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Lynne Attwood

2 The New Economic Policy T he New Economic Policy, or NEP, was introduced by Lenin in 1921. It was initially intended as a short-term measure to deal with the acute crisis in food production. Under War Communism, grain which was considered surplus to the peasants’ own needs – and this was open to interpretation – had been requisitioned by the authorities and used to feed the urban workers and the army. The furious peasants had rebelled; if the food they produced would be taken from them, they would simply produce less. A severe drought in 1920 and 1921 turned

in Gender and housing in Soviet Russia
Paul Kennedy

4 Economic policy under the PSOE, 1982–96 Entering office in 1982 at a time when social democracy was generally acknowledged to be in retreat before the dominant neoliberal paradigm, the PSOE acknowledged that the pursuit of an interventionist, Keynesian-­style economic policy would be unlikely to secure economic success. The very gravity of the economic situation bequeathed by the Socialists’ UCD predecessors militated against the adoption of any kind of risk likely to provoke an adverse reaction from the financial markets. Indeed, 1982, when the PSOE entered

in The Spanish Socialist Party and the modernisation of Spain
Shaun McDaid

4 Social and economic policy and the executive in office A wide range of socio-economic policy matters were discussed by the powersharing executive, despite its brief tenure. Issues such as job creation and educational policy were subjects of particularly high priority for the powersharing administration. The downturn in both the regional and world economies at the time, created a particularly challenging environment for an executive that desperately needed a popular social and economic programme in order to build support for power-sharing in the wider

in Template for peace
Credibility, dirigisme and globalisation
Ben Clift

4 The political economy of French social democratic economic policy autonomy 1997–2002: credibility, dirigisme and globalisation Ben Clift Introduction: the crisis of social democracy The U-turn of French Socialism in 1983 saw a retreat from egalitarian redistribution, full employment and social justice as the priorities of economic policy. A prolonged period of ideological and programmatic flux ensued. The manifest failure of a decade of Socialist Government to make any impression on the soaring unemployment figures was devastating. This, acting in tandem with

in In search of social democracy
Peter Clarke

1 The making and remaking of ‘common sense’ about British economic policy Peter Clarke Duncan Tanner made many contributions to the teaching, the writing and, above all, to the understanding of British political history from the late nineteenth ­century to the end of the twentieth. One recurrent theme of his research, of course, ­concerned the vicissitudes in the political fortunes of the Liberal and Labour ­parties over that period. Indeed his first book, Political Change and the Labour Party, constitutes a massive scholarly achievement in teasing out some of

in The art of the possible

Since 1980s, there has been a steady stream of excellent work on the politics of literature and the literature of politics in seventeenth century England. Work on Andrew Marvell has seen a resurgence in the new millennium, driven by landmark scholarly editions of both his poetry and his prose. This book invites readers to entertain the prospect of placing Marvell at the centre of the literary landscape, exploring how such placement would shift people's perceptions of seventeenth-century literary culture. It presents a collection of essays that are divided into three sections. The first section asks readers to consider novel ways in which early modern and contemporary readers have conceived of texts and their position in the public world of print consumption and critical practice. It focuses on the relationship between literary texts and their historical moments, aesthetics, contextualisation of the religious, political, or social and Marvell's lasting awareness of and fascination with the public. The second section outlines seventeenth-century accounts and perceptions of child abuse, and the problems of identifying and recounting the experience of abuse and the broader significance of the appeal to Marvell of European poetry. The last section takes up issues of literary relations between prominent authors of the century. It illustrates how Marvell's depiction also stands in relation to Dutch representations of de Ruyter's victory, which emphasised the martial heroism as well as the negative consequences of the English monarchy's economic policies.

Abstract only
Craig Berry

perhaps evolving. If its deployment continued despite the onset of a financial crisis which threatened to undermine the perceived efficacy of an integrated world economy, then the evidence mounts that the idea of globalisation, rather than going out of fashion, has become entrenched in the ideological landscape of British politics. 0bc Globalisation 001-010 2 2/2/11 15:08 Page 2 Globalisation and ideology in Britain It is precisely this ideological landscape that this book surveys. The survey is conducted through the empirical lens of foreign economic policy

in Globalisation and ideology in Britain
The case of New Labour
Craig Berry

communicative discourse surrounding New Labour’s foreign economic policy in government. The department most responsible for foreign economic policy was the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), subsequently replaced by the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR) in 2007 (incorporated into the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills in 2009). The chapter will also focus to a lesser extent on the Department for International Development (DfID) and the Treasury, both of which had some (formal or informal) involvement in foreign economic policy

in Globalisation and ideology in Britain
Uwe Puetter

the monetary pillar and the economic pillar is addressed. Finally, the review of EMU’s constitutional framework turns to the differentiated nature of the process of European monetary and economic integration. EMU’s evolving institutions and policies Economic policy in EMU is based on a decentralised system of governance. The member states remain fully responsible for policy implementation. The definition of policy objectives follows the principle of subsidiarity. The course of economic policy is defined at the national level. However, national decision-making has to

in The Eurogroup
Abstract only
Myth in the political sphere
Jack Mosse

servant is that you have to be politically neutral … as long as I've provided evidence-based advice … then I'm confident that my advice, whatever they choose, is the best advice they can get. 6 I learned that the majority of the work done by the civil servants working on economic policies concerns conducting research into possible future scenarios, then relaying this research back to a minister. So

in The pound and the fury