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Open Access (free)
Ross M. English

2 Congressional elections All politics is local. (former House Speaker Tip O’Neil) The Contract with America In 1994 the Republican Party led by Newt Gingrich of Georgia in the House and future presidential candidate Bob Dole of Kansas in the Senate celebrated a remarkable victory in the Congressional elections. For the first time since 1955 the Republicans had gained a majority in both chambers of Congress. Indeed it was the first time in that forty-year period that the party had held the House of Representatives at all (see Table 2.1). Newt Gingrich took

in The United States Congress
Geoffrey K. Roberts

6 Second-order elections The concept of ‘second-order’ elections So far, this book has concentrated on Bundestag elections. Bundestag elections decide the party composition of the Bundestag, and thus the range of potential coalitions which can be formed to govern Germany. However, other elections may have political significance: the election of the federal president; the election of local councils; elections to the EP; and Land elections. Since the election of the federal president is an indirect election, influenced strongly by the outcome of elections to the

in German electoral politics
Geoffrey K. Roberts

5 Election campaigns, 1949–2002 The importance of election campaigning for the political parties and for the electorate can be illustrated by a brief analysis of each Bundestag election since 1949. This will draw attention to the changes which have occurred in campaign styles and strategies over the past fifty years. It will also demonstrate the crucial importance of factors beyond the direct control of the parties themselves: especially the context within which the election campaign takes place (the background of post-war reconstruction in 1949; student

in German electoral politics
Open Access (free)
Arthur B. Gunlicks

chap 9 27/5/03 11:57 am Page 289 9 Elections in the Länder Introduction Five phases can be distinguished in the development of political parties in the Länder. The first phase, from 1945 to 1953, was the period during which older parties were reestablished, e.g., SPD, and new parties were founded, e.g., the refugee party (BHE), CDU, and FDP (although the CDU has its roots in the old Center Party [Zentrum] and the FDP could be traced back to liberal parties of the Empire and Weimar Republic). The second phase, from 1953 to 1969, saw the developing

in The Länder and German federalism
So, no change there then?
David Broughton

11 David Broughton The 2001 general election The 2001 general election: so, no change there then? David Broughton A week is a long time in politics, as former Prime Minister Harold Wilson once noted. A year can seem like an eternity, especially when a party makes negligible progress in advance of a second successive general election drubbing. To follow such a humiliation with an occasionally bitter and long drawn out leadership contest – in which one candidate calls the other an ‘extremist’,1 and the other retorts by dubbing his opponent ‘a right wing hanger

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Duncan Watts

Chap 11 28/8/03 1:17 pm Page 269 Voting and elections 11 Elections are the main mechanism for expressing the public’s collective desires about who should be in government and what the government should do. Elections in Britain are not as frequent or extensive as they are in the United States. There are no direct elections for the Executive as there are in a presidential system. Neither are there primary elections within the parties to decide on the choice of candidate. In this chapter, we examine a number of issues about the functioning of elections in two

in Understanding US/UK government and politics
Abstract only
Úna Newell

7 Elections: 1927–32 June 1927 After five years of self-government (1922–27), the people had more time to reflect on the administration’s perceived neglect of the west and register its verdict. The plethora of small parties and interest groups that contended the June 1927 general election indicated a growing dissatisfaction with the economic and social conservatism of the Cosgrave regime. In Galway, twenty-two candidates stood for election and the campaign was characterised not by the voters’ desire to elect a strong Cumann na nGaedheal government, but by the

in The west must wait
Michael Breen
Michael Courtney
Iain Mcmenamin
Eoin O’Malley
, and
Kevin Rafter

7 Commercialism and election coverage The professional work of journalists has been expressed in numerous codes or principles, all of which note a public-service or social responsibility of journalism (McQuail, 2003; Kovach and Rosenstiel, 2007). This suggests the existence of substantial autonomy – in theory, if not in practice – from commercial pressures. The objective of profit maximisation is often seen as lessening the contribution that media can make in adhering to these principles and facilitating quality democratic debate (Dahlgren and Sparks, 1991

in Resilient reporting
Neville Kirk

Introduction I have organised this study around a central concern with elections and the performances of the ALP and the BLP in these elections. This has enabled me to meet three key objectives. First, to impose order and coherence upon a vast and sometimes unwieldy mass of primary and secondary material. Second, to compare and contrast continuities, changes, similarities and differences in Labour and anti-Labour attitudes and policies towards the factors of empire, nation, race and

in Labour and the politics of Empire
1 Peter 2.9 and the Franks
Gerda Heydemann

1 The rhetoric of election: 1 Peter 2.9 and the Franks Gerda Heydemann and Walter Pohl Could the Franks be regarded as holy, as a chosen people? Alcuin wrote in his Vita Vedastis that through the baptism of Clovis the Franks had become a ‘holy nation’ (gens sancta), a ‘people of His own’ (populus adquisitionis).1 This seems like a strong statement of Christian Frankish identity by Charlemagne’s Anglo-Saxon adviser, based on a quote from the First Letter of Peter in the New Testament.2 It raises a number of important questions. What does it tell us about the

in Religious Franks