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The USA, China, and strategic stability
Author: James Johnson

Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare offers an innovative and counter-intuitive study of how and why AI-infused weapon systems will affect the strategic stability between nuclear-armed states. The book demystifies the hype surrounding AI in the context of nuclear weapons and, more broadly, future warfare. It highlights the potential, multifaceted intersections of this and other disruptive technology – robotics and autonomy, cyber, drone swarming, big-data analytics, and quantum communications – with nuclear stability. Anticipating and preparing for the consequences of the AI-empowered weapon systems is, therefore, fast becoming a critical task for national security and statecraft. The book considers the impact of these trends on deterrence, military escalation, and strategic stability between nuclear-armed states – especially China and the US. Surprisingly little research considers how AI might affect nuclear-armed states’ perceptions of others’ intentions, rational choices, or strategic decision-making psychology. The book addresses these topics and more. It provides penetrating, nuanced, and valuable insights grounded in the latest multi-disciplinary research. The book draws on a wealth of political and cognitive science, strategic studies, and technical analysis to shed light on the coalescence of developments in AI and other disruptive emerging technologies. It sketches a clear picture of the potential impact of AI on the digitized battlefield and broadens our understanding of critical questions for international affairs. AI will profoundly change how wars are fought, and how decision-makers think about nuclear deterrence, escalation management, and strategic stability – but not for the reasons you might think.

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Managing an AI future
James Johnson

This book has advanced the case for narrow AI as a fundamentally destabilizing force, which could increase the risk of nuclear war. It has explained how, left unchecked, the uncertainties created by the rapid proliferation and diffusion of AI into advanced weapon systems will become a significant source of future instability and great-power (especially US–China) strategic competition. The book has conceptualized recent technological developments in AI with the broader spectrum of emerging technologies

in Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare
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Marcos P. Dias

to probe future patterns of the assemblage of technology, participation and urban space by speculating on the future of urban living, as we negotiate the tension between emerging technologies – sensor technologies, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology and biotechnology – and the desires, needs, rights and ethical concerns of citizens. This is not an easy task, due to the fast pace of social and cultural transformations imposed by digitally mediated communication technologies in the last decades. When speculating about future scenarios in urban space

in The machinic city
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Activism and design in Italy
Author: Ilaria Vanni

Precarious objects is a book about activism and design. The context is the changes in work and employment from permanent to precarious arrangements in the twenty-first century in Italy. The book presents design interventions that address precarity as a defuturing force affecting political, social and material conditions. Precarious objects shows how design objects, called here ‘orientation devices’, recode political communication and reorient how things are imagined, produced and circulated. It also shows how design as a practice can reconfigure material conditions and prefigure ways to repair some of the effects of precarity on everyday life. Three microhistories illustrate activist repertoires that bring into play design, and design practices that are grounded in activism. While the vitality, experimental nature and traffic between theory and praxis of social movements in Italy have consistently attracted the interest of activists, students and researchers in diverse fields, there exists little in the area of design research. This is a study of design activism at the intersection of design theory and cultural research for researchers and students interested in design studies, cultural studies, social movements and Italian studies.

Irish republican media activism since the Good Friday Agreement
Author: Paddy Hoey

Newspapers, magazines and pamphlets have always been central, almost sacred, forms of communication within Irish republican political culture. While social media is becoming the primary ideological battleground in many democracies, Irish republicanism steadfastly expresses itself in the traditional forms of activist journalism.

Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters is a long-term analysis of the development of Irish republican activist media since 1998 and the tumultuous years following the end of the Troubles. It is the first in-depth analysis of the newspapers, magazines and online spaces in which the differing strands of Irish republicanism developed and were articulated during a period where schism and dissent defined a return to violence.

Based on an analysis of Irish republican media outlets as well as interviews with the key activists that produced them, this book provides a compelling long-term snapshot of a political ideology in transition. It reveals how Irish Republicanism was moulded by the twin forces of the Northern Ireland Peace Process and the violent internal ideological schism that threatened a return to the ‘bad old days’ of the Troubles.

This book is vital for those studying Irish politics and those interestedin activism as it provides new insights into the role that modern activist media forms have played in the ideological development of a 200-year-old political tradition.

James Johnson

. 6 Towards this end, the chapter unpacks the following research puzzles. How might AI and other advanced or emerging technologies exacerbate the co-mingling problem-set? How concerned is China about inadvertent or accidental escalation? How serious are the escalation risks arising from entanglement in a US–China crisis or conflict scenario? How can the US, China, or others mitigate the escalation risks exacerbated by the advent of AI technologies? In this way, the chapter sketches a roadmap for a journey that US and

in Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare
James Johnson

within the broad spectrum of military technologies associated with the ‘computer revolution.’ It argues that military AI and the advanced capabilities it enables are best viewed as a natural manifestation of an established trend in emerging technology. Even if AI does not become the next revolution in military affairs, it could have significant implications for the central pillars of nuclear deterrence. Strategic stability: a platonic ideal? Combining cognition, stress, strategic culture, wargaming, and game

in Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare
Open Access (free)
Duncan Sayer

and kinship is vital if we are going to fully utilise the data available from emerging technologies such as the exploration of ancient DNA. As technology becomes more sophisticated so must archaeological approaches to the social situations and social dynamics of past peoples.

in Early Anglo-Saxon cemeteries
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Opening the AI Pandora’s box
James Johnson

tethers the book’s core arguments into a robust analytical framework. It contextualizes AI within the broad spectrum of military technologies associated with the ‘computer revolution.’ The chapter describes the notion of ‘military AI’ as a natural manifestation of an established trend in emerging technology. Even if AI does not become the next revolution in military affairs, and its trajectory is more incremental and prosaic, the implications for the central pillars of nuclear deterrence could still be profound.  Part II

in Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare
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Marcos P. Dias

reality, augmented reality, robotic technologies, Internet-enabled mobile phones, social media apps and cameras with laser scanning technology (LIDAR). The future machines conceptualised by performance art assemble these technologies with cultural references and speculative scenarios to imagine the future of urban living. These future machines – speculative and intangible as they may be – are important probes to think about the ethical, social and spatial consequences of emerging technologies. Online virtual worlds, social media and data-mining coupled with vast

in The machinic city