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New dimensions, new challenges

Immigration is relatively new in Spain, and hence government policies are struggling to manage the diversity it entails. This book examines the social conditions and political questions surrounding Spanish diversity, and gives a comprehensive view on how Spain is orienting its diversity management following a practical approach. It also examines specific immigrant nationalities, current institutional practices and normative challenges on how Spain is managing diversity. The mosque debate and the effects of the Danish Cartoon Affair on the traditional moros and cristianos festivals are explored. The book addresses the context of educational challenges related to immigration, and the policy approaches to the management of immigration-related diversity in education. It discusses policies and practices to combat discrimination in the labour market, with special reference to the transposition and implementation of the EU anti-discrimination directives. The book looks at political participation and representation of immigrants by describing the public debate on voting rights, the legal framework and the various debates about the possibilities for granting immigrants voting rights. This is done through an analysis of the Foro para la Integracion de los Inmigrantes (FII), and the main characteristics of the management of immigrant associations by the City Councils of Madrid and Barcelona. The book concludes that Spain is a laboratory for diversities, with a 'practical philosophy' of diversity management within a complex identitarian, historical and structural context that limits policy innovation and institutional change.

This book examines the treatment of cultural and religious diversity - indigenous and immigrant - on both sides of the Irish border in order to analyse the current state of tolerance, and the kinds of policies that may support integration while respecting diversity. While it is sometimes argued that in contemporary societies we need to go ‘beyond tolerance’ to more positive recognition, new and continuing tensions and conflicts among groups suggest that there may still be a role for tolerance. The first set of chapters focus on the spheres of education, civic life and politics, including chapters on specific groups (e.g. travellers, immigrants), as well as the communal divisions in Northern Ireland. Later chapters reflect on the Irish experience of diversity, and assess the extent to which the conceptual approaches and discourses employed to deal with it are comparable between the jurisdictions of the Republic and Northern Ireland. Finally the book considers the implications for what constitutes the most appropriate approach to diversity - whether this should ideally be in terms of tolerance and mutual accommodation, of recognition, or transformative reconciliation. This is the first book to address the issue of tolerance across the broad sweep of different kinds of religious and cultural diversity in Northern Ireland and the Republic.

Separate but equal?
Author: Karin Fischer

Separate but equal? Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland focuses on the historical and current place of religion in the Irish education system from the perspective of children’s rights and citizenship. It offers a critical analysis of the political, cultural and social forces that have perpetuated the patronage system, looks at the ways in which the denominational model has been adapted to increased religious and cultural diversity in Irish society and shows that recent changes have failed to address persistent discrimination and the absence of respect for freedom of conscience. It relates current debates on the denominational system and the role of the State in education to Irish political thought and conceptions of national identity in Ireland, showing the ways in which such debates reflect a tension between nationalist-communitarian and republican political outlooks. There have been efforts towards accommodation and against instances of discrimination within the system, but Irish educational structures still privilege communal and private interests and hierarchies over equal rights, either in the name of a de facto ‘majority’ right to religious domination or by virtue of a deeply flawed and limited view of ‘parental choice’.

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Metabiographical method
Justin D. Livingstone

Nicolaas Rupke. Surveying the reputation of Alexander von Humboldt, Rupke reflects on what he calls ‘a striking plasticity of the historical record’. 25 Humboldt acquired a suite of posthumous identities, and his numerous biographers, across generations of German culture, ‘offered a diversity of reasons for honouring him’: they addressed largely the same biographical material, but ‘molded it differently

in Livingstone’s ‘Lives’
Ricard Zapata-Barrero

Multiple diversity in the education system 3 Multiple diversity in a decentralized education system Introduction The integration of a growing number of foreign students in primary and secondary schools is a major challenge in Spain today. Over the last ten years, the number of foreign pupils in compulsory education1 has increased rapidly from 43,481 in 1996–97 to 432,800 in 2006–07 (Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, 2007). This chapter gives an outline of the educational challenges and policy approaches towards the management of immigration-related diversity

in Diversity management in Spain
Comparing hijabs in schools and turbans in the Garda reserve
Nathalie Rougier and Iseult Honohan

5 Tolerance of religious and cultural diversity in Irish institutions: comparing hijabs in schools and turbans in the Garda reserve1 Nathalie Rougier and Iseult Honohan Religious dress has not been a major issue in Ireland, compared with the major upheavals and conflicts that have emerged around it in other Western European countries. Two controversies, although limited in scope and intensity, can, however, cast some light on the extent to which religious diversity is accepted in Ireland. This chapter compares issues that arose concerning religious dress in two

in Tolerance and diversity in Ireland, North and South
Pedagogical innovation and contested curricula
Alan S. Ross

3 The virtues of diversity: pedagogical innovation and contested curricula What other reason can there be for the Jesuits having such easy and happy advancement, than their staying with one particular method and one kind of book? In our case, almost every territory and every town follows their own rules; many a town thinks that it would the greatest shame if its school rector did not find it necessary to compose his own Grammatic and Elementale, a Vocabularium, a Logicam or the like. Anonymous pamphleteer, Augsburg 16931 In the seventeenth century, the Lutheran

in Daum’s boys
Steven King

10 Making sense of diversity In late October 1816 William Lively arrived in Blockley (Worcestershire). With him he carried a note and a bill, both written by John Lucy, the superintendent of the Liverpool School for the Blind. Noting that Lively had been at the school for eight years, the letter would: inform you by order of the Committee that 4 years is the Comited time for Pupils to remain in the School and has he is a good Basket Maker and can make al sorts of twine & Lines, Cart Ropes &c. he will be able to maintain himself with your assistance in setting

in Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor, 1750–1834
Combating discrimination against immigrant workers
Ricard Zapata-Barrero

4 Multiple diversity in the labour market and in the workplace: combating discrimination against immigrant workers Introduction Immigrants’ participation in the labour market is a fairly recent phen­ omenon in Spain. The number of immigrant workers increased from less than 200,000 in 1996 to more than 3,000,000 in 2007 (Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales; MTAS, 2007a). Immigrants are typically employed in areas with a high need for labour, such as construction, agriculture, the hotel business, house keeping and care for the elderly. Immigration is mainly

in Diversity management in Spain
Ricard Zapata-Barrero

2 Policy discourses in Spain in a growing multiple diversity process Introduction: overview of the different diversity challenges The rapid increase in the foreign population since 2000 has led to a growing awareness that immigration is a structural phenomenon and Spain is a diverse society. It was already diverse, because of the different nations residing together in the Spanish multinational State (see for example Requejo, 2005) and the presence of the gypsy minority (see for example Garreta Bochaca, 2003). Immigration adds a new dimension to this already

in Diversity management in Spain