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The case of Shakespeare

Academic analyses in cultural studies of the second half of the twentieth century had made a case to extend the term 'culture' to the tastes, practices and creativity of the groups marginalised by ethnicity and class. This book deals with Shakespeare's role in contemporary culture in twenty-first-century England. It looks in detail at the way that Shakespeare's plays inform modern ideas of cultural value and the work required to make Shakespeare part of modern culture. The book shows how advocacy for Shakespeare's universal and transcendent values deal with multiple forms of 'Shakespeare' in the present and the past. His plays have the potential to provide a tangible proxy for value that may stabilise the contingency and uncertainty that attends the discussion of both value and culture in the twenty-first century. The book shows how the discussions of culture involve both narratives of cultural change and ways of managing the knowledge in order to arrive at definitions of culture as valuable. It examines the new languages of value proffered by the previous Labour government in the first decade of the twenty-first century. The book further shows how both the languages and the practice of contemporary cultural policy have been drastically affected by economic pressures and the political changes occasioned by the post-2008 fiscal crisis.

Open Access (free)
Lachlan McIver, Maria Guevara, and Gabriel Alcoba

support which unfortunately has largely failed to materialise. By April 2021, the UK – hitherto one of the leading sources of government funds to tackle NTDs – had announced it was reneging on its commitment, reducing its funding by over 90 per cent, citing budgetary constraints due to pandemic-related economic pressures ( Uniting to Combat Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2021 ). Industry soon followed suit. In May, a global shortage of liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) – the single most important

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot, Lisa DiPangrazio, Dorcas Acen, Veronica Gatpan, and Ronald Apunyo

violence, specifically marital rape ( Mazurana et al. , 2019 ). The rationale linking conflict and child marriage is that families face increased economic pressure and protection risks that result in them marrying off their daughters. However, existing reviews of evidence highlight that research on child marriage in humanitarian settings is limited, requiring further, context-specific research ( Mazurana et al. , 2019 ). In some settings, families may be motivated to marry off their daughters due to the practice of bride price, which may be viewed as a means of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Leverage and deconstruction
Author: Simon Wortham

This book explores key critical debates in the humanities in recent times in the context of the legitimation crisis widely felt to be facing academic institutions, using Derrida's idea of leverage in the university. In particular, it concerns an account for the malaise in the university by linking critical developments, discourses and debates in the modern humanities to a problem of the institution itself. The book finds within these discourses and debates the very dimensions of the institution's predicament: economic, political, ideological, but also, inseparably, intellectual. It looks at some of the recurring themes arising in the early key texts of new historicism and cultural materialism. The book also argues that these approaches in a number of ways orient their critical strategies according to certain kinds of logics and structures of reflection. It instances disorientation and leverage in the university by exploring the problematic doubleness of economics as indeterminately both inside and outside contemporary cultural theory. The book also argues that the interdisciplinary approach of cultural analysis has a certain amount of difficulty positioning economics as either simply an outside or an inside. The orientation and leverage within the university apparently offered by the development of cultural studies and by certain forms of interdisciplinarity comes at the cost of an irresolvable disorientation between the object and the activity of criticism.

John Swain

also to assess more broadly how far the Lancashire witch trials arose from economic pressures and village tensions. It will be shown that there were economic aspects to many of the episodes in 1612 described by Potts, and to the events of 1633–34, but that these do not directly explain the trials and operated indirectly through a variety of social situations. At the time of the two witch trials, Pendle was a typical upland pastoral economy, far removed from the more prosperous arable villages of southern England. Two economic activities

in The Lancashire witches
Abstract only
James Mitchell

being made, whether these were concerned consciously with the nature of the unions or whether they concerned other matters but had consequences for the unions. The original different unions have been important in the development of the UK’s territorial politics but so too have been other forces. As has been shown throughout this book, social and economic pressures gave rise to different conceptions of what the state at the centre should do, how much it should intervene in society and the economy, and this had consequences for its territorial constitution and issues of

in Devolution in the UK
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West Wales and Swaledale and the sequences of migration
Eric Richards

rurality. The demographic and economic career of the upland Swaledale region in the North Yorkshire Pennines demonstrates with unusual clarity several typical sequences within the long-term decline of its rural population.35 Swaledale was a classic case of rural change associated with migratory adjustments to demographic and economic pressures, and was a regional variant of the common experience in rural Britain.36 Detailed research devoted to this district exposes the long phases of migration out of the district and the forces of retention also.37 Here we are able to

in The genesis of international mass migration
Mike Huggins

1 The racing business between the wars he racing industry was amongst the largest and most sophisticated of leading British industries between the wars, yet was also highly conservative, and often unprofitable for its investors. Racing contributed significantly to national economic turnover, and in turn wider British economic pressures impacted on racing. It was cosmopolitan, with horses, owners, trainers and jockeys coming from or going to countries across the globe, although most especially the English-speaking world. Very large numbers were involved in

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39
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Revolution and loss among Syrian labourers in Beirut

Rebel Populism describes the Syrian uprising and civil war through the eyes of Syrian migrant workers and refugees in Beirut. The book relies on many years of participant-observation in Lebanon, hundreds of semi-structured interviews, as well as life history collection, image and video cataloguing, and focus group analysis.

Based on this data, it describes, first, how the same socio-economic pressures that pushed the people to revolt against the Syrian government can be located in the transformation of labour migration to Lebanon from a once temporary means of accumulating future-directed savings to a faltering survivalist strategy unable to keep pace with a growing gap between wages and prices. Syrian workers expressed their bottom-up insurgent anti-regime politics through the circulating protest art, anti-regime video clips, and alternative news sources. However, as the uprising collapsed into today’s bloody proxy war, the book then moves to chart how the men began to instead seek to build lives for themselves in Lebanon despite intense social, economic, and legal uncertainty. "

Uwe Puetter

Building on a broader and contextual picture, this chapter turns to the in-depth analysis of a particular discourse over policy within the group. The discussion refers to the Eurogroup's role in the operation of the SGP. It explains how discussion in the Eurogroup has shaped the interpretation of the pact since it came into force, a process which also found its expression in the revisions made to the pact in March 2005. In addition, reference to four similar instances of non-compliance with common policy rules brings in a comparative dimension and seeks to account for the role of possible obstacles to informal policy deliberation such as political and economic pressure.

in The Eurogroup