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Author: Sarah Wright

In the full-length treatment of the child in Spanish cinema, this book explores the ways that the cinematic child comes to represent 'prosthetic memory'. The cinematic children in the book retain traces of their mechanical origins: thus they are dolls, ventriloquists' dummies, cyborgs or automata. Moreover, by developing the monstrous undertones evoked by these mechanical traces (cinema such as 'Frankensteinian dream'), these films, in different ways, return repeatedly to a central motif. The central motif is the child's confrontation with a monster and, derivatively, the theme of the monstrous child. Through their obsessive recreation over time, the themes of the child and the monster and the monstrous child come to stand in metonymically for the confrontation of the self with the horrors of Spain's recent past. The book focuses on the cine religioso (religious cinema), in particular, Marcelino, pan y vino. The children of cine religioso appear like automata, programmed to love unconditionally an absent mother. The book then examines the Marisol's films from the 1960s and the way she was groomed by her creators to respond and engineer the economic and cultural changes of the consumerist Spain of the 1960s. It further deals with Victor Erice's El espiritu de la colmena and works through cinematic memories of this film in later works such as El laberinto del fauno, El orfanato and El espinazo del diablo. The films are seen to gesture towards the imaginary creation of a missing child.

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Economic change and class structure
Jim Smyth and Andreas Cebulla

M1426 - COULTER TEXT.qxp:GRAHAM Q7 17/7/08 08:01 Page 175 9 The glacier moves? Economic change and class structure Jim Smyth and Andreas Cebulla The relationship between the economy and class structure in Northern Ireland has not been a topic of sustained discussion. Apart from studies of poverty and exclusion, little research exists on the determinants of social class and the effects of economic change on the social structure. Instead, research on Northern Ireland focuses overwhelmingly on the causes and consequences of ethno-religious differences and the

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
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Defining a genre
Ben Lamb

experience from broader socio-economic changes. Such a genre possesses the capability to reveal how national strategies employed by the Government to tackle inequality, and the perceived relationship between poverty and crime, impact upon the British public’s relationship with its police force. Therefore police officer characters can be used as an incidental means of exploring transformations to traditional

in You’re nicked
Ali Rattansi

, and throughout the phase of ‘solid modernity’, socio-economic change, although rapid and ubiquitous, was always only a temporary state of affairs, with one solid set of social relations soon replaced by another solid social stage. So, although the first stage of melting led to the ‘melting’ of feudal social relations, the installing of the capitalist economy and RATTANSI 9781526105875 PRINT.indd 207 24/05/2017 13:19 208 The perils of liquid life the dominance of what Weber called ‘instrumental rationality’, this soon began to solidify into a particular form of

in Bauman and contemporary sociology
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Shifting the economic development agenda
Jon Stobart

and Nottinghamshire and earthenware manufacture in the Potteries. Recognising the importance of the region is not to dethrone the industrial revolution, therefore, but rather serves to highlight the truly revolutionary nature of economic change during this period. Regional specialisations were well established by the early eighteenth century and were all the more remarkable because such ‘marked geographical concentration of whole sectors of production had never been experienced before’.15 They were also enduring and did much to shape the subsequent economic

in The first industrial region
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Tim Thornton and Katharine Carlton

poverty, un- or under-employment, the impact of disease or 4 The gentleman’s mistress economic change as manifest in the countryside in shifts from agrarian to pastoral systems (and enclosure) and in towns as expressed in types of urban decline.11 More recently, the language of commonwealth as applied in circles around the crown has been discussed by John Watts in his paper on ‘“Common Weal” and “Commonwealth”’ suggesting a situation with roots in the fifteenth century in which this new sense of responsibility might attach to aspects of community and individual

in The gentleman’s mistress
Martin Gorsky, John Mohan and Tim Willis

commitment to an ethos of mutualism. Second, the impact of social and economic change on the schemes is explored through consideration of the evolving product mix, the strategies used to promote the schemes’ products, the importance of the schemes as aspects of occupational welfare, and the changing market structure. Third, the potential future of the schemes is discussed in relation to proposals for reform of the institutions and practices of the welfare state. The ethos of the surviving schemes: charity, voluntarism and mutualism Charitable status and fundraising for

in Mutualism and health care
Phillipp R. Schofield

introducing a broad thesis of economic change based upon the relationship between population and resources. In Postan’s discussion of the medieval economy, his earliest work, in the 1920s and 1930s, had most to say on the significant topic of the time: the rise of a money economy. In this, Postan was keen to illustrate the non-linear processes of economic change, and one that challenged an earlier generation of historians, such as W.A. Cunningham who had viewed the rise of a money economy as an inevitable process of change without significant

in Peasants and historians
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Popular culture and popular protest in early modern England
John Walter

. But it is important to emphasise that in the early modern period there was a wider subscription to the ideas that lay at the heart of the moral economy. State, Church and (arguably) significant sections of the old-established landed class too recognised the necessity to police social and economic relationships. English monarchs and their councils, all too aware of the limited forces of repression at their disposal, sought to regulate social and economic change in order to minimise the threat of popular disorder. But, in so doing, they had more subtle aims. By

in Crowds and popular politics in early modern England
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Richard Jobson

. The policies that emerged from the 1986 Jobs and Industry campaign and the post-1987 policy review were preoccupied with future social and economic changes. They were intended to shape the Britain of the 1990s and beyond in a manner that was conducive to the obtainment of social democratic objectives. In this respect, Kinnock’s team offered a vision of the future that was perhaps even more forward-looking (and, in some ways, less reactive) than the New Labour era that followed. Yet this historical example should only be used to generate a sense of the type of

in Nostalgia and the post-war Labour Party