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Power, resistance and identity in twenty-first-century Ireland
Series: Irish Society
Editors: Rosie Meade and Fiona Dukelow

This book analyses and critiques Irish society in the early twenty-first century, but seeks to do so by consciously avoiding myth-making and generalisation. It invites readers to revisit and rethink twelve events that span the years 2001-2009. It shows that all of these events reveal crucial intersections of structural power and resistance in contemporary Ireland. The book shows how the events carry traces of both social structure and human agency. They were shaped by overarching political, economic, social and cultural currents; but they were also responses to proposals, protests, advocacy and demands that have been articulated by a broad spectrum of social actors. The book also explores how power works ideologically and through policy instruments to support dominant models of capital accumulation. Identities are constructed at the interface between public policy, collective commitments and individual biographies. They mobilise both power and resistance, as they move beyond the realm of the personal and become focal points for debates about rights, responsibilities, resources and even the borders of the nation itself. The book suggests that conceptions of Irish identity and citizenship are being redrawn in more positive ways. Family is the cornerstone, the natural, primary and fundamental unit group of society. Marriage is the religious, cultural, commercial, and political institution that defines and embeds its values. The book presents a 2004 High Court case taken by Katherine Zappone and Ann Louise Gilligan for legal recognition of their marriage as a same-sex couple, which had taken place a year previously in Canada.

Natural history and the East India Company
Deepak Kumar

The economic value of the geological investigations proved of immediate concern to the Company, with the coalfields of India looming large. The year 1807 saw the birth of the Geological Society of London 48 and it was not coincidence that the next year Lord Minto ordered an investigation into the Raniganj coalfield. 49 Within a few years Colebrooke reported upon the Sylhet coal. 50 Franklin

in Imperialism and the natural world
Acceptance, critique and the bigger picture
Anne B. Ryan

the discourses available to the participants which help them interpret their experiences and make life choices. It goes on to discuss the connections between individual choices and the ways that economic values affect society, and asserts that the public and private spheres cannot be considered in isolation from each other. 155 eih ch-9.P65 155 26/3/03, 15:16 156 Ryan The research themes Both research projects gathered data concerning work, money and related themes in contemporary life, by means of focus-group discussions and individual and pair interviews

in The end of Irish history?
Niilo Kauppi

European political field can be understood both as involving processes of convergence and divergence. This implies the institutionalisation of new political and economic values and patterns of behaviour that unite national politics into a structurally looser entity, the European political field. This convergence touches institutions, practices and norms, shaping a common attitudinal role (Nye 1968, 865-74) that provides politicians with a shared mental framework, constituting a rudimentary form of homo politicus europaeus. Neoliberalism represents one side of the coin

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
Sabine Barles and André Guillerme

treated gently, for they needed to ‘keep intact this delicate membrane, which the slightest flaw renders useless … To reach the desired effect, the gut is bathed or washed repeatedly in warm or slightly alkaline water.’63 In 1775, however, a family from Barcelona settled in Paris and London to tap the gut market on a large scale. Once an item of low economic value, gut then became a source of substantial profit for tripe-merchants. The French product was used for the making of chorizos and dry sausages, which were much sought after in Spain and the Spanish colonies.64

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
Robin Nelson

emerged in TV3. The range of those products illustrated in this book, wide though it is, marks just a part of interesting TV drama output. Though “American Quality TV” has had the higher profile, I would argue that UK output is equally wide-ranging and impressive without entirely abandoning elements of local/ national/regional appeal in British television traditions. Futures: upsides and downsides Upsides As the discussion above has intimated, there has been a complex interrelationship between economic values and aesthetic and cultural worth as advanced capitalism has

in State of play
Abstract only
Ory Bartal

. These products have not only served human needs but also shaped a society in which people eat or spend their leisure time alone. Psychoanalysts argue that patients utter different truths when they are sitting in an armchair than when they are lying on a couch. In other words, the therapeutic setting triggers different thought processes in the same person. If we observe an advertisement poster, for instance, we see that it contains a number of values which it seeks to transmit to its viewers, including the economic values of late consumer culture and the social values

in Critical design in Japan
Abstract only
Victoria Margree, Daniel Orrells, and Minna Vuohelainen

The introduction to the volume sets Richard Marsh in his historical context and argues that our understanding of late-Victorian and Edwardian professional authorship remains incomplete without a consideration of Marsh’s oeuvre. The introduction discusses Marsh as an exemplary professional writer producing topical popular fiction for an expanding middlebrow market. The seeming ephemerality of his literary production meant that its value was not appreciated by twentieth-century critics who were constructing the English literary canon. Marsh’s writing, however, deserves to be reread, as its negotiation of mainstream and counter-hegemonic discourses challenges our assumptions about fin-de-siècle literary culture. His novels and short stories engaged with and contributed to contemporary debates about aesthetic and economic value and interrogated the politics of gender, sexuality, empire and criminality.

in Richard Marsh, popular fiction and literary culture, 1890–1915
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Caroline Sturdy Colls and Kevin Simon Colls

This chapter evaluates the fortifications that the labourers, not from the perspective of their military significance, but rather in terms of their status as products of forced and slave labour, and their impact upon the sensory experiences. The chapter draws upon the results of walkover surveys, photogrammetry and mapping exercises in order to evaluate the various interactions between the labourers and the landscapes in which they worked. also discussed are other material traces interacted with, or generated by, the labourers and members of the German garrison – most notably marks (including graffiti) and objects – while also considering the role that these played in resistance and oppression. A later section focuses on the daily lives of the labourers within the camps and other internment sites in which they were housed. The chapter concludes with a discussion about the purpose of the labour programme on Alderney, reflecting on both its economic value and role in the persecution of so-called enemies of the Third Reich.

in 'Adolf Island'
Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

contributes to productivity growth, i.e. social value is primarily economic value. This does not mean that activities which do not contribute to, or even subtract from, productivity growth are necessarily devalued, but it does mean that they are undervalued, that the farther we stray from economic criteria then the harder it is to justify non-economic sources of value. There is, we could say, a kind of ‘economic gradient’ by which moral, aesthetic, emotional and natural values must constantly struggle to overcome the event horizon of the economic. This gradient tends to be

in After the new social democracy