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3 Moral dilemmas In Part I of this book, I argued that paternalism is inadequate as a general account of parental power. And as both the caretaker thesis and the liberation thesis equate parental power with paternalism, their adequacy as theories of parental power is questionable for that reason. However, of greater significance for our present purposes is the fact that, according to each thesis, when we evaluate parental power, we will not be faced with irresolvable moral conflicts. There are two aspects to this argument, and they are the focus of this chapter

in Evaluating parental power
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Divorce, birth control and abortion

3 Moral dilemmas: divorce, birth control and abortion S ignificant changes in public attitudes towards divorce, birth control and abortion occurred during the inter-war period. Legislation was introduced which extended the grounds for divorce and for the first time information on birth control was made available to married mothers at local authority clinics, albeit on strict medical grounds. Concerns about the rise in the maternal mortality rate highlighted the prevalence, as well as the dangers, of illegal abortion. This led to a number of women’s groups

in Housewives and citizens
On the sociological paradoxes of weak dialectical formalism and embedded neoliberalism

4 Dilemmas of contemporary statehood: on the sociological paradoxes of weak dialectical formalism and embedded neoliberalism FD simultaneously refers, within the parameters defined by public law and centralised post-​feudal states in Europe and elsewhere, to diverse instances of de-​centralisation. The latter are commonly denoted by the separation of powers as well as the protected status of the private individual and the rights of a variety of non-​state actors in civil society. Differentiation thus implies de-​centralisation, but it does so in a somewhat

in Critical theory and sociological theory
The case of the Liberal Democrats

05c Globalisation 120-143 2/2/11 15:10 Page 120 5 The free trade dilemma: the case of the Liberal Democrats Among the political groups discussed in this book, the Liberal Democrats were the most likely to consciously associate themselves with a particular ideological tradition, that is, liberalism – indeed interviewees claimed to uphold an explicitly liberal approach to globalisation. Of course, this self-identification should not be taken at face value. It does mean, however, that it is necessary to preface a discussion of the Liberal Democrats’ discourse

in Globalisation and ideology in Britain

ITLP_C09.QXD 18/8/03 10:00 am Page 134 9 The Progressive Dilemma and the social democratic perspective Steven Fielding and Declan McHugh The object of this chapter is to consider the notion of the ‘progressive dilemma’ as outlined by David Marquand in his collection of essays of the same name (Marquand 1999). Marquand sought to explain Labour’s historically poor electoral performance by focusing on the party’s inability to unite a sufficient number of working-class and middle-class voters in a sustained anti-Conservative coalition. As will be explained in

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Towards a union or not?

The European Union’s dilemma 125 7 The European Union’s dilemma: towards a union or not? From its humble beginnings, [the Roman Empire] has grown so much that it is now suffering under its own size. (Titus Livius)1 Summary In March 1999 the European Commission, the European Union’s executive branch, resigned under accusations of fraud, nepotism and mismanagement, leading to intensive soul-searching as to what could be the right form of management for the EU. How could the democratic aspects of the emerging entity be enhanced? How could democracy be improved

in Destination Europe

boiler’. The dilemma, in a nutshell, was that ‘We cannot protect them much longer, and at the moment they are taking no serious steps to protect themselves.’ In December 1970 a British officer lamented, ‘Now the hunting season is almost upon us, when the richer rulers disappear for weeks at a time under the disapproving scowls of the remainder, who of course would go too if only they could afford it.’ 77

in Britain and the formation of the Gulf States
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The US Army and internal security in the Pacific, 1902–1940

In ancient Greek and Roman mythology, the entrance to Hades was protected by Cerberus, a dog-shaped monster of between three and fifty heads. Ancient writers were mute as to why Cerberus required so many heads, but it may be that, in common with many guardians of Empire, he faced danger as much from his unwilling wards as from outside intruders. The United States (US) Army, charged with defending the Pacific possessions of the Philippines and Hawaii, encountered a similar predicament. The US Army became the protector of Hawaii and the Philippines largely through the vagaries of the war with Spain in 1898. Following the First World War, there was an effort to integrate the US Army's internal security duties into war plans and defence projects. The internal security sections of the Orange Plans sought to head off the possibility of sympathetic action in support of a Japanese invasion.

in Guardians of empire
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Narrative Strategies in Lochhead‘s Dracula

Adapting a novel for the stage is no easy task, especially if the novel in question is as famous and omnipresent as Bram Stoker‘s Dracula. Seven years prior to Francis Ford Coppola‘s box office hit, the Scottish poet and playwright Liz Lochhead wrote a version of the vampire saga which not only successfully translates the technical complexities of Stoker‘s text into the difficult medium of the theatre, but also offers a careful reading and contemporary evaluation of the subversive potential of the novel. In her adaptation, the fundamental dilemma of subjectivity and otherness becomes visible and demonstrates why Stoker‘s creation keeps fascinating readers, film audiences and critics alike.

Gothic Studies
The Kinship Metaphor in the Age of Byron

Although many Gothic novels conclude with contained restorations of patrilineal inheritance, others subvert primogeniture by perpetuating birthright through a non-traditional line. Such transgressions of Gothic primogeniture become even more pronounced during the Romantic era - particularly in the works of Byron, such as Cain and Don Juan. In the latter, Juan‘s nuptial dilemmas reflect several primogenitary issues of deep concern during the eighteenth century - including the preservation intact of patrilineal property, the containment of an increasing marriage age, and the extension of political alliances through marital exogamy. At the same time, these primogenitary issues also reveal a striking parallel between the handing down of inheritance and the handing down of texts. Finally, such a parallel also extends to the economic foundation of both inherited and textual property. As a result, Byron‘s poetry links both realms to Malthusian demographics, female commodification, and the paper currency crisis of the era.

Gothic Studies