockbusters such as Wicked and Urinetown. The book offers detailed description and analysis of theatre and performance practices as well as broader commentary on the politics of theatre as public engagement with science. It documents important examples of collaborative practice with extended discussion of the Theatre of Debate process developed by Y Touring theatre company, exploration of bilingual theatre-making in East London and an account of how grime MCs and dermatologists ended up making a film together in Birmingham. The interdisciplinary approach draws on contemporary research in theatre and performance studies in combination with key ideas from science studies. It shows how theatre can offer important perspectives on what the philosopher of science Isabelle Stengers has called ‘cosmopolitics’. The book argues that theatre can flatten knowledge hierarchies and hold together different ways of knowing.