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Marcel H. Van Herpen

Proposal #18: fight economic inequality and introduce a universal basic income On Wednesday, 20 December 2017, the American House of Representatives voted on a new tax bill, which gave companies a massive permanent tax break and temporary tax breaks to individuals. On the same day, the bill was hailed by Trump in a tweet with the text: “We are delivering HISTORIC TAX RELIEF for the American people.” The tweet was accompanied by a picture of a Christmas present box. When the box opened the text “TAX CUTS for CHRISTMAS” appeared. The American president was

in The end of populism
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

, have been accused of becoming a fetish: objects with seemingly magical powers that emerge from nowhere, obscuring far more serious political and economic inequalities ( Scott-Smith, 2013 , 2016 ). Shelter, like all the humanitarian clusters, has been subject to the winds of innovation, and a good place to see this is in action is at AidEx: a large humanitarian trade fair where inventors and entrepreneurs introduce their ‘innovative’ new products to the marketplace. AidEx is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Myfanwy James
,
Joseph Grace Kasereka
, and
Shelley Lees

acceptability’ of medical procedures, to instead focus on political questions of governance and political economy. Global health and humanitarian institutions must recognise the political significance of local popular critiques of international interventions, situating them in legacies of colonialism and postcolonial political and economic inequality. Fine-grained, contextual research on the everyday politics of biomedical ethics is crucial and timely, not only in DRC where

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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A complexity theory of literature
Author:

Cormac McCarthy: a complexity theory of literature examines McCarthy’s works as a case study demonstrating how literary texts can make chaotic and complex systems imaginable. This book offers the first sustained analysis of McCarthy’s literary engagement with complex systems, from food webs to evolutionary economics. Focusing on McCarthy’s depiction of the role of economics and art on global inequality and eco-disaster, it argues that McCarthy’s works offer a case study in the role of literature in challenging us to imagine the consequences of our world’s unmaking, and to recognize what creativity and ethos is needed to make it again in the ‘very maelstrom of its undoing.’

Open Access (free)

This book describes the explosion of debt across the global economy and related requirement of political leaders to pursue exponential growth to meet the demands of creditors and investors. It presents a historical account of the modern origins of capitalist debt by looking at how commercial money is produced as debt in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The book identifies the ways in which the control, production, and distribution of money, as interest-bearing debt, are used to discipline populations. It focuses on the histories of the development of the Bank of England and the establishment of permanent national debt with the intensification and expansion of debt, as a "technology of power", under colonialism in a global context. The book investigates the modern origins of debt as a technology of power by focusing on war, the creation of the "national" debt, and the capitalization of the organized force of the state. It addresses the consequences of modern regimes of debt and puts forward proposals of what needs to be done, politically, to reverse the problems generated by debt-based economies. The book utilizes the term "intensification" rather than spread or proliferation to think about both the amplification and spatial expansion of debt as a technology of power during the era of European colonialism and resistance. Finally, it also presents a convincing case for the 99" to use the power of debt to challenge present inequalities and outlines a platform for action suggesting possible alternatives.

The past, present and future of social democracy and the welfare state

This book outlines the reasons for the development of and need for social democracy and the welfare state. It begins with the reaffirmation that post-2008 Anglo-America has seen the greatest concentration of wealth since the Great Depression, some nine decades earlier. The book reviews the thought of classical liberals like Adam Smith, democratic theorists like Alexis De Tocqueville and Matthew Arnold, and early social democrats like John Stuart Mill and Beatrice Webb. It further details the reasons for the derailing of the welfare state. Milton Friedman's ideas about the free market were institutionalized by Ronald Reagan in the US and Margaret Thatcher in the UK, both of whom dismantled the welfare state, or as much of it as possible. The book talks about the collapse of the Grand Narrative of the Left in the 1980s and 1990s. How this led to the 'great forgetting' in Anglo-America, and to a lesser extent in continental European social democracies and welfare states as well, is discussed. The book argues that 'forgetting' the past success of social democracy has been costly. It highlights that globalization does not explain unemployment in Anglo-America; nor is it the cause of inequality in either the US or the UK. A comparison of Anglo-America's social model with the European social model of the welfare and social democratic states of continental Europe, follows. Even with the high unemployment rates of the European Union, most of Europe is still as economically efficient as the US and the UK.

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Looking to pastures new
Ben Lamb

-to-eight episodes. This concluding chapter analyses how Broadchurch (ITV, 2013–2017) and Happy Valley (BBC, 2014–) typify the genre’s latest direction in narrative and style. It specifically considers how the use of HD aerial cameras in both series ideologically navigates the growing socio-economic inequalities of their specific localities in relation to gendered identities deriving from austerity politics

in You’re nicked
Abstract only
Sarah Glynn

. This different perspective allows me to develop a critical overview of this political history and of the impacts of postmodern understandings and to put forward a radically different alternative. This book exposes the fundamental flaws in the culturalist approaches and identity politics that have become shibboleths of ‘progressive’ thought; and it puts forward a call for a return to materialist understandings that can be used to underpin a new attack on fundamental socio-economic inequalities. The point is not to ignore or belittle racism and discrimination, but to

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End
John Narayan

adoption of the ‘scientific attitude of the mind’ in moral and political matters. The second section will outline how Dewey believed liberal capitalism was unable to support social intelligence and needed replacing with a form of democratic socialism. The third section will outline how Dewey’s call for democratic socialism was animated by his view about the relationship between economic inequality and political equality within the Great Society. The final section will highlight how Dewey’s views on economic and political equality translate into an argument for an

in John Dewey
Antigoni Memou

capitalism, economic inequalities and exploitation of the poor countries and ecological destruction. The statements record the participants’ beliefs and incentives to travel to Genoa, indicating the movement’s diversity. 29 Joel Sternfeld, ‘Because it’s right’, A protester, Genoa, 2001. (C-print, Courtesy of the artist and Luhring Augustine, New York) 146 Joel Sternfeld’s Treading on Kings Nevertheless, what most of them share is an emotional response, at times strong, to the injustices of the capitalist system. The underlying emphasis on the right causes of the protest

in Photography and social movements