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Shetland 1800–2000
Author: Lynn Abrams

This book is about the relationship between myth-making and historical materiality. It is a singular case study of the position and experience of women in a 'peripheral' society distanced - geographically, economically and culturally - from the British mainland. The book first looks at women and gender relations in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries through examination of the construction of historical myth. It then looks at economic and demographic factors that underpinned the materiality of women's dominance of culture. An understanding of women's work patterns and experiences is central to any analysis of women's lives in Shetland and the gender relations contingent upon this. Shetland women were autonomous, independent workers whose day-to-day productive experiences implicated them in all sorts of social and economic relationships outside the home. The book argues that women's culture in Shetland actually had only a marginal connection to the islands' dominant economic activity - fishing. It also argues that the negligible figures for children born outside wedlock are a poor guide to understanding the moral order in nineteenth-century Shetland. Like the new visitors to Shetland, the historians of the early twenty-first century would ordinarily reach the same conclusions. They would do so, at root, because the authors are equipped with the same myth system of discourse about what constitutes women's subordination and power. The book seeks to navigate the issue of 'power' by approaching it in terms which the Shetland woman understood in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Declan Long

collectivity in this precarious post-​Troubles moment: an era doubly defined by processes of post-​ conflict resolution, and strategies of societal regeneration formed under the influence of neo-​liberal ideology. Such socio-​economic factors of post-​Troubles reality compel us, therefore, to map contexts for the contemporary art of Northern Ireland in relation to what has been perceived, by Chantal Mouffe and others, as the ‘post-​political’ condition of globalised liberal democracy. An important proposition at the heart of this book is that the art of the post

in Ghost-haunted land
Abstract only
Foredoomed to failure?
Kent Fedorowich

-optimistic administrators settling inexperienced settlers on marginal land at a time of depressed prices for primary produce. Economic factors aside, the failure to establish a landed imperial yeomanry was in part attributable to the growth of a ‘sturdy’ dominion nationalism. E. T. Crutchley, Bankes Amery’s successor as Britain’s migration representative in Australia, reported in 1932 that the growth of dominion nationalism

in Unfit for heroes
Abstract only
An introduction
Michael Breen, Michael Courtney, Iain Mcmenamin, Eoin O’Malley, and Kevin Rafter

extent to which the norms of critical impartiality have survived. Second, we assess whether the media has shifted towards hypercritical infotainment. Third, we investigate the extent to which content has been influenced by exogenous factors, that is, political, social, and economic factors outside the media itself. An introduction 3 The media systems literature stresses the continuity of norms and institutions dating from the birth of the mass media, arguing that Western media systems reflect three categories: liberal, corporatist, and polarised pluralist. The

in Resilient reporting
Scenarios in south east Europe
Christian Giordano

force surplus, heightened an already dire critical situation. Added to this was the international recession between the two world wars, which brought down both agricultural produce prices and exports. In most of Europe’s south eastern countries, these economic factors have created a widespread atmosphere of social tension that has often broken out into bloody revolts such as the well-known case of the Romanian farmers in the spring of 1907 (Castellan 1994: 51). This endemic rebelliousness, reinforced by sweeping historical events such as the Russian Revolution

in Potentials of disorder
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Mapping the nation
Sivamohan Valluvan

being applicable to momentary crisis resolution and as temporarily deflecting more pressing questions about economic stagnation.19 Accordingly, nationalism is not entertained as being a force of modernity that exerts its own momentum, needs, desires, fears and anxieties which cannot be contained or understood solely through reference to material determinants. Beyond economistic explanations Economic factors are certainly integral to the emergence of this new nationalism, given that they undeniably cultivate certain nationalist desires. Hostility towards national

in The clamour of nationalism
Susan Strange

, ‘Far more important than the rate of interest and the supply of credit is the mood’ (Galbraith 1955:  187, my italics). Economic factors alone cannot explain why in the space of two years the optimism of the speculative boom turned to the pessimism of the depression. Some later, rather sophisticated econometric research actually concluded that most of the fall in spending in 1929–31 was due to non-monetary factors; monetary conditions explained only about a quarter of the fall.8 What no econometric study can do, of course, is to measure and explain why there should

in Mad Money
Lynn Abrams

by female agency and power. I set out to analyse the extent to which demographic and economic factors influenced women’s experience. In a place where the sex imbalance was so pronounced for such a long period of time (there was arguably nowhere else in nineteenth-century Europe where the ratio of women to men was tipped quite so dramatically to the females), and where economic opportunities were severely constrained, I hypothesised that I would find a historical narrative that, at the very least, disturbed our understandings of continuity and change in nineteenth

in Myth and materiality in a woman’s world
Robust but differentiated unequal European cities
Patrick Le Galès

, crime, clientelism, the role of the middle classes (shopkeepers, artisans but also lower middle classes from the public sector) articulated to different processes of economic and political transformation, non-economic factors of economic development, the welfare state (Saraceno 2002), relations of the labour market and poverty (Paci 1989; Burroni 2016). The comparative political economy of territories of cities developed in Italy thanks to the great research programme of Bagnasco and Trigilia with their analysis of the third Italy (Bagnasco 1977), Turin and then the

in Western capitalism in transition
Gerasimos Gerasimos

movement within this broad region, as well as long-distance emigration to the Americans, Europe, and sub-Saharan Africa. It is also marked by waves of immigration into the region from Europe. The postcolonial period, from the late 1940s until the late 1960s, coincides with the rise of Arab nationalism, as cross-border population mobility is driven mainly by political, rather than economic, factors. The oil boom period, from the late 1960s until the early 1980s, is dominated by economically driven cross-border migratory flows, although national and regional politics

in Migration diplomacy in the Middle East and North Africa